Cases reported "Abscess"

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1/198. Myelopathy secondary to spinal epidural abscess: case reports and a review.

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare disease with an unknown incidence rate. This paper will illustrate that early diagnosis and rehabilitation may result in improved outcomes for patients with neck or back pain presenting with neurological deficits. Three cases of SEA in individuals without the commonly acknowledged risk factors of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA), invasive procedures, or immunosuppression were seen at our institution during a 10-month period between October 1995 and July 1996. The patients presented with neck or thoracic back pain and progressive neurological deficits without a febrile illness. Predisposing factors were thought to be urinary tract infection with underlying untreated diabetes mellitus in the first case, a history of recurrent skin infection in the second, and alcoholism without a definite source of infection in the third. leukocytosis, elevated sedimentation rate, and confirmatory findings reported on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) led to the diagnosis of SEA in all three cases. Immediate surgical drainage and decompression followed by proper antibiotic treatment and early aggressive rehabilitation led to good functional outcomes. All the individuals became independent in activities of daily living, wheelchair mobility, and bowel and bladder management. Two eventually became ambulatory.
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2/198. Surgical presentation of melioidosis in india.

    BACKGROUND: melioidosis, the disease caused by burkholderia pseudomallei, is common in Southeast asia. It has also been reported from india, where some investigators feel it is under-diagnosed and under-reported. We report our experience with melioidosis presenting as abscesses at unusual sites. methods: All consecutive patients with culture proven B. pseudomallei, who presented to a single surgical unit between 1995 and 1998, were evaluated. RESULTS: Three patients presented with splenic abscesses and one with a soft tissue abscess in the neck. One patient developed septicaemia. All patients responded favourably to ceftazidime and/or co-trimoxazole which was started as soon as the diagnosis was confirmed. CONCLUSION: melioidosis is under-diagnosed in india, probably due to a low index of suspicion of this disease among clinicians. It should be considered as a possibility when abscesses are encountered at unusual sites. The pus must then be cultured to identify the causative agent.
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3/198. Endovascular occlusion of a carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating deep neck space infection in a child. Case report.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare, potentially lethal complication of deep neck space infection. This entity typically occurs following otolaryngological or upper respiratory tract infection. The pseudoaneurysm is heralded by a pulsatile neck mass, Homer's syndrome, lower cranial neuropathies, and/or hemorrhage that may be massive. The recommended treatment includes prompt arterial ligation. The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the cervical ICA complicating a deep neck space infection. A parapharyngeal staphylococcus aureus abscess developed in a previously healthy 6-year-old girl after she experienced pharyngitis. The abscess was drained via an intraoral approach. On postoperative Day 3, the patient developed a pulsatile neck mass, lethargy, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome, and hemoptysis, which resulted in hemorrhagic shock. Treatment included emergency endovascular occlusion of the cervical ICA and postembolization antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. The patient has made an uneventful recovery as of her 18-month follow-up evaluation. Conclusions drawn.from this experience and a review of the literature include the following: 1) mycotic pseudoaneurysms of the carotid arteries have a typical clinical presentation that should enable timely recognition; 2) these lesions occur more commonly in children than in adults; 3) angiography with a view to performing endovascular occlusion should be undertaken promptly; and 4) endovascular occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm is a viable treatment option.
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4/198. Malakoplakia and tuberculosis.

    A 33 year old woman developed a soft mass in the left anterior neck following treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. An incisional biopsy was performed and a cold abscess drained. histology confirmed a diagnosis of tuberculosis. In addition, there were numerous intracellular bodies which resembled the Michaelis-Gutmann bodies of malakoplakia. This case however displayed some atypical histological, histochemical and ultrastructural features, which are highlighted in this report. The mass responded to combination antituberculous treatment.
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5/198. Limitations of imaging for foreign bodies in parapharyngeal abscess and the importance of surgical exploration.

    A rare cause of parapharyngeal abscess in association with a wooden skewer is presented. Despite the use of both ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) scanning as diagnostic tools, the foreign body could not be identified. Only through a meticulous exploration of the neck was the foreign body located. The importance of surgical exploration even with negative imaging is discussed.
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6/198. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis with sternocostoclavicular osteomyelitis and partial thoracic empyema: report of a case.

    We present herein the case of a 50-year-old woman in whom descending necrotizing mediastinitis originating from an anterior neck abscess spread to the left upper bony thorax, resulting in osteomyelitis of the left sternocostoclavicular articulation and left partial thoracic empyema. Transcervical mediastinal irrigation and drainage was performed with aggressive antibiotic therapy, followed by resection of the left sternocostoclavicular joint and debridement of the anterior mediastinum. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course, and her left arm and shoulder mobility was well preserved.
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7/198. liposarcoma involving the periodontal tissues. A case report.

    Liposarcomas constitute 15 to 20% of all soft tissue tumors. They are extremely rare in the head and neck and in the oral cavity. A 30-year-old patient was seen for a soft, painless mass in the right palate. Through panoramic radiography it was possible to observe a radiolucent area with sharp margins in the right upper quadrant. The lesion, after an incisional biopsy, was diagnosed as a "myxoid liposarcoma." The patient underwent a wide excision of the lesion with bone laminectomy and he is well at a 4-year follow-up. The differential diagnosis included salivary gland tumors and palatal abscess.
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8/198. Parapharyngeal abscess due to cat-scratch disease.

    The spectrum of illness attributed to cat-scratch disease (CSD) continues to expand. Although a common cause of cervical adenitis in children, CSD has not been associated as a cause of deep fascial space infections of the head and neck. We describe a child with extensive parapharyngeal adenitis and abscesses due to CSD confirmed by histological and serological evaluations.
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9/198. Supra-sternal notch tuberculous abscess: a report of three cases.

    Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis remains a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge; its clinical presentation can mimic a wide range of pathological conditions. Here we report on 3 female patients who presented with supra-sternal masses that were suspected clinically to be of thyroid origin. By use of fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC), they were proved to be tuberculous lesions involving the pre-tracheal lymph nodes. Serological examination for hiv-I/II was not reactive in the 3 patients. The patients responded well to a regimen of multi-drug therapy. It is concluded that extra-pulmonary tuberculosis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of thyroid or para-thyroid swellings and that FNAC is a simple, quick and reliable procedure in the diagnosis of extra-pulmonary tuberculous lesions involving the neck.
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10/198. Spontaneous resolution of internal jugular vein thrombosis in a salmonella neck abscess patient.

    This article describes a rare case of salmonella neck abscess complicated by internal jugular vein thrombosis in a 51-year-old patient with previously undiagnosed diabetes. The patient was discharged without any complications after a combination of medical and surgical treatment. Also discussed here are the clinical manifestations, imaging findings, and spontaneous resolution of the internal jugular vein thrombosis. Being immunocompromised is a critical predisposing factor for salmonella neck abscess. Patient recovery is largely determined by proper incision, drainage of pus and adequate intravenous antibiotics according to bacterial sensitivity tests. Detection of an internal jugular vein thrombosis does not signify a poor prognosis. Spontaneous resolution of thrombosis is encountered after treating the infection.
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