A disease that results from a congenital defect in electron transport complex iv. Defects in electron transport complex iv can be caused by mutations in the SURF1, SCO2, COX10, or SCO1 genes. electron transport complex iv deficiency caused by mutation in SURF1 manifests itself as leigh disease; that caused by mutation in SCO2 as fatal infantile cardioencephalomyopathy; that caused by mutation in COX10 as tubulopathy and leukodystrophy; and that caused by mutation in SCO1 as early-onset hepatic failure and neurologic disorder. (from Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Omim, MIM#220110, May 17, 2001)

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