Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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11/736. Acute dysautonomia following mumps.

    Pure acute or subacute dysautonomia is a rare entity. Its etiology is as yet unknown. However, majority of these cases have a preceding viral infection such as herpes simplex, infectious mononucleosis, rubella or coxsackie B. A unique patient in whom acute dysautonomia followed mumps is reported.
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ranking = 1
keywords = infectious mononucleosis, mononucleosis
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12/736. Acute hypernatremia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome in parkinson disease.

    neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by fever, muscle rigidity, and mutism. Some patients with neuroleptic syndrome may have elevated creatine phosphokinase values and abnormal liver aminotransferase values. precipitating factors are important clues for prompt diagnosis. Typical precipitating factors include antipsychotic agents and major tranquilizers. In parkinson disease, drug withdrawal, menstruation, and hyponatremia are precipitating factors. We report a case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a patient with parkinson disease and hypernatremia. In addition, we hypothesized that sudden change of sodium concentrations in the central nervous system could trigger neuroleptic malignant syndrome in patients with parkinson disease. According to our experience, neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a clinical diagnosis and prompt diagnosis avoids unnecessary, expensive work-ups.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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13/736. Immediate tonsillectomy for peritonsillar abscess.

    OBJECTIVE: peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is one of the most common infectious diseases of the head and neck region requiring surgical intervention to relieve symptoms such as severe throat pain, fever, dysphagia, and trismus. However, the appropriate management of PTA is still controversial. In europe and the US, immediate tonsillectomy under general anesthesia has been accepted as the treatment for PTA. But in japan, immediate tonsillectomy has been regarded as contraindicated for PTA because of difficulties encountered in the operation during the acute stage, as well as possible postoperative complications. methods: A total of 103 cases of PTA treated at our clinic during the past 16 years were reviewed; immediate tonsillectomies had been performed in 99 of them. Surgical findings, postoperative course, and bacteriological examination were surveyed. RESULTS: The results showed that immediate tonsillectomy under general anesthesia was carried out safely without complications. Dramatic relief of the symptoms was obtained within a few days following each operation. A high incidence of anaerobes was observed by bacteriological examination, suggesting that sufficient drainage is required to treat this disease. CONCLUSION: We conclude that immediate tonsillectomy should be performed for peritonsillar abscess.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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14/736. Acute aortic valvulitis as an initial presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Valvular involvement in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not uncommon but patients rarely present with it. The mitral valve is most commonly involved. We report a 36-year-old man who had an episode of acute fever, arthritis, and acute aortic insufficiency with a small vegetation at the tip of the aortic valve mimicking infective endocarditis, proven later to be due to SLE. SLE should be considered as one of the uncommon causes of acute aortic insufficiency.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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15/736. thrombosis of a mitral valve prosthesis resulting from staphylococcus epidermidis endocarditis.

    A 70-year-old man with a Duromedics mitral valve prosthesis had two episodes of infective endocarditis caused by enterococcus (1994 and 1996). colonoscopy revealed five polyps. Surgical resection was performed and 2 days later the patient had dyspnea and fever. Because of a suspected valve thrombosis, intravenous heparin was given which resulted in hematic effusion in the Douglas' cul-de-sac. Intravenous heparin was withdrawn but the patient continued to have a worsening dyspnea, hyperthermia and hypotension. The patient was transferred to our Institution in cardiogenic shock. Acute thrombosis of the valve was diagnosed by echocardiography, and the patient died before transesophageal Doppler echocardiography was performed. Post mortem examination revealed mitral valve infective thrombosis. In patients with valvular prostheses, endocarditis is an added thromboembolic risk.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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16/736. Acute aortic insufficiency associated with wegener granulomatosis.

    Cardiac valvular involvement associated with wegener granulomatosis is uncommon. We describe a 17-year-old male adolescent who sought medical attention because of a sore throat, arthralgias, low-grade fever, and fatigue of 3 weeks' duration. A rash was noted on his elbows, hands, and ankles; subsequently, a crusting lesion was noted in his internal nares, and infiltrates were detected on chest radiography. blood cultures were negative for pathogens. An echocardiogram disclosed mild left ventricular enlargement with grade 2 aortic insufficiency, and wegener granulomatosis was diagnosed based on an antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titer of 1:512. When blood cultures are negative for aortic valve endocarditis, a high index of clinical suspicion and antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody testing may lead to the diagnosis of acute aortic insufficiency associated with wegener granulomatosis.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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17/736. Recurrent acute suppurative thyroiditis in a child: case report.

    A 23-month-old girl presented with a history of persistent fever and growing left anterior neck mass following an upper respiratory tract infection. Laboratory studies revealed leukocytosis, elevated levels of the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and c-reactive protein, and a mild impairment of thyroid function. Thyroid scan showed a decreased radioactive iodine uptake of the left thyroid gland. culture of the thyroid aspirate grew the mixed flora, viridans streptococci, prevotella spp, and peptostreptococcus magnus. She was discharged after a surgical drainage and a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. Unfortunately, she was readmitted for the resembling problems, the fever and progressing left anterior neck mass 3 months later. culture of thyroid aspirate also grew the viridans streptococci. She recovered after a 14-day course of penicillin-G therapy. A left pyriform sinus fistula was found by barium esophagogram. A selective operation was performed 8 weeks later.
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ranking = 0.02057429953026
keywords = fever
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18/736. The experience of endoscopic tissue glue injection in the treatment of hepatic sarcoidosis related gastric variceal bleeding: report of a case.

    A case of hepatic sarcoidosis complicated with portal hypertension and gastric variceal bleeding is described. A 53 year-old male suffered from persistent fever and massive hematemesis. Acute gastric variceal bleeding was diagnosed. Endoscopic tissue glue injection stopped this acute episode and ablated the varices after another two sessions of endoscopic tissue glue injection treatment. Subsequent administration of corticosteroids improved the symptoms and liver function. This was probably the first case of hepatic sarcoidosis associated with gastric variceal bleeding which was successfully treated by endoscopic tissue glue injection to be reported.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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19/736. Acute calcific tendinitis in children.

    Acute calcific tendinitis is uncommon in children. Clinical manifestations are similar to those in adults. The abrupt onset, functional impairment, and frequent presence of fever suggest an infection. Radiographic findings establish the diagnosis, obviating the need for further investigations.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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20/736. A probable primary hiv infection associated with acute non-specific myocarditis causing severe dilated cardiomyopathy.

    A patient with a probable primary hiv infection and a biopsy proven non-specific myocarditis is reported. The patient developed a severe dilated cardiomyopathy and initially presented with global heartfailure and fever. The left ventricular function partially recovered. One week after discharge the patient was readmitted in a septic shock and died. Current hypotheses concerning the etiology of left ventricular dysfunction in hiv infection are discussed.
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ranking = 0.01028714976513
keywords = fever
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