Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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21/10964. Carotid endarterectomy and intracranial thrombolysis: simultaneous and staged procedures in ischemic stroke.

    PURPOSE: The feasibility and safety of combining carotid surgery and thrombolysis for occlusions of the internal carotid artery (ICA) and the middle cerebral artery (MCA), either as a simultaneous or as a staged procedure in acute ischemic strokes, was studied. methods: A nonrandomized clinical pilot study, which included patients who had severe hemispheric carotid-related ischemic strokes and acute occlusions of the MCA, was performed between January 1994 and January 1998. Exclusion criteria were cerebral coma and major infarction established by means of cerebral computed tomography scan. Clinical outcome was assessed with the modified Rankin scale. RESULTS: Carotid reconstruction and thrombolysis was performed in 14 of 845 patients (1.7%). The ICA was occluded in 11 patients; occlusions of the MCA (mainstem/major branches/distal branch) or the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) were found in 14 patients. In three of the 14 patients, thrombolysis was performed first, followed by carotid enarterectomy (CEA) after clinical improvement (6 to 21 days). In 11 of 14 patients, 0.15 to 1 mIU urokinase was administered intraoperatively, ie, emergency CEA for acute ischemic stroke (n = 5) or surgical reexploration after elective CEA complicated by perioperative intracerebral embolism (n = 6). Thirteen of 14 intracranial embolic occlusions and 10 of 11 ICA occlusions were recanalized successfully (confirmed with angiography or transcranial Doppler studies). Four patients recovered completely (Rankin 0), six patients sustained a minor stroke (Rankin 2/3), two patients had a major stroke (Rankin 4/5), and two patients died. In one patient, hemorrhagic transformation of an ischemic infarction was detectable postoperatively. CONCLUSION: Combining carotid surgery with thrombolysis (simultaneous or staged procedure) offers a new therapeutic approach in the emergency management of an acute carotid-related stroke. Its efficacy should be evaluated in interdisciplinary studies.
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22/10964. Leukocytoclastic vasculitis, hepatitis b, and the risk of endoscopy.

    Leukocytoclastic vasculitis, presenting with palpable purpura, is a relatively common problem encountered by both primary care practitioners and dermatologists. A variety of potential etiologies exists and includes autoimmune, neoplastic, and infectious causes. We report a case of leukocytoclastic vasculitis that led to the diagnosis of acute hepatitis b, perhaps acquired through colonoscopy.
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ranking = 290.25738437432
keywords = hepatitis, b
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23/10964. Lessons to be learned: a case study approach. Primary hyperparathyroidism simulating an acute severe polyneuritis.

    The case is presented of a 65 year old lady with recent onset of neuromuscular manifestations, comprising paraparesis, areflexia and unsteady gait, along with episodes of slurring of speech and diplopia, later confirmed to be due to severe hypercalcaemia--which itself was caused by primary hyperparathyroidism. Restoration of normocalcaemia, by means of rehydration and bisphosphonate therapy, resulted in clinical improvement--whilst subsequent parathyroidectomy was followed by complete resolution of all symptoms. In order to make prompt differentiation between the neurological sequelae of hyperparathyroidism and a primary neurological disorder, a high index of suspicion is required. An urgent serum calcium assay, as part of a bone profile, is mandatory in patients who present with neurological symptoms--especially the elderly, amongst whom hyperparathyroidism is especially common.
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24/10964. Acute inflammatory neuropathy in charcot-marie-tooth disease.

    The authors report an association between acute inflammatory neuropathy and previously undiagnosed Charcot-Marie-Tooth 1A disease in a 15-year-old girl. sural nerve biopsy study showed hypertrophic neuropathy with endoneurial infiltrates of macrophages and lymphocytes. This association may be coincidental, but a particular susceptibility to damage of these peripheral nerves cannot be excluded. This report confirms the importance of pes cavus as a sign of long-standing sensorimotor neuropathy.
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25/10964. A case of acute phlegmonous gastritis successfully treated with antibiotics.

    Acute phlegmonous gastritis is a rare disorder in which bacterial infection occurs in the gastric wall. gastrectomy involving the affected area has been thought to be an effective form of treatment. The authors report a case of a 32-year-old woman who had severe upper abdominal pain without signs of peritoneal irritation. endoscopy showed edematous and reddened gastric mucosa with a mass lesion in the gastric antrum. Endoscopic ultrasonography showed thickening of the antral wall and a low-echoic mass in the gastric antrum, thought to represent a fluid collection. White pus was aspirated from the mass. Localized type of acute phlegmonous gastritis with a gastric abscess was diagnosed. culture of the pus showed streptococcus pneumoniae. Through early diagnosis without laparotomy, the patient's gastritis was successfully treated with antibiotics alone.
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ranking = 0.37037037037037
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26/10964. Sight-threatening acute orbital swelling from peribulbar local anesthesia.

