Cases reported "Abscess"

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1/340. Left leg paralysis in a renal transplant.

    The postoperative course of renal transplant patients is often complicated by opportunistic infection. Up to 4% of posttransplant infections are caused by nocardia species. We present an unusual case of a nocardial spinal cord abscess that caused left leg paralysis.
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keywords = spinal
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2/340. dermoid cyst with dermal sinus tract complicated with spinal subdural abscess.

    Spinal subdural abscess caused by spread of infection with the dermal sinus tract is rare in children. This article reports on a 1-year-old male with prolonged fever, progressive paraplegia, and bowel and bladder dysfunction resulting from a spinal subdural abscess secondary to an infected spinal dermoid cyst with a dermal sinus tract. This is the youngest patient to be reported having this condition. Surgical intervention was performed to find a tumor that had capsule and keratinlike contents. culture of the abscess was positive for escherichia coli and bacteroides vulgatus. He received 6 weeks of parenteral antibiotic treatment. This patient illustrates the importance of urgent radiologic examination, immediate surgical resection, and appropriate antibiotic therapy for spinal subdural abscess.
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ranking = 7
keywords = spinal
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3/340. Paraspinal abscess following facet joint injection.

    Injection to the zygapophysial joint is a procedure which is performed frequently for diagnostic or therapeutic reasons in the management of back pain. It is generally considered to be free of significant complications. We report a patient who developed a paraspinal abscess following a lumbar facet joint injection.
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ranking = 5
keywords = spinal
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4/340. Seminal vesicle abscess due to tuberculosis: role of tissue culture in making the diagnosis.

    Abscess formation involving the seminal vesicle occurs rarely. We report a case of seminal vesicle abscess due to tuberculosis. urine and fluid cultures and histologic examination of the prostate were negative for mycobacteria. The cause of the abscess was confirmed only after tissue cultures were done.
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ranking = 22.030453128358
keywords = tuberculosis
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5/340. Myelopathy secondary to spinal epidural abscess: case reports and a review.

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is a rare disease with an unknown incidence rate. This paper will illustrate that early diagnosis and rehabilitation may result in improved outcomes for patients with neck or back pain presenting with neurological deficits. Three cases of SEA in individuals without the commonly acknowledged risk factors of intravenous drug abuse (IVDA), invasive procedures, or immunosuppression were seen at our institution during a 10-month period between October 1995 and July 1996. The patients presented with neck or thoracic back pain and progressive neurological deficits without a febrile illness. Predisposing factors were thought to be urinary tract infection with underlying untreated diabetes mellitus in the first case, a history of recurrent skin infection in the second, and alcoholism without a definite source of infection in the third. leukocytosis, elevated sedimentation rate, and confirmatory findings reported on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) led to the diagnosis of SEA in all three cases. Immediate surgical drainage and decompression followed by proper antibiotic treatment and early aggressive rehabilitation led to good functional outcomes. All the individuals became independent in activities of daily living, wheelchair mobility, and bowel and bladder management. Two eventually became ambulatory.
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ranking = 4
keywords = spinal
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6/340. Spinal aspergillus abscess in a patient with bronchocentric granulomatosis.

    aspergillus fumigatus hyphae is often found in the lung tissue of patients with bronchocentric granulomatosis (BCG). This organism is believed to be one agent responsible for inciting the hypersensitivity response and subsequent development of the characteristic pathology that defines BCG. The definitive etiology of this disease, however, remains conjectural. Corticosteroids represent the mainstay of therapy. The fungi recovered from patients with BCG are considered noninvasive; thus, the risk of fungal invasion secondary to steroid-induced immunosuppression is believed to be negligible. However, we report a case of spinal aspergillus abscess that developed in a patient with BCG subsequent to steroid therapy. This case also highlights the necessity for aggressive medical and neurosurgical intervention to avert the development of neurological sequelae.
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ranking = 1
keywords = spinal
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7/340. Dumbbell granulomatous abscess of the chest wall following needle biopsy of the pleura.

    A 38-year-old woman who had a Cope needle biopsy of the pleura was treated for plural tuberculosis on the basis of a positive PPD-S skin test and presence of caseating granulomas in the pleural biopsy. Ten months later she developed a tender, subcutaneous nodule in the area of the previous needle biopsy. Surgical exploration revealed a dumbbell abscess through the chest wall communicating with an area of consolidation in the right middle lobe. En bloc surgical resection of the abscess and peripheral portion of the right middle lobe was curative, although all pathologic and cultural studies of the resected tissue were non-diagnostic.
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ranking = 4.4060906256716
keywords = tuberculosis
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8/340. Brucellar spinal epidural abscess.

    Spinal epidural abscesses account for approximately one of every 10, 000 admissions to tertiary hospitals. The midthoracic vertebrae are the most frequently affected, whilst the cervical spine is involved in fewer patients. staphylococcus aureus is identified as the cause in most cases of epidural abscess; other bacteria responsible include gram-negative bacteria, streptococcus species and brucella species. We report the case of a patient with cervical spondylodiscitis at level C4-C5 and an epidural abscess which was compressing the spinal cord and the retropharyngeal space. The previous symptoms of brucellosis were atypical. We discuss the clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of the case.
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ranking = 5
keywords = spinal
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9/340. Intramedullary spinal cord abscess associated with cervical spondylodiskitis and epidural abscess.

    A 50-year-old man presented a cervical vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural abscess due to staphylococcus aureus. There were significant changes in the cervical region, as revealed by CT scan and MRI, leading to the diagnosis of associated intramedullary abscess of the spinal cord, which was confirmed by anatomopathological study.
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ranking = 5
keywords = spinal
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10/340. Anterior cervical spinal epidural abscess in an infant.

    Spinal epidural abscess (SEA) is rare in children, especially in newborns and infants, groups in which only very few cases have been reported. Because of the nonspecificity of presenting symptoms in children the diagnosis may be delayed, resulting in major permanent neurological deficits. In this paper, we report a case of cervical SEA in a 6-week-old infant who initially presented with fever and developed quadriparesis 19 days prior to admission. After emergency anterior decompression of the abscess the neurological function was improved immediately. Five months after surgery the neurological status was normal, an MR study showing disappearance of the epidural abscess and spinal cord indentation, and progressive fusion of the C3, C4 and C5 vertebral bodies. Anterior decompression without bone graft can provide an excellent prognosis in case of an anterior cervical SEA in infants.
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ranking = 5
keywords = spinal
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