Cases reported "Abdominal Neoplasms"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/161. Cytology of ascitic fluid in a patient with granulocytic sarcoma (extramedullary myeloid tumor). A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is the rare extramedullary manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia that may precede or be concurrent with leukemic infiltration of bone marrow or herald blastic transformation of a chronic myeloproliferative disorder. It has been found in most body sites and shows no age or sex predilection, necessitating its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of undifferentiated neoplasms. CASE: A 36-year-old female presented with a three-year history of abdominal pain, jaundice and fluctuating abdominal girth. Cytology of the ascitic fluid revealed myeloid cells of eosinophilic lineage at all stages of differentiation, with many undifferentiated cells. Immunohistochemical studies on a cell block confirmed the diagnosis of granulocytic sarcoma, which excluded the differential diagnoses of Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Langerhans histiocytosis. CONCLUSION: Granulocytic sarcoma may present as a serous effusion and can be diagnosed on a cytologic specimen.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/161. Treatment of upper abdominal malignancies with organ cluster procedures.

    Upper abdominal exenteration for upper abdominal malignancies was carried out in 15 patients with removal of the liver, spleen, pancreas, duodendum, all or part of the stomach, proximal jejunum and ascending and transverse colon. Organ replacement was with the liver, pancreas and duodenum plus, in some cases, a short segment of jejunum. Eleven of the 15 patients survived for more than 4 months; 2 died, after 61/2 and 10 months, of recurrent tumor. Of the 9 patients who are surviving after 61/2 to 14 months, recurrent tumor is suspected in only 1 and proven in none. Four patients with sarcomas and carcinoid tumors (2 each) have had no recurrences. The other 5 survivors had duct cell cancers (3 examples), a cholangiocarcinoma (1 example), and a hepatoma (1 example). The experience so far supports further cautious trials with this drastic cancer operation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/161. Extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma in a kidney transplant patient.

    Organ transplant recipients are prone to develop a variety of malignancies, most of which are encountered uncommonly in the general population. Approximately 5% to 7% of these malignancies are sarcomas, of which most are Kaposi's sarcomas. Ewing's sarcoma is an extremely uncommon tumor in organ transplant recipients, and only one case of skeletal Ewing's sarcoma has been reported in the transplant literature. We present a case of extraskeletal Ewing's sarcoma (EES) in a renal transplant patient.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.2857142857143
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/161. Extraosseous osteogenic sarcoma--a rare pediatric malignancy: case report and review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: Osteogenic sarcoma rarely occurs in soft tissues and generally affects individuals beyond the second decade of life. methods: The authors report a rare case of an extra osseous osteogenic sarcoma arising in the retroperitoneum of an adolescent, review the literature, and outline the diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas. The role of adjuvant chemotherapy, using drugs used in managing bony osteosarcomas, is discussed. CONCLUSIONS: Retroperitoneal sarcomas may simulate ovarian teratomas. Careful consideration of the differential diagnosis of large cystic abdominal masses in adolescent females when size precludes adequate assessment of tumor mobility and imaging fails to demonstrate the ovaries is essential if these rare tumors are to be managed effectively.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/161. Intra-abdominal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in an adult.

    rhabdomyosarcoma is an uncommon neoplasm in the adult population. Sporadic cases of primary rhabdomyosarcoma arising in the abdomen have been reported, but these cases are limited almost exclusively to the pediatric population. We report a well-documented case of primary intra-abdominal rhabdomyosarcoma in a 57-year-old woman. The patient presented with a pelvic mass and an elevated serum CA 125 and was referred to gynecologic oncologists at our institution for a presumed primary gynecologic malignancy. Intraoperatively, amorphous gelatinous tumor comprised a large portion of the peritoneal cavity. Surgical exploration of the abdomen failed to implicate any specific organ as the site of origin of the tumor. The overall histologic pattern of the resected tumor was most consistent with embryonal type rhabdomyosarcoma. To our knowledge this is the first well-documented case report of non-hepatobiliary, adult, intra-abdominal embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma in the English language literature. The presentation of a rare adult sarcoma mimicking a gynecologic malignancy was an unusual feature that complicated the diagnosis in this case.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.4285714285714
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/161. Fine needle aspiration cytology of desmoplastic small round cell tumor. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is a recently recognized type of primitive sarcoma characterized by a predilection for young males, a usually very aggressive course and generally unsuccessful therapy. A primitive histologic appearance with prominent desmoplasia and striking divergent multilineage differentiation are well-described morphologic features of this tumor, along with a consistent fusion of the EWS and WT1 genes at the molecular level. The cytologic literature contains only scattered references to this type of neoplasm. Detailed information on the clinical and fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy and the immunocytochemical and ultrastructural findings in a patient with DSRCT is presented. CASE REPORT: A 23-year-old male had a firm abdominal mass with multiple secondary lesions of the liver. An FNA biopsy was performed under ultrasonographic guidance. CONCLUSION: FNA of the liver nodules showed cohesive groups of small cells with hyperchromatic nuclei and inconspicuous nucleoli; immunocytochemically vimentin and desmin showed characteristic perinuclear globular positivity. FNA cytology is an effective means of diagnosing deeply located lesions. The cytologic features of DSRCT need to become familiar to pathologists and must be considered in the differential diagnosis of liver metastasis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/161. Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma of the knee.

    Extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma is an uncommon neoplasm, accounting for less than 2% of all soft tissue sarcomas. It affects adult males with a median age in the fifth decade at the time of diagnosis. The tumor usually arises in the deep soft tissues, especially in the lower extremities. patients present with a gradually enlarging mass that may or may not be associated with pain. This report describes a 25-year-old man who initially presented with a 4- to 5-year history of right knee pain and an enlarging mass in the right knee. Evaluation revealed a cartilaginous neoplasm with no evidence of metastatic disease. The tumor was widely excised and an allograft reconstruction was performed. The patient was closely followed with an eventual above the knee amputation for recurrent myxoid chondrosarcoma. At 34 months, retroperitoneal metastases were noted on abdominal CT. The patient underwent a left radical nephrectomy, renal vein thrombectomy and enucleation of the mass in the right kidney, distal pancreatectomy, and splenectomy. The patient received postoperative chemotherapy. Forty-eight months after initial diagnosis, the patient was found to have recurrent abdominal and retroperitoneal lesions. At 64 months, the patient died from complications of extraskeletal myxoid chondrosarcoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/161. Uptake of radiolabeled somatostatin analog is detectable in patients with metastatic foci of sarcoma.

    BACKGROUND: somatostatin receptors are present on many types of epithelial tumors, and ligands targeting these receptors are used to treat patients with neuroendocrine malignancies. Preclinical studies have demonstrated the presence of somatostatin receptors on a variety of mesenchymal tumors by in vitro receptor autoradiography. The use of radiolabeled somatostatin analogs to assess the presence of somatostatin receptors in vivo has been established, but use of this technique to evaluate human sarcomas has not been reported previously. methods: Seventeen patients (13 females and 4 males) with metastatic sarcoma underwent imaging via somatostatin-receptor scintigraphy. Scans were performed using indium -111 pentetreotide. Planar studies and single photon emission computed tomography imaging were performed at 4 and 24 hours, and results of scintigraphy were correlated with computed tomography findings. RESULTS: Twelve of 17 scans showed increased uptake in regions of known metastatic disease. There was no apparent correlation with scan positivity and patient age, histology, site of disease, or duration of diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Seventy-one percent of patients with advanced soft-tissue sarcomas had positive scintigraphy scans demonstrating tumor expression of somatostatin receptors subtype 2 in vivo. Imaging with indium-111 pentetreotide could be studied as an adjunct to conventional imaging modalities for assessment of sarcoma patients. Further research is needed to determine the prognostic implications of somatostatin receptor subtype 2 positivity, including larger studies to evaluate any potential correlation with metastatic behavior and other clinical outcomes.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/161. Abdominal calcifications in mesenchymal chondrosarcoma: case report and review of the literature.

    Mesenchymal chondrosarcomas are rare malignant cartilaginous tumors arising either in bones or in extraosseous sites. Their diagnosis is essentially based on medical imaging and pathological analysis. Despite heavy treatment, their prognosis remains extremely poor.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.71428571428571
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/161. Rare presentation of small bowel leiomyosarcoma with liver metastases.

    Intraabdominal sarcomas are rare tumours usually diagnosed at an advanced stage. These lesions at presentation are bulky and symptoms are often related to pressure effects on adjacent organs. This case report describes a rare presentation of a small bowel leiomyosarcoma whose initial presentation was free haemorrhage into the abdominal cavity and concomitant liver metastases. This case report also demonstrates that, even with such a rare presentation, an aggressive surgical approach is indicated in this type of tumour and helps a patient with advanced disease to live a few disease-free months with a good quality of life.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.85714285714286
keywords = sarcoma
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Abdominal Neoplasms'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.