Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

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21/497. The split notochord syndrome with dorsal enteric fistula, meningomyelocele and imperforate anus.

    A male infant was referred to our department because of lumbosacral meningomyelocele, dorsal enteric fistula and imperforate anus. The mother had received a parenteral drug containing estradiol benzoate and progesterone for inducing abortion in the first trimester. She also used an anal pomade containing triamcinolone and lidocaine-HCl during the pregnancy for hemorrhoids. Sigmoid end colostomy was performed after meningomyelocele repair. On abdominal exploration a wandering spleen was detected but no other anomalies. Two months later, an abdominoperineal pullthrough was performed, and the patient was discharged well after three weeks. Our case is the sixth that had split notochord syndrome associated with dorsal enteric fistula and imperforate anus. Additionally, penoscrotal transposition and wandering spleen were present in this case. To our knowledge, these associated anomalies have been extremely rare.
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keywords = fistula
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22/497. Cloacal outlet obstruction with an ectopic ureter.

    Cloacal malformation occurs in approximately 1 in 50,000 live female births. Prenatal ultrasound may lead to the diagnosis in selected cases. We report an unusual case of prenatally detected single-system hydronephrosis with a nonvisible bladder and worsening oligohydramnios. Labor was induced at 35 weeks' estimated gestational age. On physical examination, a single perineal opening was noted consistent with cloaca. endoscopy revealed an obstructed ectopic ureter at the level of the sphincter, an undeveloped bladder and vagina, and a fistula to the rectum. A low loop cutaneous ureterostomy and right upper quadrant loop colostomy were performed. The absence of a typical fluid-filled pelvic structure may confound the prenatal diagnosis of cloaca.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fistula
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23/497. Delayed presentation of a congenital recto-vaginal fistula associated with a recto-sigmoid tubular duplication and spinal cord and vertebral anomalies.

    Tubular duplication of the recto-sigmoid colon is a rare entity. Associated anomalies including fistulae to the genitourinary tract may be found. A baby girl was found to have duplication of the recto-sigmoid colon, anomalies of sacral vertebra from S1 to S5, and solitary right kidney. The septum of this duplication was divided using staplers. Because of a history of stool coming from the vagina, a meticulous examination perioperatively was performed, but no fistula could be found. Further extensive investigation failed to show any fistula. At the age of 10 she was operated on for a tethered cord. At age 14, she experienced passage of a small amount of liquid stool per vaginum. A recto-vaginal fistula was found. Via a posterior sagittal incision, the fistula was closed by a transrectal approach. She remained asymptomatic for 16 months until the fistula recurred. Using a perineal approach, a very short fistula between the vagina and the rectum was closed. The closure was reinforced by a vaginal flap. Four months later, she remains without signs of recurrence.
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ranking = 1.8333333333333
keywords = fistula
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24/497. Imperforate anus in Feingold syndrome.

    A father and daughter had the characteristic findings of Feingold syndrome including microcephaly, short palpebral fissures, brachydactyly with clinodactyly of fifth fingers, and bilateral syndactyly of second to third and fourth to fifth toes. The infant presented with long-gap esophageal atresia without fistula (type A). Her father, who had short stature and learning disabilities, had congenital imperforate anus with a recto-vesical fistula. This is the first report of distal intestinal atresia in Feingold syndrome.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = fistula
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25/497. VACTERL with hydrocephalus and isolated tracheo-oesophageal fistula in a first cousin.

    A male infant is described of VACTERL with hydrocephalus where a female first cousin of this child had isolated oesophageal atresia with tracheo-oesophageal fistula. Possibly modes of inheritance are discussed.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = fistula
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26/497. leopard syndrome--report of a variant case.

    This case report presents a patient with leopard syndrome, with multiple lentigines all over the body and face, ocular hypertelorism, delayed secondary sexual characteristics, mild cardiac abnormalities and supernumerary teeth. Clinical relevance of this syndrome lies in its early recognition and precautions to be taken during any invasive dental procedure, which if not performed under antibiotic prophylaxis and premedication, could lead to infective endocarditis. Additionally, a multidisciplinary approach with pediatric and medical consultants is mandatory during the management of such cases.
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ranking = 0.027585884137706
keywords = dental
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27/497. Pyloric atresia: five new cases, a new association, and a review of the literature with guidelines.

    BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pyloric atresia is an uncommon condition occurring in 1 of 100,000 live births. When occurring in isolation, the clinical course usually is uncomplicated after surgical treatment. However, it may occur in association with other congenital abnormalities. The authors present 5 new cases, 3 of associated abnormalities including 1 of esophageal atresia and 2 of agenesis of the gall bladder and malrotation. Agenesis of the gall bladder has not been described previously in combination with pyloric atresia. The literature has been reviewed and guidelines are suggested for the management. methods: The case records of 4 neonates who presented to the author's institution between January 1998 and June 1999 and 1 who presented at another center in 1991 were reviewed. A medline literature search was performed, and guidelines were developed for the management of this condition based on our cases and the literature review. RESULTS: patients 1 and 5 had no associated anomalies. Patient 2 had associated esophageal atresia, tracheoesophageal fistula, atrial septal defect, crossed renal ectopia, malrotation, and absent gall bladder. Patient 3 had a rectovestibular fistula, vaginal atresia, atrial septal defect, malrotation absent gallbladder, and absent extrahepatic portal vein. Patient 4 had epidermolysis bullosa. patients 2 and 5 had unremarkable recoveries, patients 2 and 3 had markedly delayed gastric emptying that responded to cisapride. Patient 3 has portal hypertension and remains under close follow-up. Patient 4 died at 22 days of age of pseudomonas sepsis. CONCLUSIONS: Based on our cases and literature review, we have adopted the following guidelines: (1) All children with pyloric atresia should be screened for multiple anomalies. (2) Delayed gastric emptying should be considered early and may respond to prokinetic agents. (3) association with epidermolysis bullosa should not preclude surgical treatment. (4) A skin biopsy specimen should be taken at the time of surgery for electron microscopy if there is a family history of epidermolysis bullosa.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = fistula
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28/497. Tibial aplasia--VACTERL association, a new syndrome?

    We report on a male infant, born to nonconsanguineous parents, with a vertebral anomaly, cardiac defect, tracheo-oesophageal fistula and hypospadias (VACTERL association) together with bilateral tibial aplasia. This pattern of abnormalities appears to represent a unique syndrome.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = fistula
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29/497. Severe gingival recession in trisomy 18 primary dentition. A clinicopathologic case report of self-inflicted injury associated with mental retardation.

    This clinicopathologic case report documents severe gingival recession in the primary dentition of a trisomy 18 patient. Primary molar and canine teeth exhibited recession extending beyond the midpoint of the buccal aspect of the root, occasionally reaching the root apex. Radiographic examination revealed taurodontism in both primary and permanent teeth. Clinical and histopathologic findings, along with case history, eliminated the possibility of prepubertal periodontitis and suggested a diagnosis of self-inflicted injury associated with mental retardation. Histologic examination of the primary teeth revealed normal cementum and dentin structure. Taurodontism, histologic structure of the dentition, and severe attachment loss in the primary dentition have not been described previously in trisomy 18.
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ranking = 0.095029328805998
keywords = gingival
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30/497. Epiglottic hypoplasia associated with lacrimo-auriculo-dental-digital syndrome.

    We present a case of a young boy with clinical manifestations of lacrimo-auriculo-dental-digital syndrome (LADD) with the additional finding of a hypoplastic epiglottis that caused airway obstruction at birth. We also reviewed the 30 cases of LADD that have been reported since 1967. It is a rare syndrome that includes lacrimal system, aural, digital, and dental anomalies. Our patient has lacrimal duct obstruction, deficient tissue in the inferior portion of the ear pinnae, and a hypoplastic epiglottis with collapse of the supraglottic tissue. Many findings of LADD are recognizable at birth. The clinical spectrum has widened with more case reports. Our patient adds a life-threatening airway abnormality, a hypoplastic epiglottis, to the clinical spectrum of LADD.
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ranking = 0.16551530482624
keywords = dental
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