Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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11/1012. Acute compartment syndrome of the triceps and deltoid.

    Compartment syndrome is a condition in which the circulation and function of tissues within a closed space are compromised by increased pressure within that space. We report on the rare occurrence of compartment syndrome of the upper arm and deltoid in a professional power-lifter. This case stresses the importance of heightened awareness and expedient measures to prevent ischemic muscle necrosis and nerve injury.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
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12/1012. Extremely acute phenytoin-induced peripheral neuropathy.

    PURPOSE: Peripheral neuropathy is a rare adverse effect associated with phenytoin (PHT), and it usually occurs after the prolonged use of PHT. Acute PHT-induced peripheral neuropathy is extremely rare. methods: An 18-year-old girl was admitted for the control of epilepsy. Just a few hours after the administration of PHT, she complained of distal lower-extremity paresthesia in a stocking distribution and motor weakness: the achilles tendon reflex was absent. RESULTS: Electrophysiological studies revealed slightly reduced sensory-conduction velocity and mild prolongation of distal latency in the lower extremities. After the discontinuation of PHT, these symptoms disappeared gradually, and sensory-conduction velocity and distal latency became normal. CONCLUSIONS: Although it has been reported that peripheral neuropathy occurred after treatment with PHT for a week, there has been no report of a patient such as ours, who developed peripheral neuropathy just a few hours after the initial administration of PHT. The underlying mechanism remains unknown; however, we should pay attention to such extremely acute peripheral neuropathy when using PHT.
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ranking = 433.62250106272
keywords = peripheral, neuropathy, peripheral neuropathy
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13/1012. Acute necrotizing otitis media in an infant: a case report.

    Acute necrotizing otitis media (ANOM), an uncommon but severe form of bacterial otitis media, frequently causes distressing sequelae if not properly diagnosed and treated. A four-month-old female infant initially became ill with intermittent fever, followed by left facial nerve paralysis and left otorrhea four days later. Microscopic examination of the left ear revealed congestion and swelling of the external ear canal, perforation of the eardrum and erosions on the malleus. culture of pus from the otic lesion grew pseudomonas aeruginosa. The patient's condition did not improve despite systemic administration of antibiotics; thus, surgical intervention was arranged. During the operation, near-total perforation of the eardrum, a dislodged incus, cholesteatoma-like matrix around the stapes, and granulation tissue occupying the middle ear and mastoid cavities were noted. Radical mastoidectomy was conducted and pathologic examination of the surgical specimen disclosed necrotic changes in both soft and bony tissues. The patient recovered soon after surgery. Her fever subsided one day after surgery and the patient was discharged in a stable condition 12 days later. However, she still had left facial nerve paralysis six months later.
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ranking = 2
keywords = nerve
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14/1012. Acute measles encephalitis of the delayed type.

    An acute measles encephalitis with epilepsia partialis continua occurred three months after measles in a previously healthy child with no detectable immunological defect. Levels of measles antibodies in serum and cerebrospinal fluid were high, and tubular inclusions of the type seen in subacute sclerosing panencephalitis were found in nerve cell nuclei. A communicating high-pressure hydrocephalus developed in the later stage of the disease. This case demonstrates that measles encephalitis of the delayed type should systematically be considered in children with acute encephalitis.
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ranking = 1
keywords = nerve
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15/1012. Acute neoplastic arterial embolism after pneumonectomy.

    Intra-arterial tumour embolism after pneumonectomy is a known but rare complication. It arises because of tumour involvement of pulmonary veins. Usual outcome of this complication is grave when embolism is to a major vessel. If embolism occurs in a peripheral circulation, timely intervention can avoid significant morbidity. We report a case where embolisation occurred in both the femoral arteries. Emergency embolectomy was done successfully avoiding major complication.
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ranking = 37.001591476
keywords = peripheral
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16/1012. Immunoadsorption plasmapheresis in acute ataxic neuropathy.

