Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

11/47. Beating heart surgery in a patient with dextrocardia and complete situs inversus.

    We present a 65-year-old female patient with dextrocardia and situs inversus who underwent successful coronary artery bypass without cardiopulmonary bypass. Vessels revascularized included right internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery and a saphenous vein graft to the first obtuse marginal branch. The procedure was performed on a beating heart through a median sternotomy with the use of a compression epicardial stabilizer. The patient was discharged to her home after an uneventful recovery. Only 12 similar cases of myocardial revascularization in patients with dextrocardia have been reported so far, and this is one of the first procedures, in patients with dextrocardia, performed off pump.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

12/47. Medial temporal lobe dysgenesis in Muenke syndrome and hypochondroplasia.

    Hypochondroplasia (HCH) and Muenke syndrome (MS) are caused by mutations on FGFR3 gene. FGFR3 is known to play a role in controlling nervous system development. We describe the clinical and neuroradiological findings of the first two patients, to our knowledge, affected by HCH and MS, respectively, in whom bilateral dysgenesis of the medial temporal lobe structures has been observed. In both patients diagnosis was confirmed by molecular analysis. They were mentally normal and showed similarities in early-onset temporal lobe-related seizures. In both patients EEG recorded bilateral temporal region discharges. MRI detected temporal lobe anomalies with inadequate differentiation between white and gray matter, defective gyri, and abnormally shaped hippocampus.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

13/47. VATER association.

    Baby S began oral feedings on day 8 at 20 ml/kg/day. The infant reached full enteral feedings on day 11 and was subsequently advanced to an ad lib demand schedule. The broviac catheter was removed on day 13. An orthopedic surgeon was consulted to evaluate abnormalities of the upper extremities and hip laxity noted on admission examination. The orthopedic specialist found decreased abduction of the hips bilaterally with no instability and normal range of motion on exam. An ultrasound showed bilateral posterior subluxation with no frank dislocation. The infant was evaluated by a physical therapist and received daily splinting and stretching of the upper extremities, with continued evaluation planned following discharge. When the infant was discharged on day 15, she was breastfeeding on a demand schedule with bottle supplementation and continued to receive ranitidine and metoclopramide. Follow-up was scheduled with the cardiologist, the orthopedic surgeon, and the family physician.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

14/47. Solitary cardiac metastasis of rectal adenocarcinoma.

    Solitary cardiac metastasis is rarely recognized. We report a case of solitary cardiac metastasis from a rectal adenocarcinoma that was manifested as superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome. Invasion of the deep cardiac structures was so severe that only its palliative resection and right atrial reconstruction were performed using a cardiopulmonary bypass to release the SVC obstruction. The postoperative course was uneventful and the patient was discharged home without any complications. Adjuvant chemotherapy could not be performed because of the renal dysfunction. Eleven months later, the patient died from multiple metastasis of adenocarcinoma. Even though the surgery was not curative, it might be effective for release from symptoms and for elongating life expectancy.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

15/47. Focal polymicrogyria, continuous spike-and-wave discharges during slow-wave sleep and Cohen syndrome: a case report.

    Cohen syndrome is a rare genetic disorder consisting of truncal obesity, hypotonia, mental retardation, characteristic facial appearance and ocular anomalies. Other diagnostic clinical features include narrow hands and feet, low growth parameters, neutropenia and chorioretinal dystrophy. Here, we report an 18-year-old male with Cohen syndrome associated with focal polymicrogyria and continuous spike-and-wave discharges during slow-wave sleep.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 5
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

16/47. Infective endocarditis due to staphylococcus aureus involving three cardiac valves. A case study.

    A 20-year-old woman, diagnosed with coarctation of the aorta, situs viscerum inversus, and bicuspid aortic valve, underwent corrective surgery for the coarctation. After a postoperative neurological state that suggested a spinal lesion, corticosteroid therapy was initiated and the patient was discharged early from the unit to begin a motor rehabilitation program. Following the dehiscence of the thoracotomy surgical wound, a severe infective clinical picture, sustained by methicillin-resistant S. Aureus (MRSA), became evident with a diagnosis of bacterial endocarditis involving the aortic, mitral and tricuspid valves and caused the patient's death due to septic shock complicated by ARDS. According to the authors, the early discharge of the patients after such a complex operation, the eccessive lengthening of the steroid therapy that would have contribuited to delay the diagnosis, causing the lack of preventing identification of the first signs of infection and the impossibility for the patient to have another operation (involving 3 valves) are conclusive elements that led to the above mentioned complications.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

17/47. coloboma and other ophthalmologic anomalies in Kabuki syndrome: distinction from charge association.

