Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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1/180. prognosis of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in childhood: prospective study and review of the literature.

    Serial, clinical, clinicopathologic and histologic studies performed simultaneously following onset of PS-AGN in children for a period of up to 144 months revealed no evidence of progression to chronic glomerulonephritis. Although acute morphologic changes were more severe in renal tissue obtained from patients with AGN following streptococcal upper respiratory infection than following pyoderma, the acute manifestations in both groups subsided 6 to 12 weeks after onset. Cumulative morphologic healing occurred in 20% of patients at 24 months, in 43% at 48 months after onset of PS-AGN; 1 patient who was unhealed at 49 months was lost to follow-up. In 2 patients (6%), acute histologic exacerbations without clinical signs occurred within 24 months after onset. Subsequent healing was documented histologically. Addis counts remained abnormal in a high percentage of patients throughout the 12 years of observation and did not correlate with the histologic findings of renal biopsy tissue. The occasional demonstration of renal vascular disease and/or hypertension may merely reflect the early development of spontaneous essential hypertension although the possibility of a relationship to the previous attack of PS-AGN is intriguing. This question cannot be answered at this time. Renal biopsy studies are more dependable than Addis counts in assessing the course of PS-AGN. The significance of persistence of immunofluorescent and/or electron microscopic changes (subepithelial dense deposits) many years after onset in 58% of 12 patients studied, at a time when a majority of patients (84%) revealed healing by light microscopy, remains to be assessed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vascular disease
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2/180. Aortic thrombosis associated with cocaine use: report of two cases.

    cocaine use has been associated with many vascular complications which may involve the carotid, coronary, and renal vascular beds. cocaine may also cause venous thrombosis. This report describes a new entity of cocaine-induced aortic thrombosis. On the basis of clinical findings and response to treatment, a therapeutic algorithm is presented.
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ranking = 3.4777424041922
keywords = vascular complication
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3/180. Peripheral clear cell cholangiocarcinoma: a rare histologic variant.

    We present the case of a 50-year-old diabetic male who underwent open cholecystectomy for acute gangrenous cholecystitis. At the time of exploration, a 1.5-cm mass was found peripherally in the right lobe of his liver, and an incisional biopsy was performed. Microscopic examination revealed a distinct overgrowth of clear cells in an acinar pattern, with tumor cells emerging directly from bile ducts. The tumor cells were periodic acid-Schiff reactive and diastase resistant, indicating the presence of mucin. No bile canaliculi were demonstrated by immunostaining with carcinoembryonic antigen. CT scans of the chest and abdomen were otherwise normal. Based on these microscopic, immunohistochemical, and clinical data, a diagnosis of clear cell cholangiocarcinoma was established. The patient later underwent reexploration and generous hepatic wedge resection. He did well postoperatively and is free of disease after 12 months.
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ranking = 8.0824413948106
keywords = diabetic
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4/180. Complementary role of dual isotope in non-bacteriuric renal infection--a case report.

    To detect non-bacteriuric renal infection in a diabetic patient, though difficult but is very important because early diagnosis and early treatment can prevent later complications such as renal abscess, renal hypertension or even end stage renal disease. Herein, we presented a case of diabetic patient with septicemia whose urine culture and renal ultrasonography were negative initially. By using a combination of dual isotope images and single photon emission computed tomography technique, an infectious lesion in the upper pole of left kidney was revealed, which was identified as acute focal bacterial nephritis by computed tomography four days later. This case report showed that 67Ga plus 99mTc dimercaptosuccinic acid images are useful in patients under clinical suspicion of renal infection, especially for those with negative urine analysis and/or urine culture initially.
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ranking = 16.164882789621
keywords = diabetic
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5/180. Acute acalculous cholecystitis complicated by penetration into the liver after coronary artery bypass grafting.

    BACKGROUND: Perforation or penetration due to acute acalculous cholecystitis is a rare complication after open-heart surgery. The mortality rate of this disease is high. methods: A 71-year-old woman complained of a sudden onset of right upper abdominal pain with development of peritoneal signs at 21 days after coronary artery bypass grafting. Abdominal ultrasonography and laboratory examination performed at 1 day earlier had revealed no abnormalities. Neither anticoagulants nor antiplatelet agents were administered following the bypass operation. An exploratory laparotomy was performed to locate a presumed embolization to the superior mesenteric artery. RESULTS: laparotomy revealed acute acalculous cholecystitis complicated by penetration into the liver, causing a subserosal hematoma. The hematoma had ruptured into the abdominal cavity. A cholecystectomy was performed. The gallbladder wall which was in contact with the liver was necrotic. Most of the gallbladder mucosa was necrotic. Microscopical examination revealed atherosclerosis of the cystic artery which was partially obstructed by thrombus. CONCLUSIONS: Given the atherosclerotic condition of the cystic artery, hypotension during the bypass in combination with postoperative total parenteral nutrition and hypovolemia may have induced the cystic artery thrombosis. Surgeons who manage patients with cardiovascular disease should be aware of this potentially lethal development.
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keywords = vascular disease
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6/180. Acute complications in the operative treatment of isolated ankle fractures in patients with diabetes mellitus.

