Cases reported "abortion, missed"

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1/53. Metastatic trophoblastic disease following partial hydatidiform mole: case report and literature review.

    A patient with a triploid partial hydatidiform who had lung metastasis is presented. Complete response was achieved with methotrexate chemotherapy. A review of the literature revealed only 11 previously reported cases. In many of them clinical data are missing. All had lung metastasis and 1 had in addition a metastasis in the vagina. Only 1 of these patients died of disease. The others responded well to chemotherapy. Metastatic trophoblastic disease following partial mole is very rare but the exact prevalence is not known. Since risk factors for developing metastatic trophoblastic disease subsequent to partial mole are not known, all patients should be followed. ( info)

2/53. Ectopic production and localization of beta-human chorionic gonadotropin in lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the cervix: a case report.

    A 32-year-old woman underwent a suction curettage for missed abortion. The initial serum human chorionic gonadotropin (beta-hCG) level was 40 IU/ml. The histologic examination of the uterine curettage specimen showed scant strips of a poorly differentiated malignant neoplasm and no chorionic villi. The tumor showed strong immunoreactivity for cytokeratin (AE1/AE3) and beta-hCG but no reactivity for human placental lactogen. The combination of histologic appearance, beta-hCG immunoreactivity, and elevation of serum beta-hCG raised a strong suspicion for epithelioid trophoblastic tumor (ETT). Postcurettage serial serum beta-hCG levels remained in the range of 20 to 45 micrograms/ml. Computerized tomographic scan showed a 1.0-cm circumscribed mass in the upper endocervix. A radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy were performed. Gross examination of the hysterectomy specimen likewise showed a well-circumscribed mass in the upper endocervix. Histologic examination revealed an undifferentiated carcinoma accompanied by intense lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. A final diagnosis of lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma (LELC) was rendered. LELC with elevated serum beta-hCG level and immunoreactivity to beta-hCG should be distinguished from ETT in a small endocervical curettage sample. ( info)

3/53. Triploid pregnancy after ICSI of frozen testicular spermatozoa into cryopreserved human oocytes: case report.

    Although freezing oocytes is ethically more acceptable than cryopreservation of embryos, variable oocyte survival, fertilization rate and possible risk of increased ploidy after cryopreservation have precluded the widespread clinical application of oocyte cryopreservation in assisted reproduction techniques. We report a triploid pregnancy from intracytoplasmic sperm injection of recombinant FSH-stimulated frozen/thawed testicular spermatozoa into cryopreserved oocytes in a hormone replacement cycle. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a pregnancy where both gametes have been frozen. It illustrates the need for further research when applying new techniques in assisted reproduction. ( info)

4/53. Abdominal pregnancy presenting as a missed abortion at 16 weeks' gestation.

    We report on an abdominal pregnancy that presented as a missed abortion at 16 weeks' gestation and review the literature on the management of abdominal pregnancy. The clinical presentation of abdominal pregnancy varies, and the diagnosis depends on a high index of suspicion. ultrasonography is useful for early diagnosis of the condition. The management depends on the gestation at presentation; for advanced abdominal pregnancy, surgical intervention is recommended. The treatment of the placenta is a matter of controversy. In general, expectant management is suggested. When the placenta is left behind, the use of prophylactic methrotrexate is not advocated. An awareness of abdominal pregnancy is very important for reducing associated morbidity and mortality. ( info)

5/53. fetus papyraceus: an unusual case with congenital anomaly of the surviving fetus.

    fetus papyraceus is a rare condition occurring in both monochorionic and dichorionic multiple gestations. Assocated with case presented were two interesting and uncommon findings: velamentous insertion of the umbilical cord of the blighted fetus and a congenital abonormality of the surviving fetus. This case is the first known intrauterine monitoring of a pregnancy involving a fetus papyraceus with serial plasma estriol and human placenta lactogen determination. ( info)

6/53. Missed abortion complicated by candida infection in a woman with rested IUD.

    Although candida species are frequent saprophytes of the female genital tract, chorioamnionitis or intrauterine fetal infections are rarely caused by these fungi. The present report describes a 34-year-old woman G2, P2, presenting with vaginal bleeding in the 11.6 weeks of gestation. Clinical and sonographic examination revealed a missed abortion and rested IUD. Histopathologically, a fungal chorioamnionitis due to candida spp. was found at the curetting material, confirmed by detection of C. albicans infection on mycological culture. Foreign intrauterine bodies, like IUD's and cerclage sutures predispose to fungal chorioamnitis or fetal infections. This conditions urge repetetive search for candida spp. to establish early anti-fungal therapy which may be therapeutic for this hithero rare intrauterine infection. ( info)

7/53. Spontaneous conception in the presence of stage IIIC endometrioid ovarian cancer.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a rare case of spontaneous conception in a patient with a preexisting metastatic ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: University hospital. PATIENT(S): A 39-year-old Asian woman who conceived while undergoing an evaluation for primary infertility and newly detected bilateral adnexal masses. INTERVENTION(S): Staging laparotomy and total abdominal hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Anatomic pathology diagnosis. RESULT(S): Blighted ovum and stage IIIC endometrioid adenocarcinoma of ovary. CONCLUSION(S): Metastatic ovarian cancer does not prevent either spontaneous ovulation or spontaneous conception. ( info)

8/53. Amnion rupture sequence in a first trimester missed abortion.

    We report the diagnosis of amnion rupture sequence made by sonography and fetoscopy during the first trimester of gestation in a case of missed abortion. The investigation revealed a demised fetus with the characteristics of 9 weeks of development. The early fetus had an amnion adhesion at the tip of the nose and strands of amnion wrapped around the terminal phalanges of both feet. No defects in addition to the face and limb involvement were identified. The karyotype was normal: 46,XX. In the reported case, fetoscopy allowed confirmation of the sonographic diagnosis of an amnion rupture sequence in the first trimester of gestation and consequently helped to clarify the cause of abortion in this case of early fetal demise. ( info)

9/53. Spontaneous missed abortion caused by ascaris lumbricoides.

    In this report, a case of spontaneous missed abortion caused by ascaris lumbricoides is presented and data from the literature are reviewed, A 26-year-old pregnant woman was presented with abnormal genital bleeding, abdominal pain. ( info)

10/53. Entrapment of viable trophoblastic tissue in a uterine hematoma after surgical evacuation. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: Postevacuation uterine perforation is a common event. early diagnosis and management are important to minimize the associated morbidity and mortality. CASE: A woman presented with persistent vaginal bleeding for two weeks following surgical uterine evacuation for missed abortion at 7 weeks' gestation. She had a persistently elevated serum human chorionic gonadotropin level. ultrasonography revealed a 3-cm, heterogeneous mass with high vascularity at the left anterior uterine fundal region; the endometrial echo was normal. Cornual pregnancy was suspected, and surgical resection was planned. Intraoperatively, a uterine hematoma with evidence of previous uterine perforation was diagnosed. hysterotomy, removal of the hematoma and repair of the uterus were performed. Histologic examination revealed entrapment of trophoblastic tissue in the specimen. The patient had an uneventful recovery. CONCLUSION: Entrapment of trophoblastic tissue in a uterine hematoma is a rare sequel of uterine perforation after evacuation and might be confused with cornual pregnancy. ( info)
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