Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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1/235. Systemic candidiasis with candida vasculitis due to candida kruzei in a patient with acute myeloid leukaemia.

    candida kruzei-related systemic infections are increasing in frequency, particularly in patients receiving prophylaxis with antifungal triazoles. A Caucasian male with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukaemia (AML M1) developed severe and persistent fever associated with a micropustular eruption scattered over the trunk and limbs during induction chemotherapy. blood cultures grew candida kruzei, and biopsies of the skin lesions revealed a candida vasculitis. He responded to high doses of liposomal amphotericin b and was discharged well from hospital.
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2/235. Acute herpetic neuralgia and postherpetic neuralgia in the head and neck: response to gabapentin in five cases.

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical presentations and pharmacologic management of three patients with acute herpetic neuralgia (AHN) and two patients with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), confined to the head and neck region, are described. methods: Two patients had pain in the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve, two had pain confined to the C2-C4 dermatomes, and one patient had C2 pain with radiating and referred pain to the second and third divisions of the trigeminal nerve. RESULTS: Gabapentin, an anticonvulsant drug, was effective in treating these patients, including the two cases of AHN. All patients reported complete pain relief after titration with gabapentin up to 1,800 mg/d. The patients noted a dose-dependent decrease in pain almost immediately after starting gabapentin. Specifically, reduction in the frequency and intensity of allodynia, burning pain, shooting pain, and throbbing pain were noted. None of the patients experienced side effects from the drug. CONCLUSIONS: In view of the results in these patients, blinded, controlled studies are needed to determine the efficacy of gabapentin for treating AHN and PHN.
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3/235. pulmonary embolism.

    Despite the difficulty in diagnosis and the detailed care necessary in both the acute and long-term management of the patient with pulmonary embolism, expertise in this area is requisite for the primary care physician who may expect to encounter this problem with moderate frequency among patients in his clinical practice.
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4/235. Paradoxic reaction to lamotrigine in a child with benign focal epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes.

    A girl aged 5 years developed nocturnal seizures (mouth twitching, salivation, anarthria, with right arm jerking and occasional secondary generalisation), with frequent focal sharp waves over the left centrotemporal region in her EEG, suggesting benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS). seizures became diurnal and frequent, not modified by carbamazepine (CBZ) or valproate (VPA) but responding to VPA and lamotrigine (LTG) with recommended dosage schedules for this combination. Her school performance then deteriorated insidiously, with poor memory and concentration, clumsiness, stuttering, and emotional lability. After 4 months, new episodes, < or =10 per day, occurred. These lasted a few seconds; she stared into space, her jaw dropped, her head dropped to the right, and her eyelids flickered. She usually maintained awareness. Attacks were often provoked by blowing or sneezing. Ictal EEG showed anterior-predominant 3/s sharp-slow wave complexes lasting < or =8 s, with bilateral rolandic discharges interictally. Withdrawal of LTG resulted in rapid improvement in cognitive function and gradual remission of the new attacks. CONCLUSIONS: This appears to be a paradoxic reaction to LTG in the setting of BECTS.
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keywords = wave
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5/235. The value of serial auditory brainstem response in patients with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis.

    A total of 98 serial auditory brainstem responses from 17 patients (11 boys and 6 girls) with subacute sclerosing panencephalitis were compared with their clinical course and stages. These patients were exposed to measles early in life (at 1.8 /- 1.4 years old) with the average onset of the disease at 8.8 /- 0.7 years of age. The main abnormalities of their auditory brainstem responses were a prolongation of waves I, III, and V, and of the I to V interpeak interval. Wave V thresholds were also elevated. These effects on the auditory brainstem responses started 1 to 2 years after onset of neurologic signs. I to V interpeak latency became prolonged with the progress of clinical stages, especially in Jabbour's clinically advanced stage IV. In two patients with an acute progressive type of subacute sclerosing panencephalitis, very rapid deterioration with a distorted wave pattern of later components was observed. These findings suggest rostrocaudal progression in the central nervous system of both long-term and fulminant cases.
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6/235. T wave alternans and acute rheumatic myocarditis: a case report.

