Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

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11/4461. Defective sexual development in an infant with 46, XY, der(9)t(8;9)(q23.1;p23)mat.

    We report on a male infant with ambiguous genitalia (scrotal hypospadias, sinus urogenitalis) trisomic for 8q23-ter and monosomic for 9p23-ter, who shared craniofacial and other abnormalities with either phenotype. Gonadal histology was nearly normal for age. Normal endocrinological findings and exclusion of mutations in SRY, androgen receptor and alpha-reductase genes point to supplementary gene(s) located in 9p2305-ter, haplo-insufficiency (by deletion) of which is expected to cause defective male morphogenesis. CONCLUSION: This observation lends further support to the hypothesis that genetic factors are located at 9p23-ter which are involved in normal sex determination.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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12/4461. Autosomal dominant secundum atrial septal defect with various cardiac and noncardiac defects: a new midline disorder.

    We report on a Lebanese family in which 12 persons had an atrial septal defect and various cardiac and noncardiac anomalies. Cardiac anomalies are left axis deviation of QRS, right bundle branch block, atrial fibrillation, wolff-parkinson-white syndrome, nodal atrioventricular rhythm, aortic stenosis, pulmonic valve stenosis, mitral stenosis (lutembacher syndrome), and low implantation of the tricuspid valve (Ebstein disease). Noncardiac abnormalities consisted specially of the presence of hypertelorism, cleft lip, and pectus excavatum. This combination appears to constitute a hitherto undescribed autosomal dominant midline disorder of the heart and upper half of the body with almost full penetrance and variable expressivity. The mutation does not map to any known locus involved in atrial septal defect or conduction block.
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ranking = 10
keywords = defect
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13/4461. hypercalciuria and urolithiasis in a case of costello syndrome.

    costello syndrome is characterized by postnatal growth deficiency, mental retardation, curly hair, coarse characteristic face, and loose skin of hands and feet. patients with this syndrome have a high incidence of cardiac involvement, including arrhythmia, atrial septal defect, and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We report a 16-year-old adolescent female with costello syndrome who presents with hypercalciuria and urolithiasis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = defect
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14/4461. Clinical characteristics of charge syndrome.

    charge syndrome, first described by Pagon, was named for its six major clinical features. They are: coloboma of the eye, heart defects, atresia of the choanae, retarded growth and development including CNS anomalies, genital hypoplasia and/or urinary tract anomalies, and ear anomalies and/or hearing loss. We experienced three cases of charge syndrome who displayed ocular coloboma, heart defects, retarded growth and development, and external ear anomalies, and we also review the previously reported literature concerning charge syndrome.
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ranking = 2
keywords = defect
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15/4461. Mutchinick syndrome in a Japanese girl.

    We report on a 7-year-old Japanese girl with Mutchinick syndrome, a rare congenital malformation syndrome described in a pair of Argentinean sisters and a pair of German brothers; both originating from the same geographic region in the former East prussia. The girl we describe had most of the clinical manifestations of the syndrome, including growth and developmental retardation, and craniofacial anomalies with microcephaly, hypertelorism, a broad straight nose, low-set malformed ears, and a wide, tented mouth. She also had the following hitherto undescribed manifestations: ventricular septal defect, palmoplantar hyperkeratosis, bilateral partial soft-tissue syndactyly of second and third toes, and megaloureters. The occurrence of the syndrome in a Japanese girl indicates that the syndrome is not restricted to the descendants of individuals from a confined region in northeastern europe.
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ranking = 2.6912765383019
keywords = congenita, defect
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16/4461. Acromelic frontonasal dysostosis.

    We report on 3 male and 2 female infants with acromelic frontonasal dysostosis. All 5 had a frontonasal malformation of the face and nasal clefting associated with striking symmetrical preaxial polysyndactyly of the feet and variable tibial hypoplasia. In contrast, the upper limbs were normal. This rare variant of frontonasal dysplasia may represent a distinct autosomal-recessive disorder. We suggest that the molecular basis of this condition may be a perturbation of the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) signalling pathway, which plays an important part in the development of the midline central nervous system/craniofacial region and the limbs.
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ranking = 31.334479247604
keywords = dysplasia
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17/4461. The Scheibe cochlea deformity with macrocephaly: a case for single channel implantation.