    Kabuki (Niikawa-Kuroki) syndrome is associated with growth retardation, developmental delay, congenital heart disease, cleft palate, and characteristic facial features. Although the external appearance of the eyes has been well-described, the type and frequency of structural and functional eye anomalies has not been emphasized. We report three children with Kabuki syndrome who also had a retinal coloboma. A diagnosis of CHARGE association was initially suggested in two of the patients before the typical facial features of Kabuki syndrome emerged. A detailed review of reported cases of Kabuki syndrome shows that a variety of eye anomalies are associated with Kabuki syndrome. The incidence of coloboma is greatly increased in Kabuki syndrome. Thus, ophthalmologic abnormalities are frequently associated with Kabuki syndrome, and an ophthalmologic evaluation should be performed for each patient. Phenotypic overlap, including congenital heart, ear, and renal defects, can lead to the diagnosis of CHARGE association, especially since the typical facial features of Kabuki syndrome may not be apparent in early infancy. Thus, Kabuki syndrome should be considered in patients with coloboma if other features consistent with this condition are present, and follow-up evaluations are indicated for establishing the proper diagnosis.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 8.029722682883
keywords = charge association, charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

18/47. Left main coronary artery originating in the right sinus of valsalva.

    A forty-one-year-old male, with no risk factors for coronary artery disease (CAD) and with moderate alcohol intake, was admitted in 1992 to Portalegre Hospital with heart failure due to viral cardiomyopathy. He was re-admitted in 1998 with acute pulmonary edema and was put on mechanical ventilation for 48 hours, and transferred to Pulido Valente Hospital when stable. The physical exam was without abnormalities. ECG showed first degree AV block, left ventricular hypertrophy and 2 mm ST depression in the precordial leads. The echocardiogram revealed left ventricular dilatation and depressed systolic function. coronary angiography showed single-vessel CAD and coronary artery anomaly. dobutamine stress echocardiography was halted due to hypertension, making it impossible to evaluate ischemic response. Holter monitoring showed five-complex ventricular tachycardia. The patient was discharged medicated with amiodarone, with indication for cardiac scintigraphy and electrophysiological study.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

19/47. Bronchoplasty for bronchial stenosis in a neonate: a case report.

    Bronchial stenosis is an uncommon problem in children. Management can be difficult because of the small luminal diameter and proximity of the lung parenchyma to the bronchial lesion. Bronchoplasty procedures have obvious advantages in children because of their long life expectancy. Long-term functional results are superior compared with pneumonectomy because of preserved lung tissue. A premature neonate weighing only 779 g at birth was born with severe respiratory distress syndrome complicated with hyperbillirubinemia and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. The child underwent bronchoplasty using a costal cartilage graft for a right main bronchus stenosis after 2 failed attempts at bronchoscopic dilatations. In spite of all complications, the child improved sufficiently to be discharged without any oxygen dependency. Our case highlights the successful application of bronchoplasty in a very small baby. Preoperative and intraoperative bronchoscopy was helpful in localization of the endobronchial lesion. Understanding the principle, precise attention to technical detail and meticulous postoperative care contribute toward long-term benefit for pulmonary conservation.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)

20/47. Duodenal atresia and gastric antral web. A significant lesson to learn.

    We report the case of a child who had a duodenal atresia and also a gastric-antral web. The two conditions are not known to be associated. The child had a duodenoduodenostomy for the duodenal atresia that had been diagnosed on a "double bubble" appearance at antenatal ultrasound scan. She eventually had a second laparotomy due to persistent gastric outlet obstruction, at which a pyloroplasty was performed and an antral web excised. The child remains well four months after discharge. This case has taught us several salutary lessons, which we consider relevant to share with colleagues.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = charge
(Clic here for more details about this article)
<- Previous || Next ->


Leave a message about 'Abnormalities, Multiple'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.