Cases reported "Abnormalities, Multiple"

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11/860. trisomy 18 with total cranio-rachischisis and thoraco-abdominoschisis.

    We describe a further case of trisomy 18 with total cranio-rachischisis and radial agenesis, and report the first case with thoraco-abdominoschisis. We review these rare findings in trisomy 18.
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ranking = 1
keywords = trisomy
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12/860. Partial trisomy 13q22-->qter and monosomy 18q21-->qter as a result of familial translocation.

    We report on a patient with a partial trisomy of chromosome 13q22-->qter and partial monosomy of chromosome 18q21-->qter showing distinct malformations. The phenotype of this unbalanced karyotype has not been previously described. The proband had a craniofacial dysmorphism, neck pterygium, closed fists with overlapping fingers, cutaneous appendix of the left fist, equinovarus and postaxial hexadactyly of the feet, atrial septum defect, unilateral cryptorchidism and hypertrophic pyloric stenosis. Using fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) the father's karyotype 46,XY.ish t(13;18)(13pter-->13q22::18q21-->18qter; 18pter-->18q21::13q22-->13qter) and the child's 46,XY.ish der(18)(18pter-->18q21::13q22-->13qter)pat were established. The mother's karyotype was normal. A risk of unbalanced offspring in carriers of a balanced reciprocal translocation depends on the length and genetic constitution of the exchanged segments. risk figures should come only from empirical data. A phenotypically normal child with a balanced or normal karyotype could be born in the case of alternate segregation. amniocentesis should therefore be recommended in any further pregnancy.
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ranking = 3.3002745875536
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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13/860. Partial trisomy 17p detected by spectral karyotyping.

    We report the case of a child with partial trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 17, which was characterized by 24-color spectral karyotyping (SKY) and other fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) methods. The child had phenotypic features previously associated with trisomy 17p, including facial characteristics, developmental delay, postnatal growth retardation, single transverse crease, inguinal hernia, redundant neck skin folds, congenital heart defect, and club foot. This case illustrates the power of SKY for characterizing derivative/marker chromosomes in patients with rare cytogenetic syndromes.
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ranking = 3.8002745875536
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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14/860. CHARGE association-related ocular pathology in a newborn with partial trisomy 19q and partial monosomy 21q, from a maternal translocation (19;21) (q13.1;q22.3).

    We report a novel case of partial trisomy 19q and concomitant partial monosomy 21q, segregated from a maternal translocation (19;21) (q13.1;q22.3), identified by spectral karyotyping. Clinical examination revealed dysmorphic features of the face and limbs, cleft palate, bilateral colobomas with associated bilateral colobomatous optic nerve cysts, hearing loss, and a cardiac anomaly. At autopsy, the dysmorphic features and cleft palate were confirmed. The ocular histopathology is described in detail and the cardiac anomaly was further specified. The combination of phenotype features is diagnostic of the CHARGE (coloboma, heart malformation, atresia choanae, retarded growth and development, and/or CNS anomalies, genital hypoplasia, ear anomalies and/or deafness) association. This case also has some phenotypic features in common with previous cases of partial trisomy 19q. The importance of a complete autopsy in cases with multiple congenital anomalies and/or genetic abnormalities is emphasized. This will allow optimal genetic counseling and contribute to our understanding of developmental biology.
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ranking = 7.8016475253217
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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15/860. prenatal diagnosis of partial trisomy 3p(3p23-->pter) and monosomy 7q(7q36-->qter) in a fetus with microcephaly alobar holoprosencephaly and cyclopia.

    We report the prenatal diagnosis of partial trisomy 3p(3p23-->pter) and monosomy 7q(7q36-->qter) in a fetus with microcephaly, alobar holoprosencephaly and cyclopia. A 26-year-old primigravida woman was referred for genetic counselling at 23 gestational weeks due to sonographic findings of intra-uterine growth retardation and cranio-facial abnormalities. Level II ultrasonograms further demonstrated alobar holoprosencephaly, a proboscis above the eye and a single median orbit consistent with cyclopia. Genetic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization on cells obtained from amniocentesis showed distal 3p trisomy (3p23-->pter) and 7q36 deletion, 46,XX,der(7)t(3;7)(p23;q36), resulting from a paternal t(3;7) reciprocal translocation. The pregnancy was terminated. autopsy further confirmed the presence of arrhinencephaly, agenesis of the corpus callosum and a single ventricle of the brain. The phenotype of this antenatally diagnosed case is compared with those observed in 10 previously reported cases with simultaneous occurrence of partial trisomy 3p and terminal deletion 7q. All cases are associated with severe forms of holoprosencephaly and facial dysmorphism. This delineates an autosomal imbalance syndrome or a dosage effect involving duplication of distal 3p/deficiency of terminal 7q and dysmorphogenesis of the forebrain and mid-face.
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ranking = 8.3016475253217
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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16/860. Proximal 5p trisomy resulting from a marker chromosome implicates band 5p13 in 5p trisomy syndrome.