    An 11-year-old congenitally deaf child with bilateral primitive common cavity (Scheibe type) cochleosaccular dysplasia and benign familial macrocephaly was implanted with an extracochlear single channel device with an ear level speech processor. This paper describes the assessment, findings, dilemmas in decision making, surgical procedure and the favourable outcome after implanting. The relevant literature has been reviewed and our case is presented for the unusual combination of features.
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ranking = 33.025755785906
keywords = dysplasia, congenita
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18/4461. Ophthalmic findings in GAPO syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The main manifestations of GAPO syndrome are growth retardation (G), alopecia (A), pseudoanodontia (P), and optic atrophy (O). CASES: This syndrome has been described in 21 patients from 16 different families. Four cases are from turkey and have been presented by Sayli and Gul. The purpose of our study is to document the cases from turkey and discuss the ophthalmological and neuro-ophthalmolgical findings of these and other reported GAPO cases. OBSERVATIONS: All patients in the literature and our 4 cases have severe growth retardation with delayed bone age in infancy, characteristic facial appearance (high and bossed forehead, midface hypoplasia), alopecia or severe hypotrichosis, and pseudoanodontia. optic atrophy was present in 1 of our cases and in 5 previous cases. glaucoma was present in 5 cases, including 2 of ours. Buphthalmia and keratopathy secondary to glaucoma were also observed. White eyelashes, seen only in our cases, may be a sign of "early senility." CONCLUSIONS: optic atrophy is not a constant finding in GAPO syndrome. glaucoma may accompany the ocular findings. This syndrome has been attributed to either ectodermal dysplasia or the accumulation of extracellular connective tissue matrix, due to an enzyme deficiency involved in its metabolism. Current studies show that an elastin defect and secondary changes in collagen may be important in the pathogenesis of the disease.
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ranking = 220.50803714674
keywords = ectodermal dysplasia, dysplasia, defect
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19/4461. Does the tuberous sclerosis complex include intracranial aneurysms? A case report with a review of the literature.

    BACKGROUND: tuberous sclerosis is a protean, genetically determined disease that may involve any organ or tissue and lead to a great number of symptoms and clinical features. OBJECTIVE: diagnosis can be very difficult in cases with incomplete manifestations (formes fruste) lacking the classic signs of the disease. MATERIALS AND methods: We report a case fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for tuberous sclerosis (shagreen patches, hypomelanotic macules, renal cysts and angiomyolipomas, and "migration tracts" in the cerebral white matter) in association with a giant intracranial aneurysm, but lacking mental retardation, epilepsy and facial angiofibroma. RESULTS: Fourteen other cases of tuberous sclerosis and intracranial aneurysms, all but one without any clear sign of polycystic kidney disease, were found in the literature. CONCLUSION: We suggest that vascular dysplasias in general and aneurysms (mainly intracranial) in particular can be added to the other non-primary diagnostic features for the clinical diagnosis of tuberous sclerosis.
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ranking = 31.334479247604
keywords = dysplasia
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20/4461. Ischio-spinal dysostosis: a previously unrecognised combination of malformations.

    BACKGROUND: Ischial hypoplasia is an extremely rare malformation, both as an isolated anomaly and as a syndromic constituent. OBJECTIVE: To elucidate the clinical and radiological characteristics in five patients with the combination of ischial hypoplasia and spinal malformations. MATERIALS AND methods: The clinical records and radiographs of two females and three males, ranging in age from 3 months to 38 years, were evaluated. RESULTS: Ossification defects of the ischial rami were symmetrical and total in four patients, whereas the right ischial ramus was partly ossified in the other patient. All patients possessed multiple segmental defects of the spine, with rib anomalies of varying severity. One patient characteristically showed multiple rib gaps, resulting in respiratory distress. Severe anomalies of the cervical spine were evident in two patients. Four patients exhibited lumbosacral hypoplasia, which ultimately led to cauda equina syndrome in three older patients. One patient had mild facial dysmorphism and another had a diversity of anomalies, including ichthyosiform skin changes. Four patients were sporadic cases, whereas the other patient was born to consanguineous parents. CONCLUSIONS: The combination of anomalies in these patients constitutes a recognisable pattern of malformations but may represent a heterogeneous group of disorders.
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ranking = 2
keywords = defect
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