    T wave alternans is an uncommonly recorded cardiac rhythm. We report here an unusual case of a 13-year-old girl with acute rheumatic carditis and acute nephritis, who developed T wave alternans associated with a prolonged QT interval. These electrocardiographic changes were evident only after the initial acute stage of the disease process and should be borne in mind for patients with acute rheumatic carditis as they may be associated with more malignant arrhythmias.
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7/235. The many faces of Kawasaki syndrome.

    The clinical challenge lies in recognizing cases not fully meeting the syndrome's diagnostic criteria and those that strongly resemble a variety of infectious and reactive disorders. Prompt treatment with high-dose intravenous immune globulin in combination with aspirin can significantly reduce the frequency and severity of cardiovascular complications.
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8/235. Non-Q wave acute myocardial infarction in acute meningococcemia in a 10-year-old girl.

    INTRODUCTION: Children with acute meningococcemia may have impaired myocardial function resulting in low cardiac output despite normal intravascular volume. Severe meningococcal infection has been associated with acute interstitial myocarditis, endocarditis, and pericarditis, but not with myocardial infarction. CASE: We present the case of a 10-year-old girl with positive family history for premature myocardial infarction who sustained an acute myocardial infarction temporally related to meningococcemia. DISCUSSION: This is the first pediatric case of non-Q wave acute myocardial infarction associated with purpura fulminans in meningococcemia. Similarly, the association of high troponin i levels and meningococcemia has not been described previously. Although, the patient's genetic predisposition for myocardial infarction might have been a potential contributing factor, there was no angiographic evidence of coronary artery disease in this patient. Thereby, other factors related to shock, endotoxin, microthrombi of meningococcemia, and their treatment might have been also contributing. We propose possible mechanisms for this rare but serious complication of meningococcemia and review the literature.
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ranking = 7.1413661518548
keywords = wave
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9/235. Acute pancreatitis caused by extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy for bilateral renal pelvic calculi.

    An elderly woman with a history of cholecystectomy and a re-operation for postoperative peritonitis underwent extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) for right and left renal pelvic calculi, 11 x 6 and 12 x 5 mm in size, to which 2400 and 1400 shots at 20 kV were given, respectively, on the same day. During the evening after the operation, the patient started to complain of upper abdominal pain. Laboratory examination on the next day revealed elevations in blood and urine amylase levels and a diagnosis of pancreatitis was made. Conservative treatment, including administration of protease inhibitor, did not improve her symptoms; abdominal distension became marked and she underwent laparotomy. Necrosection and indwelling of several drain tubes in abdomen were performed with an operative diagnosis of acute necrotic pancreatitis. With daily irrigation of drain tubes and treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphyloococcus aureus infection of the lungs and abdominal cavity, septicemia and duodenal fistula, the patient gradually recovered and was discharged on postoperative day 151. It was suggested that ESWL was responsible for the acute pancreatitis. Either an obstruction of the pancreatic duct by fragments of common duct stone, or mechanical injury of the pancreas due to adhesion between the pancreas and surrounding tissue caused by the lapalotomy, was considered as a possible cause of pancreatitis. To our knowledge, there has been no previous report of severe acute pancreatitis and the present case suggests that ESWL may cause severe pancreatic even in cases without stone shadow in the bile, common duct or pancreatic duct.
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10/235. Posterior shoulder dislocation: avoiding a missed diagnosis.

    Posterior shoulder dislocation is a relatively uncommon event, with an incidence of 1% to 4% of all shoulder dislocations. Because of the infrequency of this condition, the diagnosis is often missed, with significant consequences to the patient Injury in the athlete is usually from a direct blow or fall onto an outstretched arm. After such an injury, symptoms may be confused with a shoulder contusion or rotator cuff injury. Significant complications such as chronic posterior dislocation and degenerative disease of the shoulder can occur if the diagnosis is missed. A careful history and physical examination, complete radiographic evaluation, and a high level of suspicion are required to identify posterior shoulder dislocation. Treatment consists of prompt closed reduction, or operative repair if this is unsuccessful.
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