Cases reported "Abdominal Neoplasms"

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1/1062. Late development of umbilical metastasis after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for a gallbladder carcinoma.

    A periumbilical mass developed 47 months after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Pathologic examination of this mass showed features of moderately differentiated papillary adenocarcinoma, similar to that identified within the previously removed early stage (pT1b) gallbladder carcinoma. The cause of this recurrence> at the laparoscope port is unclear. recurrence> after laparoscopic cholecystectomy for gallbladder carcinoma has not been reported previously. We reported a case with late periumbilical tumor seeding at the navel trocar insertion site in a 65-year-old female. A review of the preventative information of tumor recurrence and management is discussed. The use of gasless laparoscopy, slow desufflation, trocar site washout, wound protector and specimen bags are recommended. ( info)

2/1062. neuroblastoma in two siblings supports the role of 1p36 deletion in tumor development.

    Familial neuroblastoma occurs rarely. We studied a family with three children; one of them has a disseminated (stage 4) and another has a localized (stage 2) neuroblastoma. We observed subtelomeric locus D1Z2 (1p36) deletion in both tumors by using double-color fluorescence in situ hybridization. The MYNC gene was found in single copy in both tumors. loss of heterozygosity (LOH) and restriction fragment length polymorphism analyses were performed by using dna from frozen tumor cells and from microdissected tumor areas excised from paraffin-embedded sections. We detected somatic LOH at locus D1S468 (1p36) in a tumor-cell population with a trisomy 1 of the stage-2 patient. neuroblastoma cells of the stage-4 patient were diploid and showed allelic loss at the following loci: D1S172, D1S80, D1S94, D1S243, D1S468, D1S214, D1S241, and D1S164. Haplotype study showed that the siblings inherited the same paternal 1p36-->pter chromosome region by homologous recombination and that, in the two tumors, arm 1p of different chromosomes of maternal origin was damaged. Our results suggest that the siblings inherited the predisposition to neuroblastoma associated with paternal 1p36 region and that tumors developed as a consequence of somatic loss of the maternal 1p36 allele. ( info)

3/1062. Cytology of ascitic fluid in a patient with granulocytic sarcoma (extramedullary myeloid tumor). A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Granulocytic sarcoma (GS) is the rare extramedullary manifestation of acute myeloid leukemia that may precede or be concurrent with leukemic infiltration of bone marrow or herald blastic transformation of a chronic myeloproliferative disorder. It has been found in most body sites and shows no age or sex predilection, necessitating its inclusion in the differential diagnosis of undifferentiated neoplasms. CASE: A 36-year-old female presented with a three-year history of abdominal pain, jaundice and fluctuating abdominal girth. Cytology of the ascitic fluid revealed myeloid cells of eosinophilic lineage at all stages of differentiation, with many undifferentiated cells. Immunohistochemical studies on a cell block confirmed the diagnosis of granulocytic sarcoma, which excluded the differential diagnoses of Hodgkin's disease, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Langerhans histiocytosis. CONCLUSION: Granulocytic sarcoma may present as a serous effusion and can be diagnosed on a cytologic specimen. ( info)

4/1062. Treatment of upper abdominal malignancies with organ cluster procedures.

    Upper abdominal exenteration for upper abdominal malignancies was carried out in 15 patients with removal of the liver, spleen, pancreas, duodendum, all or part of the stomach, proximal jejunum and ascending and transverse colon. Organ replacement was with the liver, pancreas and duodenum plus, in some cases, a short segment of jejunum. Eleven of the 15 patients survived for more than 4 months; 2 died, after 61/2 and 10 months, of recurrent tumor. Of the 9 patients who are surviving after 61/2 to 14 months, recurrent tumor is suspected in only 1 and proven in none. Four patients with sarcomas and carcinoid tumors (2 each) have had no recurrences. The other 5 survivors had duct cell cancers (3 examples), a cholangiocarcinoma (1 example), and a hepatoma (1 example). The experience so far supports further cautious trials with this drastic cancer operation. ( info)

5/1062. Autonomic nerve tumour with skeinoid fibres: ultrastructure of skeinoid fibres examined by quick-freezing and deep-etching method.

    A case of gastrointestinal autonomic nerve tumour with skeinoid fibres (SFs) of the jejunum in a 79-year-old Japanese man, was examined by the quick-freezing and deep-etching (QF-DE) method. The tumour consisted of spindle cells with immunohistochemical reactions for vimentin, NSE and CD34. Electron microscopically, features of the neural cells of the myenteric plexus were observed. The QF-DE method demonstrated intercellular meshwork structures, consisting of thin filaments (7-15 nm), with granular deposits. Fully developed parts of the deposits formed nodular aggregates composed of irregularly surfaced thick fibrils (30-48 nm) with a tendency to linear arrangement (SFs). We detected many interconnecting thin filaments (ICTFs) between the SFs, which were pre-existing components in the meshwork, avoiding the granular deposits. The focal thickening formed by the connection between SFs and ICTFs revealed a periodicity typical of SFs (33-45 nm). We conclude that SFs are formed by decoration of the granular deposits along pre-existing intercellular meshwork structures. ( info)

6/1062. Successful therapy in a child with a congenital peripheral medulloepithelioma and disruption of hindquarter development.

