Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

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11/272. First clinical case of small de novo duplication of 19q (13.3-13.4) confirmed by FISH.

    Partial trisomy of 19q has been reported in only 13 patients, of which all but one have been due to unbalanced translocations. Only one previous report of a de novo duplication of distal 19q has been described in a fetal chorionic villus sample. There was no description of clinical phenotype in this report. We describe the clinical manifestations and cytogenetic analysis in a child with an inverted duplication of 19q 13.3 to 13.4 confirmed by FISH using a chromosome 19 whole chromosome probe. This case represents the first report of a liveborn with "pure" distal trisomy 19q. Findings defining this uncommon aneusomy are a flat facies, down turned mouth, abnormal ears, and a short neck with redundant skin folds.
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12/272. Raine dysplasia: a Brazilian case with a mild radiological involvement.

    We report a preterm male infant, the first child of a young consanguineous couple, whose physical examination revealed craniofacial disproportion with microcephaly, wide fontanelles, exophthalmos, low nasal root and hypoplastic nose, long philtrum, small mouth, high arched and narrow palate, micrognathia, dysplastic, low-set and rounded ears, short neck and, arthrogryposis. Postmortem findings included hypoplastic lungs. Radiological examinations showed mild and localized increased of bone density in the cranial vault and skull base and facial bones and undermodelled in the long bones. The above findings are characteristics of Raine dysplasia but the case reported here presents a mild bone involvement with only a localized bone sclerosis and absence of prenatal fractures. We discuss the possibility that this case represents an allelic mutation of the Raine gene. The consanguinity of the parents reinforces the hypothesis of autosomal recessive inheritance for this entity.
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13/272. The 9p- syndrome.

    Six patients (4 females and 2 males) with terminal deletion of the short arm of chromosome 9 distal to band p22 are described. The disorder constitutes a clinically identifiable syndrome consisting of mental retardation, sociable personality, trigonocephaly, mongoloid eyes, wide flat nasal bridge, anteverted nostrils, long upper lip, short neck, long digits mostly secondary to long middle phalanges, and predominance of whorls on fingers. The findings suggest that the clinical features are antithetical to the trisomy 9p syndrome. The deleted chromosome segment is relatively small and could be easily overlooked. It is hoped that this delineation of clinical features seen in 9,p- patients may help in focusing attention on the small deletion.
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14/272. trisomy iop.

    A stillborn male fetus having a trisomy of the short arm of chromosome No 10 is described. The father is a carrier of the reciprocal translocation 46XY,t(10;21) (10pter leads to 10p11::21p11 leads to 21qter). The clinical picture included growth retardation, bilateral cleft lip and palate, micrognathia, short neck, microphalus and bilateral clubbed feet. The long bones were markedly thinned with spontaneous fractures. autopsy findings included pulmonary hypoplasia and renal dysplasia. Previous reports of trisomy 10 and trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 10 are discussed.
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15/272. The angiocardiographic appearance of the endocardial cushion defect in selected transposition and malposition complexes.

    Although the angiocardiographic features of the endocardial cushion defect (ECD) have been well described in the patient with two normally related ventricles (D-ventricular loop in situs solitus) and normally related great arteries, little attention has been focused on the angiocardiographic appearance of the ECD in patients with complex cardiovascular disease. Because of recent surgical advances in the treatment of single ventricle and double outlet right ventricle complexes, it has become increasingly important to document the status of the atrioventricular valves in these patients. The angiocardiographic features of the ECD are therefore described in two patients, one with D-loop, single left ventricle and outlet chamber, D-transposition of the great arteries, bilateral conus and pulmonary stenosis and the other with dextrocardia, situs inversus, double outlet right ventricle, common atrioventricular canal and pulmonary stenosis. In both patients, the left ventricular outflow tract, despite aortic-mitral discontinuity, is characterized by elongation, scalloping and serration, and the classic appearance of the "gooseneck" deformity is observed on left ventricular angiography. It thus appears that aortic-mitral continuity and two well-formed, normally related ventricles and great arteries are not invariable necessary to the manifestation of the "gooseneck" deformity in the patient with complex cardiovascular disease and associated endocardial cushion defect.
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16/272. Multiple pterygium syndrome: report of one case.