    We describe an infant with trisomy of (5)(p10p13.1) resulting from a de novo marker chromosome. The marker's origin was identified by chromosome microdissection and reverse in situ hybridization. The clinical findings are compared to those of other partial and complete 5p duplications. This case further defines the critical region of 5p trisomy syndrome to proximal 5p.
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ranking = 5
keywords = trisomy
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17/860. Molecular cytogenetic analysis and clinical findings in a newborn with prenatally diagnosed rec(7)dup(7q)inv(7)(p22q31.3)pat.

    We report prenatal and early postnatal findings in a newborn with a partial trisomy of chromosome 7 (7q31.3-qter), arising from meiotic recombination of a paternal pericentric inversion, inv(7)(p22q31.3). The inversion breakpoints were localized and the regions of duplication and deletion were defined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) analysis using a series of locus-specific and subtelomeric probes. To our knowledge, only three cases involving a recombinant 7 with duplication of 7q have been reported, two of these being first cousins. The clinical findings in our patient included skeletal abnormalities, facial dysmorphism, dilated cerebral ventricles, microretrognathia and short neck. These findings and some aspects of the neonatal course were consistent with the phenotype previously reported for duplication of distal 7q, without associated monosomy for sequences from another chromosome.
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ranking = 1.3002745875536
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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18/860. Blaschkolinear malformation syndrome in complex trisomy-7 mosaicism.

    Results of repeated peripheral blood chromosome studies were normal in a boy with intrauterine growth retardation, short stature, moderate mental retardation, and multiple minor anomalies. At age 9 years it was recognized that the swirls of pigmentation/depigmentation on his trunk, linear streaks on his limbs, and body asymmetry were suggestive of chromosomal mosaicism. Four skin biopsies were obtained under anesthesia during a dental procedure. All showed mosaicism for a normal cell line, a line with an extra chromosome 7, and a cell line with an extra small ring. In one biopsy, there was a fourth cell line with an extra chromosome 7 and the ring. fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) with a chromosome 7 paint confirmed trisomy 7 and the chromosome 7 derivation of the ring. This young man's intra-uterine and postnatal growth retardation is an aneuploidy effect, whereas his asymmetry reflects a mosaicism effect that should have aroused suspicion of tissue-limited mosaicism before the development of obvious Blaschkolinear skin pigmentary dysplasia.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = trisomy
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19/860. 46,XX,der(2)t(2;10)(2pter-->2q37::10p13-->10pter)[127]/45,X,der(2)t(2;10) (2pter-->2q37::10p13-->10pter)[23]. karyotype-phenotype correlation and genetic counselling in complex karyotypes.

    We describe a female child with complex cytogenetic anomalies consisting in partial trisomy of the short arm of chromosome 10, terminal deletion of the long arm of chromosome 2 and--at the same time--a mosaicism for X monosomy. To our knowledge, this is the first case reported in which 10p trisomy is associated to a 2qter deletion. Due to the scarcity of cases reported with pure trisomy, it has not been possible to define the 10p syndrome precisely yet. Comparison of our proband's phenotype to both the 2q37 deletion and 10p trisomy showed more features described in 2q37- subjects than in 10p ones. We also discuss the difficulties of genetic counseling in children with complex aberrations.
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ranking = 2.8002745875536
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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20/860. Characterization of a de novo partial trisomy 22q13-qter in a patient by microFISH.

    Chromosomal microdissection and subsequent application of the generated probe for FISH (microFISH) allowed the characterization of a small extra band found by routine cytogenetic analysis on the short arm of chromosome 19 in a mentally retarded boy with various dysmorphic features. There is no cytogenetically visible loss of chromosome 19 material as verified by hybridization results using a subtelomeric probe for this region and therefore all anomalies found in the patient are most likely due to the partial trisomy of 22q13-qter. The approach used in this study should be generally applicable in comparable cases and allows a fast and straightforward identification of the origin of extra chromosomal material, which otherwise is very laborious or difficult to characterize. Clinical features of this 9-year-old patient such as mental and motor retardation, microcephaly, microphthalmia and hypogenitalism are compared with other cases showing this rare chromosomal aberration.
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ranking = 6.501372937768
keywords = partial trisomy, trisomy
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