Cases reported "breech presentation"

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1/99. Congenital dislocation of the hip in the newborn. A correlation of clinical, roentgenogrhic and anatomical findings.

    This study correlates roentgenography, arthrography, morbid anatomy and histology in four newborn infants with congenital dislocation of the hip. Three died shortly after birth. In two of these, manipulative reduction was impossible. Both demonstrated secondary adaptive changes at autopsy, indicating that the dislocation had been present for some time in utero. The first had a paralytic dislocation (meningomyelocele), and the second showed no pathologic findings other than the dislocated hip. The third infant had a dislocation that was reduced at birth. The child died of pneumonia on the 15th day. At autopsy, no secondary adaptive changes were found in the hip. The fourth infant, who had undergone open reduction because of a dislocation irreducible at birth, was retrospectively found to have an intrauterine dislocation when the maternal roentgenogram was reviewed. Significant secondary adaptive changes were noted at the time of operation. ( info)

2/99. Fetal complication after external cephalic version at term: case report and literature review.

    We report a case of fetal distress following external cephalic version at term, which resulted in delivery by emergency cesarean section of an anemic, acidemic infant. The characteristics of the fetal heart rate tracing, the clinical findings, and a positive Kleihauer-Betke test after delivery suggest that fetomaternal hemorrhage or placental abruption was the most likely cause of the fetal distress. We review the incidence of the reported fetal complications after external version. ( info)

3/99. Funic presentation as a complication of external cephalic version. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: breech presentation is associated with increased risk. External cephalic version (ECV) has been successful in decreasing the incidence of intrapartum breech presentation. CASE: Funic presentation occurred as a complication of successful ECV. CONCLUSION: The wide-spread use of version calls for increased surveillance for adverse sequelae. At the completion of ECV, ultrasound analysis, pelvic examination and fetal heart rate monitoring are appropriate to exclude serious cord complications. ( info)

4/99. nuchal cord position in breech presentation: case report.

    nuchal cord position in breech presentation has been previously reported and classified into two types. We report a case of breech presentation with nuchal cord. Prenatal ultrasound showed a single nuchal cord inserted into the placenta located on the mid-posterior uterine wall at the level of the fetal neck. Elective cesarean section was performed at 37 weeks. We discuss the clinical significance of nuchat cord. ( info)

5/99. Twin pregnancy following gonadotrophin therapy in a patient with Sheehan's syndrome.

    A case of Sheehan's syndrome presented with secondary amenorrhea and was put on L-thyroxine, prednisolone and cyclical estrogen and progestin. ovulation induction with gonadotrophins and intrauterine insemination with husband's semen resulted in a twin pregnancy. Antepartum course was complicated by bronchial asthma, gestational diabetes and pregnancy-induced hypertension. Cesarian section was done at 34 weeks gestation for preterm rupture of membranes and breech presentation. Both babies and their mother were doing well at 6 months of follow-up. ( info)

6/99. prenatal diagnosis of meconium peritonitis in a twin pregnancy after intracytoplasmic sperm injection. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: meconium peritonitis occurring in pregnancies following artificial reproductive techniques (ART) is rare. We report the first case of meconium peritonitis following intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). CASE: A 37-year-old woman attended our in vitro fertilization (IVF) program because her husband suffered from hypospermatogenetic azoospermia due to cancer surgery and radiotherapy. The patient achieved a twin pregnancy through ICSI from testicular sperm extraction at our IVF center. meconium peritonitis, fetal ascites, polyhydramnios, bowel dilatation, hydrocele and intraabdominal calcification were noted in one of the twins on ultrasound at 30 weeks' gestation. cesarean section due to breech presentation in labor was performed at 36 weeks' gestation. A normal female and male infant with a distended abdomen were delivered. Emergency laparotomy was performed on the male twin because of dyspnea. A 0.2-cm perforation was found in the terminal ileum. Ileotomy was performed and closed after 27 days. CONCLUSION: prenatal diagnosis of meconium peritonitis is possible through careful ultrasonographic examination, and early surgical intervention and intensive postoperative support are required to improve the prognosis. ( info)

7/99. Ectopic hydronephrotic kidney masquerading as an ovarian cyst during pregnancy.

    An ectopic iliopelvic kidney with hydronephrosis causing fetal malpresentation is a rare occurrence. We describe this case for its unusual presentation which was mistaken for an ovarian cyst. The difficulty in diagnosis and the need for a high index of suspicion is highlighted. ( info)

8/99. Postpartum herpes simplex endometritis. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: herpes simplex virus (HSV) can cause postpartum endometritis. The clinical diagnosis of HSV endometritis has been reported previously. The disease is responsive to acyclovir intravenously. CASE: A 22-year-old woman, gravida 2, para 1, status post primary cesarean section for a double footling breech presentation, developed a persistent postpartum fever. Simulating the febrile course of septic pelvic thrombophlebitis, the patient's condition was unresponsive to broad-spectrum antimicrobials and heparin therapy. Active herpetic lesions and a positive cervical culture for herpes simplex prompted the use of intravenous acyclovir. Rapid resolution of the fever and the similarity to previous case reports suggested the clinical diagnosis of herpes simplex endometritis. CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of postpartum herpes simplex endometritis should be considered when managing a persistent postpartum fever unresponsive to aggressive antimicrobial and heparin therapy. Immediate resolution of the fever should occur with the use of acyclovir. ( info)

9/99. Case report: injury of the spinal cord at birth.

    spinal cord injury may occur as a severe complication to delivery. In the vast majority of such cases the injury results from a traumatic breech delivery, but cases of injuries after cephalic presentation and fetal malposition have also been described. Two cases were reported. One of the infants died at the age of 8 months and neuropathological examination of the brain and spinal cord was performed. The other child, now 6 years old, is still alive. incidence, mechanism of injury, clinical and morphological features, and treatment are briefly discussed. ( info)

10/99. moxibustion for breech presentation.

    breech presentation at term is considered a possible obstetric complication, and the management before and during labour remains controversial. A technique called 'moxibustion' is used in traditional Chinese medicine to encourage version of the fetus in breech presentation. It has been used in the maternity unit in Plymouth for 11 years. The results would seem to suggest it may have a positive effect and play a part in reducing the number of breech presentations at term and therefore also a reduction in the number of caesarean sections which are so often advocated in breech presentation. This article describes the technique in greater detail and discusses the potential for the future. ( info)
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