    Using a computer database, we conducted a retrospective review of all ankle fractures treated at our institution from March 1985 to October 1996. Twenty-one patients with diabetes mellitus and isolated ankle fractures that were treated operatively met all inclusion criteria. Seven had insulin-dependent diabetes, and 14 had non-insulin-dependent diabetes. A randomly selected control group of 46 patients without diabetes who also underwent operative treatment of ankle fractures during this same time period were matched for age, sex, and fracture severity. The complication rate was 43% with 13 complications in nine patients with diabetes. There were seven (15.5%) complications in the control group. Complications in the diabetic group included seven infections (five deep, two superficial) and three losses of fixation. The complications were more severe in our diabetic population, requiring seven additional procedures including two below-knee amputations; a third patient refused an amputation. No additional procedures were required in our control group. All complications in our control group resolved with treatment. The relative risk for postoperative complications in patients with diabetes who sustained ankle fractures that were treated operatively was 2.76 times greater than the control group's (95% confidence interval, 1.57-3.97).
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ranking = 16.164882789621
keywords = diabetic
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7/180. Elevated serum creatine kinase activity in a patient with acute pancreatitis.

    A 62-year-old man presented with a five-day history of a 'flu-like' illness, epigastric pain and a state of increasing confusion. His serum values for amylase and glucose were grossly elevated, as was the creatine kinase (CK) activity, being 23 times above the upper limit of normal. CK-MB was less than 5% of his total CK activity. There was no past history of diabetes or recent history of intramuscular injections or injury. A diagnosis of acute pancreatitis complicated by hyperosmolar non-ketotic (HONK) diabetic pre-coma was made. The patient was treated with intravenous fluids, insulin and subcutaneous heparin. Normal values for serum amylase and CK activity were recorded with convalescence. This case indicates a possible association of a rise in total CK activity with acute pancreatitis complicated by HONK diabetic pre-coma. This observation was made in the absence of clinically evident muscle pathology.
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ranking = 16.164882789621
keywords = diabetic
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8/180. Treatment of acute right coronary artery occlusion during anesthesia.

    PURPOSE: Perioperative coronary artery occlusion is a potentially dangerous complication causing myocardial infarction and circulatory collapse. We report a case showing severe ST segment depression in leads II and V5 during anesthesia. diltiazem and nifedipine, but not nitroglycerine, partially improved the ST changes which were normalized by a percutaneous cardiopulmonary system (PCPS). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 71-yr-old man with cerebrovascular disease was scheduled for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Past medical history included myocardial infarction due to right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion. Both the femoral artery and vein were cannulated percutaneously before operation and the PCPS was prepared as a back-up system. depression of the ST segments in leads V5 and II was observed following heparinization. Although hemodynamic stability was maintained with continuous infusion of catecholamines, the ST changes were not improved by intravenous nitroglycerine. Intravenous diltiazem followed by nasal nifedipine partially improved the ST changes. The changes were normalized after induction of PCPS. No neurological complications were observed. The postoperative coronary angiography confirmed the total occlusion of RCA. CONCLUSION: calcium channel blockers were more effective than nitroglycerine in treating perioperative ST depression. However, none of them produced complete reversal of the ischemic changes which were normalized with PCPS.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vascular disease
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9/180. The many faces of Kawasaki syndrome.

    The clinical challenge lies in recognizing cases not fully meeting the syndrome's diagnostic criteria and those that strongly resemble a variety of infectious and reactive disorders. Prompt treatment with high-dose intravenous immune globulin in combination with aspirin can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of cardiovascular complications.
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ranking = 3.4777424041922
keywords = vascular complication
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10/180. Acute blast crisis with EBV-infected blasts, in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia, and vasculitis.

    Unless they undergo transplantation, all patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) will eventually develop a late phase of acute blast crisis (ABC). Although additional chromosomal abnormalities to the philadelphia (Ph) chromosome may herald ABC in many CML cases, the mechanisms leading to this fatal event are obscure. Viral etiology, including the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has never been implicated in the pathogenesis of ABC in CML. iloprost is an analogue of epoprostenol (prostacyclin; PGI2) commonly used for the treatment of peripheral vascular diseases and acts via inhibition of platelet activation, and by vasodilation. A case of ABC with blasts of undetermined lineage showing EBV infection in a male patient with Ph positive CML is described here. This unusual event developed during a course of treatment with the prostacyclin analogue, iloprost administered for vasculopathic leg ulcers. The proliferating blasts stained positively by immunohistochemistry only for the leukocyte common antigen (LCA/CD-45), and the EBV-latent membrane protein 1 (LMP-1). The only chromosomal abnormality detected by cytogenetic analysis was the conventional Ph-chromosome. It is suggested that ABC in this case of CML, was associated with EBV-activated blasts of undetermined lineage.
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ranking = 1
keywords = vascular disease
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