    Severe allergic reactions to peribulbar local anesthesia are extremely rare. A 70-year-old woman presented with acute orbital swelling and optic nerve dysfunction after a peribulbar local anesthetic injection. The patient was treated with acute orbital decompression as well as intravenous antibiotics and methylprednisolone; she made a good recovery. An allergy, probably to lignocaine, was the most likely cause. Urgent recognition and treatment of this condition may prevent potentially serious visual consequences.
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ranking = 0.77777777777778
keywords = b
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27/10964. prognosis of acute poststreptococcal glomerulonephritis in childhood: prospective study and review of the literature.

    Serial, clinical, clinicopathologic and histologic studies performed simultaneously following onset of PS-AGN in children for a period of up to 144 months revealed no evidence of progression to chronic glomerulonephritis. Although acute morphologic changes were more severe in renal tissue obtained from patients with AGN following streptococcal upper respiratory infection than following pyoderma, the acute manifestations in both groups subsided 6 to 12 weeks after onset. Cumulative morphologic healing occurred in 20% of patients at 24 months, in 43% at 48 months after onset of PS-AGN; 1 patient who was unhealed at 49 months was lost to follow-up. In 2 patients (6%), acute histologic exacerbations without clinical signs occurred within 24 months after onset. Subsequent healing was documented histologically. Addis counts remained abnormal in a high percentage of patients throughout the 12 years of observation and did not correlate with the histologic findings of renal biopsy tissue. The occasional demonstration of renal vascular disease and/or hypertension may merely reflect the early development of spontaneous essential hypertension although the possibility of a relationship to the previous attack of PS-AGN is intriguing. This question cannot be answered at this time. Renal biopsy studies are more dependable than Addis counts in assessing the course of PS-AGN. The significance of persistence of immunofluorescent and/or electron microscopic changes (subepithelial dense deposits) many years after onset in 58% of 12 patients studied, at a time when a majority of patients (84%) revealed healing by light microscopy, remains to be assessed.
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28/10964. Acute corneal necrosis after excimer laser keratectomy for hyperopia.

    OBJECTIVE: To describe a new, rare clinical complication after routine excimer laser photorefractive keratectomy to correct hyperopia. DESIGN: Case report with clinicopathologic correlation. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Four weeks after treatment with excimer laser, a perforating keratoplasty was performed for persistent corneal opacities. The corneal button was examined using light and electron microscopy. Special immunohistochemical stains were used to detect apoptosis. RESULTS: The patient developed corneal opacities, endothelial precipitates, and a fibrinous exudate in the anterior chamber after the laser treatment. The changes did not respond to therapy directed against bacteria, fungi, and acanthamoeba. All examinations and special stains were negative for micro-organisms. By light microscopy, an anterior zone of corneal necrosis was present with a moderate amount of acute inflammatory cells. At the interface between necrotic and viable corneal stroma, keratocytes with typical features of apoptosis were detected by immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. CONCLUSION: This is the first full histopathologic report of a case of acute corneal necrosis with signs of apoptosis after excimer laser therapy of the cornea. Surgeons should be aware of this rare but potentially severe complication.
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ranking = 0.40740740740741
keywords = b
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29/10964. Lacrimal gland abscess: two case reports.

    BACKGROUND: Bacterial dacryoadenitis is rare and suppuration leading to abscess formation within the lacrimal gland has been very rarely reported in the antibiotic era. methods: The medical records and investigation results, including computed tomography (CT), of two patients with lacrimal gland abscess were reviewed. RESULTS: Two cases of lacrimal gland abscess, one a 28-year-old male and the other a 64-year-old female, are described. Both demonstrated a characteristic low-density area within an enlarged lacrimal gland on CT. The first case had been treated with antibiotics and the abscess, when drained, was sterile. The second case settled spontaneously. Neither patient suffered any sequelae of dry eye. CONCLUSIONS: Although rare, lacrimal gland abscess may still occur and may require surgical drainage if spontaneous resolution does not occur.
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ranking = 0.51851851851852
keywords = b
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30/10964. superior mesenteric artery syndrome simulating acute pancreatitis: a case report.

    A case of infrapapillary duodenal obstruction secondary to the superior mesenteric artery syndrome is reported. The clinical picture and laboratory data simulated acute pancreatitis but no evidence of pancreatic disease was noted at surgical exploration. A review of the causative factors and treatment of the superior mesenteric artery syndrome is presented along with the differential diagnosis of infrapapillary duodenal obstruction.
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ranking = 0.14814814814815
keywords = b
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