Cases reported "Aortitis"

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1/217. aortitis with multiple aneurysms mimicking infective endocarditis.

    aortitis usually produces aortic insufficiency by aortic root dilation. In rare cases the inflammation may involve the aortic valve cusps, causing valvular insufficiency. A patient in whom aortitis produced valvular masses, with aortic and peripheral arterial aneurysms, embolic episodes and aortic insufficiency is described. Valve replacement for suspected infective endocarditis was complicated by homograft dehiscence and multiple false aneurysms. Although immunosuppression was successful in decreasing the patient's vasculitis, he became infected and died of complications of aspergillus infection. ( info)

2/217. Cogan's syndrome with refractory abdominal aortitis and mesenteric vasculitis.

    Cogan's syndrome is a rare multisystem disease characterized by ocular inflammation, vestibuloauditory dysfunction, and vasculitis. We report a 26-year-old Caucasian woman who died from Cogan's syndrome. Her case illustrates that patients with Cogan's syndrome can have abdominal aortitis and mesenteric vasculitis, and that the vasculitis can be refractory to methotrexate, cyclophosphamide, cyclosporine, and chlorambucil. ( info)

3/217. Cryptococcal aortitis presenting as a ruptured mycotic abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    Mycotic processes occasionally complicate atherosclerotic aortic disease and usually require aggressive surgical therapy to control sepsis and prevent arterial rupture. Rarely, fungal organisms are responsible for primary infection of the abdominal aorta. We report the first case of Cryptococcal aortitis presenting as a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The surgical, pathologic, and microbiologic aspects of fungal aortitis are discussed. ( info)

4/217. Tuberculous infection of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta: case report and literature review.

    We report here a case of infrarenal aortic disruption and aortoduodenal fistula secondary to tuberculous aortitis in a 77-year-old man. From a review of experience with operative management of tuberculous infection of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta reported in the English-language literature, including the current report, we found that operative repair was attempted in 26 patients with tuberculous aortitis of the abdominal (n = 16), thoracic (n = 8), and thoracoabdominal (n = 2) aorta. Six patients had emergent operations for massive hemoptysis (n = 2), aortoduodenal fistula (n = 2), or abdominal rupture (n = 2), with an associated 30-day mortality of 50%. Elective or semi-elective repair was undertaken in 20 patients, of whom 19 (95%) survived for at least 30 days. On the basis of limited experience with this rare entity, in situ graft replacement is an appropriate treatment of tuberculous aneurysms and pseudoaneurysms of the descending thoracic and abdominal aorta. ( info)

5/217. A surgical case of atypical aortic coarctation using cardiopulmonary bypass.

    We report a 44-year-old woman with atypical aortic coarctation accompanied by cerebral artery disease. She was hospitalized for vertigo. An extra-anatomic bypass between the ascending aorta and abdominal aorta was performed using partial cardiopulmonary bypass under moderate hypothermia to reduce the after load of the left ventricle and maintain cerebral blood flow and cerebral perfusion pressure. The postoperative course was uneventful and there was no postoperative neurological deficiency. ( info)

6/217. Successful surgical treatment of primary aorto-duodenal fistula associated with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm: A case report.

    We report a rare case of a 50-year-old woman with intermittent gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding and diagnosed as having primary aortoenteric fistula (PAEF) with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA). She was transferred to our institution with suspected PAEF as assessed by duodenoscopy and CT scan. As the patient was in shock due to massive GI-bleeding two days after admission, we performed an emergency laparotomy. The fistula was closed and the aneurysm replaced by a Woven Dacron Graft with an inter-positioning omental flap. A high index of suspicion is the most important diagnostic aid to prevent overlooking this often fatal disease. ( info)

7/217. Steroid therapy is effective in a young patient with an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    We report a successful resection of an inflammatory aneurysm following treatment with steroids in a 23-year-old man. Suffering from fever and severe lumbago, he was admitted to our hospital. An ultrasound and computed tomography of the abdomen revealed an infrarenal abdominal aortic aneurysm surrounded by dense perianeurysmal fibrous tissue. We diagnosed it as an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm based on a symptomatic inflammatory reaction and the findings of ultrasound and computed tomography. Since the aneurysmal wall strongly adhered to the surrounding tissues and surgery was ruled out when it proved impossible to expose the vessels sufficiently to obtain vascular control, steroid therapy was started to control fever and severe lumbago. Five months later, we undertook surgery. Our conclusion is that steroid therapy was very effective against a young patient with inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm. ( info)

8/217. Unusual complications in an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    An unusual case of an inflammatory abdominal aortic aneurysm (IAAA) associated with coronary aneurysms and pathological fracture of the adjacent lumbar vertebrae. The associated coronary lesions in cases of IAAA are usually occlusions. In the present case, it was concluded that a possible cause of the coronary aneurysm was coronary arteritis and the etiology of the pathological fracture of the lumbar vertebrae was occlusion of the lumbar penetrating arteries due to vasculitis resulting in aseptic necrosis. Inflammatory AAA can be associated with aneurysms in addition to occlusive disease in systemic arteries. The preoperative evaluation of systemic arterial lesions and the function of systemic organs is essential. ( info)

9/217. A patient with fever and an abdominal aortic aneurysm.

    A 55-year-old man with an abdominal aortic aneurysm presented with fever and abdominal pain 3 weeks after an episode of salmonella gastroenteritis. His symptoms persisted despite antimicrobial therapy. Two abdominal computed tomography (CT) scans showed no evidence of aortitis. His abdominal pain worsened and further investigation including a third CT scan demonstrated a leaking aortic aneurysm. The wall of the aorta was shown to contain Gram-negative bacilli. This case illustrates the difficulty in diagnosing bacterial aortitis. ( info)

10/217. Papulonecrotic tuberculide and stenosis of the abdominal aorta.

    Papulonecrotic tuberculide (PNT) is a rare form of skin tuberculosis affecting predominantly young adults, with a history of immunity to mycobacterium tuberculosis. We report a case of a young Caucasian female with PNT who was also documented to have a stenotic segment in the abdominal aorta. The difficulty in clarifying and treating the primary disease and the association between a tuberculous infection and Takayasu's arteritis are discussed. ( info)
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