    PURPOSE: Medulloepithelioma is an embryonal multipotential neuroepithelial tumor with a striking potential for divergent differentiation. It is usually intraocular or intracerebral and associated with a good prognosis only if completely surgically excised. Data regarding therapy in children with incompletely resected tumors are limited. PATIENT AND methods: A girl was born with a large, peripheral, congenital medulloepithelioma associated with complete absence of the left hindquarter and anus. Plain film, ultrasonography, and magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated complete absence of the left kidney and hemipelvis. A subtotal resection of the mass and reconstruction of the tumor-related anatomical defects were performed. RESULTS: Pathologic examination showed neuroglia and pseudostratified neuroectoderm diagnostic of medulloepithelioma. She was treated with multiagent chemotherapy including vincristine, cisplatin, cyclophosphamide, carboplatin, and etoposide. She is now 50 months of age and developing normally without recurrent disease. CONCLUSIONS: A child with an incompletely resected congenital peripheral medulloepithelioma who has experienced long-term disease-free survival after treatment with chemotherapy is described. This report supports a role for adjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of children with peripheral medulloepithelioma. ( info)

7/1062. The expanding clinical spectrum of desmoplastic small round-cell tumor: a report of two cases with molecular confirmation.

    desmoplastic small round cell tumor (DSRCT) is an aggressive neoplasm characterized by a consistent histological appearance, a unique immunohistochemical profile, and a specific chromosomal translocation. DSRCT is also hallmarked by distinctive clinical features. Most tumors arise in adolescent or young adult males, present as bulky abdominal masses, and diffusely spread along the peritoneal surface. We report two cases of DSRCT that do not fit this typical profile. One case involved the abdominal cavity of a 76-year-old woman. The other case arose in the parotid of a 22-year-old man. Histologically, the tumors showed the characteristic features of DSRCT. Immunohistochemically, the tumors showed positivity for cytokeratin, desmin, and neuron-specific enolase. Genetically, the tumors expressed the EWS-WT1 chimeric transcript. These two cases expand the differential diagnosis for poorly differentiated small-cell tumors that involve elderly patients or arise in the parotid. Moreover, they challenge the popular notion that DSRCT is a "blastomatous" tumor derived exclusively from the primitive mesothelium. ( info)

8/1062. Burkitt's lymphoma presenting as lower lip paraesthesia in a 24 year old Nigerian. Case report.

    An unusual case of stage D Burkitt's lymphoma in a 24 year old Nigerian female undergraduate is reported. There was a four month history of left lower lip paraesthesia followed three months later by a slowly progressive 'pimple-sized' nodular mandibular swelling arising from the mental foramen region. A full-blown, rapidly developing abdominal mass manifested only three weeks after a biopsy of the mandibular swelling. Aspiration of the latter and a histologic report of the mandibular mass confirmed Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient responded very well to appropriate chemotherapy. Clinicians should not overlook insidious jaw swellings in any adult residing in the endemic zone of Burkitt's lymphoma, in view of the fact that successful therapy is dependent on early diagnosis. Mental nerve paraesthesia is very rarely seen in Burkitt's lymphoma. ( info)

9/1062. Disseminated cystic lymphangiomatosis presenting with acute abdomen: report of a case and review of the literature.

    lymphangioma is an uncommon tumor. Lymphangiomatosis, a benign tumor consisting of a cluster of dilated lymphatic channels, is very unusual. Most lymphangiomatoses are found in the neck and head area. Less than 5% are diagnosed intraabdominally and they are very infrequently encountered in the retroperitoneal area. Herein, we report a rare case of a 32 year-old woman who had disseminated intra-abdominal and retroperitoneal cystic lymphangiomatosis, which presented as acute abdomen. She received exploratory laparotomy due to the suspicion of malignancy, which was finally confirmed as cystic lymphangiomatosis. The clinical manifestations, imaging features, and management of this patient are discussed and compared with previous literature. ( info)

10/1062. A case of intra-abdominal multiple lymphangiomas in an adult in whom the immunological evaluation supported the diagnosis.

    A 60-year-old patient with intra-abdominal lymphangiomatosis is described. He presented with anaemia due to enteric haemorrhage, hypoproteinaemia with heavy hypogammaglobulinaemia and T-cell lymphopenia. Duodenal biopsy showed lymphangiectasia while a small bowel study revealed several filling defects in the terminal ileum. On exploratory laparotomy, numerous inoperable lymphangio-haemangiomata were found, involving the small and large intestine, appendix, mesenterium, gallbladder and main biliary tract. The importance of T-cell lymphopenia and hypogammaglobulinaemia in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal lymphangiomatosis with lymphangiectasia is stressed. ( info)
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