Cases reported "abdominal pain"

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1/1547. "Abdominal crunch"-induced rhabdomyolysis presenting as right upper quadrant pain.

    A young, active duty sailor presented with right upper quadrant abdominal pain. history, physical, and laboratory findings initially suggested cholecystitis or related disease. Further evaluation found myoglobinuria and a recently increased exercise program, leading to the diagnosis of exercise-induced right upper abdominal wall rhabdomyolysis. Although not a common cause of abdominal pain, this diagnosis should be considered in the patient with abdominal pain and a recently increased exercise program, particularly exercises of the abdominal wall such as "abdominal crunches." ( info)

2/1547. takayasu arteritis--a case report of aortic aneurysm.

    Aortic pseudo-aneurysm is a rare manifestation of takayasu arteritis. We present a 16-year-old girl who first complained of multiple arthritis, recurrent abdominal pain and malaise at the age of 15 years. The initial working diagnosis was juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. Follow-up abdominal ultrasonography for her hepatomegaly incidentally revealed an aortic aneurysm. Total aortography showed diffuse aortic narrowing and an infra-renal aortic pseudo-aneurysm. Vascular reconstruction with an interposition Dacron graft was performed with uneventful recovery. Early non-specific presentation of takayasu arteritis often results in delay of diagnosis. The presence of a vascular bruit in a young female with non-specific symptoms should point to a differential diagnosis of takayasu arteritis. We review the role of surgery in the management of this condition. ( info)

3/1547. thrombosis of mitral valve prosthesis presenting as abdominal pain.

    A 67-year-old woman presented with abdominal pain, anemia, and leukocytosis. Five years previously, the patient had undergone mitral valve replacement with a St. Jude bileaflet mechanical prosthesis. After her admission, echocardiography confirmed an immobile leaflet of the prosthetic valve. At urgent surgery, thrombosis and pannus, obstructing the disc, were found, and the mechanical valve was replaced with a bioprosthesis. The incidence of mitral valve thrombosis is low, ranging from 0.1% to 5.7% per patient per year. patients who receive inadequate anticoagulation, particularly with valve prostheses in the mitral position, have an increased risk for thrombus or pannus formation. Presentation varies, from symptoms of congestive heart failure or systemic embolization, to fever or no symptoms. New or worsening symptoms in a patient with a prosthetic heart valve should raise concerns about prosthetic dysfunction. Aggressive investigation and, if indicated, urgent or emergency surgery for treatment can be lifesaving. ( info)

4/1547. Elemental mercury in the appendix: an unusual complication of a Mexican-American folk remedy.

    BACKGROUND: Ingestion of small amounts of elemental mercury is generally thought to be harmless. However, in 4 previously reported cases, ingested mercury became sequestered in the appendix, causing appendicitis in one. We present a case in which elemental mercury was administered as a Mexican-American folk remedy for abdominal pain and became sequestered in the appendix. CASE REPORT: A 10-year-old Hispanic male presented with 3 days of right-sided abdominal pain, diarrhea, fever, and malaise. On admission, his temperature was 41.5 degrees C and he had right abdominal tenderness. urinalysis showed 3 WBCs, 9 RBCs, occasional bacteria, and 1 protein. An abdominal CT scan suggested right focal pyelonephritis, but also showed multiple intraabdominal metallic densities. On further questioning, the family admitted giving him elemental mercury as a remedy for "empacho." He was treated with intravenous ampicillin/sulbactam and gentamicin for a focal pyelonephritis. Because of mercury remaining in the gastrointestinal tract, activated charcoal and sorbitol were given. By hospital day 3, mercury filled the appendix as shown by abdominal radiograph. He was placed in the left lateral decubitus position overnight, and by the next morning, the mercury partially emptied from the appendix. By hospital day 8, his symptoms had resolved and mercury was no longer seen in the appendix. There were only minimal increases in urine mercury levels (18 mg/L). At 5-month follow-up, he has remained asymptomatic. ( info)

5/1547. flour contamination as a source of lead intoxication.

    CASE REPORT: A 43-year-old man was hospitalized because of severe anemia and recurrent bouts of abdominal pain over 20 days. There was no known occupational exposure to toxins. Concomitantly, the patient's father complained of having the same symptoms. Familial lead poisoning was diagnosed when all 6 family members tested had high blood leads (31-64 micrograms/dL). RESULTS: Following detailed examination of the potential sources common to all members of the household, the cause of poisoning was determined to be corn flour containing 38.7 mg/g lead. physicians are reminded to consider lead poisoning in the differential diagnosis of individuals with unexplained symptoms, particularly those of abdominal discomfort and anemia. ( info)

6/1547. Spinal arachnoid cyst with weakness in the limbs and abdominal pain.

    A 7-year-old male admitted with neck rigidity, severe pain in the abdomen, and progressive weakness in the lower limbs was diagnosed as having a spinal intramedullary arachnoid cyst. There was a dramatic and immediate recovery after fenestration of the cyst. ( info)

7/1547. splenic vein aneurysm: is it a surgical indication?

    splenic vein aneurysms are rare and are usually caused by portal hypertension. Symptoms are unusual, but may include rupture or abdominal pain. diagnosis can usually be made either by means of duplex ultrasonography or computed tomography scanning. Treatment varies from noninvasive follow-up to aneurysm excision. We report an expanding splenic vein aneurysm in a young woman with abdominal and back pain and no history of portal hypertension. She was treated with aneurysm excision and splenectomy. ( info)

8/1547. The 'true' splenic wanderer.

    wandering spleen is an unusual entity and remains an elusive clinical diagnosis. Among the modern imaging modalities including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, nuclear scans and ultrasonography, the latter appears to be the least invasive and the most effective in reaching a definitive diagnosis. A patient with 'true' wandering spleen who presented with chronic, intermittent abdominal pain, weight loss and a right lower quadrant mass that was interpreted as a pelvic lymphoma or a primary pelvic malignancy on computed abdominal tomography (CAT) scan is presented. Abdominal ultrasonography conducted a few weeks before the CAT scan showed a normal splenic shadow in the left upper abdomen. ( info)

9/1547. Sclerosing mesenteritis seen clinically as pancreatic pseudotumor: two cases and a review.

    Sclerosing mesenteritis is an uncommon nonneoplastic inflammatory process in the mesentery that is seen as a pseudotumor, usually involving the small bowel mesentery, the mesenteric fat, and less commonly, the mesentery of the large bowel. We report two cases of sclerosing mesenteritis and review the literature on this rare disease. Both patients had pain, profound weight loss, and a mass on computed tomography (CT) scan of the abdomen. The provisional diagnosis was pancreatic neoplasm on the basis of clinical presentation and imaging studies. The diagnosis of sclerosing mesenteritis was established by histologic findings in biopsy material obtained at laparotomy in both cases. Interval histologic studies in one patient who had a high CA 19-9 level, progressive biliary ductal and partial duodenal compression, revealed a transitional histologic pattern from predominant inflammation and fat necrosis to predominant fibrosis. This may explain the varied descriptive terms used in the literature to describe this entity. ( info)

10/1547. hemoperitoneum due to spontaneous rupture of an aneurysm of the left gastroepiploic artery.

    We report the case of a woman, age 65 years, who was admitted to our hospital for intense abdominal pain. Hemoglobin was 9.7 g/100 ml and computed tomography (CT) confirmed the hemorrhagic state showing intraperitoneal blood. After laparotomy a ruptured aneurysm of the left gastroepiploic artery was diagnosed. ligation of the artery was performed with good results. This case is reported because the situs of this aneurysm is very rare. ( info)
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