    Multiple pterygium syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disease which is characterized by multiple pterygium across the major joint and other associated anomalies. In this article, we report a male premature infant who was born with bizarre appearance: mask face with low set ear and micrognathia; pterygium of neck, antecubital, popliteal and intercrural area with four extremities flexion contracture. He was thought to be the first case report in taiwan. Besides, we review medical literature about this disease.
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17/272. Autosomal recessive multiple pterygium syndrome: a new variant?

    Multiple pterygium syndromes include at least 15 different entities characterized by multiple pterygia or webs of the skin and multiple congenital anomalies. We describe a female infant who presented with a distinct constellation of multiple anomalies consisting of pterygia of the inguinal, intercrural and popliteal areas, flexion contractures and arthrogryposis of some joints, craniofacial anomalies including ectropion, medial canthal web, blepharophimosis, hypoplasia of nose, oral and nasopharyngeal cavities, vocal cords and tongue, micrognathia, orolabial synechiae secondary to pterygia, low set ears, alopecia, sad and expressionless face, short neck, asymmetric nipples, anal stenosis, rectal polyp, hypoplastic labia majora, complete syndactyly of all fingers and toes, pes equinovarus, bandlike web between feet, and absence of the nails and phalangeal-palmar creases. Radiological examination showed synostosis, absence or hypoplasia of metacarpal, metatarsal and phalangeal bones on feet and hands, and hypoplasia of pelvic bones and scapulae. This pattern of anomalies does not fit entirely any of the known multiple pterygium syndromes. Autosomal recessive inheritance is most likely due to the presence of three similarly affected siblings and normal parents.
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18/272. Ectopic adrenals in a sirenomelic fetus.

    A sirenomelic malformation was diagnosed in a fetus from the first pregnancy of a 25-year-old woman, and it was aborted at the 24th week of gestation. The fetus represented a sympus monopus. The head, organs of the neck, the thorax, and the upper part of abdominal cavity were normally formed. The kidneys, the ureters, the urinary bladder and the urethra were not developed. Adrenals of discoid shape and normal size were present in the normal position. The large bowel ended blindly in the sigmoid colon. Both testes were found in their normal position in the pelvis. Two symmetrical structures, resembling ovaries in shape and colour, were found near the testes. Histological examination established that these two organs were accessory (aberrant) adrenals.
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19/272. Unilateral bowing of long bones and multiple congenital anomalies in a child born to a mother with gestational diabetes.

    We report on a new-born girl with multiple congenital anomalies consisting of major skeletal anomalies restricted to the left side, cleft palate, ventricular and atrial septal defect, retromicrognathia, short neck, dysplastic low-set ears and large birth weight. The left-side bony anomalies include shortening and bowing of the femur and tibia, hypoplasia of the fibula, hip dislocation, clubfoot and mild shortening of the long tubular bones in the left arm with elbow dislocation. The pregnancy was complicated by insulin-dependent gestational diabetes mellitus in the mother. The radiographic features were not consistent with the diagnosis of campomelic dysplasia, kyphomelic dysplasia or other skeletal dysplasias characterized by bowing and shortening of the long bones. To our knowledge, the multiple congenital anomalies, including major skeletal malformations, present in our case have never been simultaneously reported until now. A maternal diabetes syndrome in this infant is probable. The occurrence of major congenital malformations in offspring of women with gestational diabetes is reviewed and discussed. We provide evidence that gestational diabetes mellitus could be teratogenic. We recommend a careful diabetic control in every woman with a history of gestational diabetes.
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20/272. Sprengels deformity: anaesthesia management.

    A 28 years old lady presented with Sprengels deformity and hemivertebrae for Fothergills surgery. Clinically there were no anomalies of the nervous, renal or the cardiovascular systems. She had a short neck and score on modified Mallapati test was grade 2. She was successfully anaesthetised using injection propofol as a total intravenous anaesthetic agent after adequate premedication with injection midazolam and injection pentazocine. Patient had an uneventful intraoperative and postoperative course.
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