    Acute ataxic neuropathy is characterized by sensory ataxia and areflexia. There is no established treatment. We tried immunoadsorption plasmapheresis 15 days after the onset for a 46-year-old woman suffering from this neuropathy. She could not walk even with assistance because of sensory ataxia. A sural nerve biopsy revealed active axonal degeneration and loss of myelinated fibers. We tried 5 sessions of plasmapheresis during 2 weeks. She could walk with assistance 12 days after the beginning of the plasmapheresis treatment. It took 3 months for her to be able to walk over 5 m without assistance, and she had severe sensory ataxia over a 17 month follow-up period. Immunoadsorption plasmapheresis started within 2 weeks after the onset of acute ataxic neuropathy may have beneficial effects if the axonal degeneration is mild. The plasmapheresis, however, should be continued for a longer period. A double blind study is necessary to clarify the effectiveness of this treatment on acute ataxic neuropathy.
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ranking = 66.126946763469
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
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17/1012. Acute quadriplegic myopathy following autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation for breast cancer.

    Autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (APSCT) is increasingly used in the treatment of breast cancer. We report a patient who experienced septic shock, and after treatment with antibiotics, high-dose corticosteroids and mechanical ventilation due to respiratory insufficiency, developed quadriplegia. Electroneurophysiological examination, as well as a muscle biopsy, showed a typical picture of acute quadriplegic myopathy with loss of thick filament proteins. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first reported case of this complication following APSCT.
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ranking = 185.00795738
keywords = peripheral
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18/1012. Acute pulmonary edema associated with placement of waist-high, custom-fit compression stockings.

    Compression stockings are a safe, noninvasive treatment for patients with symptomatic orthostatic hypotension due to autonomic nervous system dysfunction. In this report, we describe a 75-year-old man who had development of pulmonary edema approximately 45 minutes after placement of compression stockings on the first postoperative day following a carotid endarterectomy. No sudden changes were noted on an electrocardiogram or echocardiogram or in the cardiac isoenzymes associated with the pulmonary edema. The patient had a history of coronary artery disease, diabetes mellitus-induced autonomic nervous system dysfunction, and recent surgery near the carotid baroreceptor. All these factors may have limited his ability to compensate for a rapid increase in central blood volume. The temporal relationship of the patient's respiratory distress to the placement of the compression stockings, in the absence of laboratory findings of primary cardiac dysfunction, make stocking-related fluid shift the likely precipitating event in the formation of acute pulmonary edema. This case suggests that compression stockings should be used with caution in patients with limited cardiac reserve.
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ranking = 5.927654110915
keywords = nervous system
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19/1012. Blastic mantle cell leukemia: a previously undescribed form.

    The leukemic phase of mantle cell lymphoma (mantle cell leukemia) is defined as an absolute lymphocyte count of greater than 4,000/microliter and characterized by the presence of relatively small, slightly irregular lymphocytes in the peripheral blood. Although a variant of mantle cell lymphoma with blastic morphsology exists and has been previously well described, a blastic morphologic variant of mantle cell leukemia has not been described. We report such a case in a 74-year-old male who presented with splenic rupture and an elevated white blood cell (WBC) count. The diagnosis was based on flow cytometric immunophenotyping and the cytomorphology of the peripheral blood.
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ranking = 74.003182952
keywords = peripheral
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20/1012. Fatal herpetic hepatitis in adult following short corticotherapy: a case report.

    herpes simplex virus hepatitis (HSV hepatitis) is an uncommon and severe complication of HSV type 1 and HSV type 2 infection. HSV hepatitis affects mostly immunocompromised patients. We report the case of a young man without any previous known immunodeficiency who developed fatal HSV hepatitis in the first 8 days of oral corticotherapy given for ulcerative colitis. A prompt diagnosis was possible because HSV was recovered from peripheral blood leukocytes.
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ranking = 37.001591476
keywords = peripheral
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