Cases reported "Acute Disease"

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21/1012. Peripheral clear cell cholangiocarcinoma: a rare histologic variant.

    We present the case of a 50-year-old diabetic male who underwent open cholecystectomy for acute gangrenous cholecystitis. At the time of exploration, a 1.5-cm mass was found peripherally in the right lobe of his liver, and an incisional biopsy was performed. Microscopic examination revealed a distinct overgrowth of clear cells in an acinar pattern, with tumor cells emerging directly from bile ducts. The tumor cells were periodic acid-Schiff reactive and diastase resistant, indicating the presence of mucin. No bile canaliculi were demonstrated by immunostaining with carcinoembryonic antigen. CT scans of the chest and abdomen were otherwise normal. Based on these microscopic, immunohistochemical, and clinical data, a diagnosis of clear cell cholangiocarcinoma was established. The patient later underwent reexploration and generous hepatic wedge resection. He did well postoperatively and is free of disease after 12 months.
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keywords = peripheral
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22/1012. Acute hypernatremia and neuroleptic malignant syndrome in parkinson disease.

    neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a clinical syndrome characterized by fever, muscle rigidity, and mutism. Some patients with neuroleptic syndrome may have elevated creatine phosphokinase values and abnormal liver aminotransferase values. precipitating factors are important clues for prompt diagnosis. Typical precipitating factors include antipsychotic agents and major tranquilizers. In parkinson disease, drug withdrawal, menstruation, and hyponatremia are precipitating factors. We report a case of neuroleptic malignant syndrome in a patient with parkinson disease and hypernatremia. In addition, we hypothesized that sudden change of sodium concentrations in the central nervous system could trigger neuroleptic malignant syndrome in patients with parkinson disease. According to our experience, neuroleptic malignant syndrome is a clinical diagnosis and prompt diagnosis avoids unnecessary, expensive work-ups.
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ranking = 0.080099988601298
keywords = nervous system
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23/1012. Superior branch palsy of the oculomotor nerve caused by acute sphenoid sinusitis.

    A 52-year-old man presented with unilateral headache for 6 days. physical examination revealed an ipsilateral paresis of the superior division of the oculomotor nerve with chemosis. CT scan of the paranasal sinuses showed ipsilateral sphenoid sinusitis with cavernous sinus involvement. The symptoms were completely improved by medical treatment only.
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ranking = 0.13512932283583
keywords = nerve
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24/1012. Acute varicella zoster with postherpetic hyperhidrosis as the initial presentation of hiv infection.

    A 31-year-old man presented with acute pain in his left arm and hemorrhagic vesicles that followed his left 8th cervical nerve. A diagnosis of herpes zoster was made, and the patient was treated with valacyclovir. He refused testing for antibodies to hiv because he denied being at risk. Two months later he returned with postherpetic neuralgia and postherpetic hyperhidrosis in the distribution of the vesicles, which had since resolved. serology for hiv at this visit was positive, and the patient admitted to having sexual relations with prostitutes. Six months later the patient was being treated with triple antiretroviral therapy, and all signs and symptoms of postherpetic zoster had resolved. This case report documents the need for hiv testing in patients with unusual presentations of herpes zoster even if they initially deny being at risk.
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ranking = 0.027025864567167
keywords = nerve
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25/1012. Acute anaphylaxis following midline catheterisation in a patient with cystic fibrosis.

    A 16 year old male with cystic fibrosis experienced an acute life threatening anaphylactic reaction following the insertion of an Ohmeda Hydrocath(TM) midline peripheral venous catheter. The catheter was immediately withdrawn and treatment with intravenous adrenaline, hydrocortisone, chlorpheniramine, and colloid over a 24 hour period resulted in a gradual resolution of symptoms.
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ranking = 1
keywords = peripheral
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26/1012. Nontraumatic acute spinal subdural hematoma: report of five cases and review of the literature.

    Acute subdural spinal hematoma occurs rarely; however, when it does occur, it may have disastrous consequences. The authors assessed the outcome of surgery for this lesion in relation to causative factors and diagnostic imaging (computerized tomography [CT], CT myelography), as well as eventual preservation of the subarachnoid space. The authors reviewed 106 cases of nontraumatic acute subdural spinal hematoma (101 published cases and five of their own) in terms of cause, diagnosis, treatment, and long-term outcome. Fifty-one patients (49%) were men and 55 (51%) were women. In 70% of patients the spinal segment involved was in the lumbar or thoracolumbar spine. In 57 cases (54%) there was a defect in the hemostatic mechanism. spinal puncture was performed in 50 patients (47%). Late surgical treatment was performed in 59 cases (56%): outcome was good in 25 cases (42%) (in 20 of these patients preoperative neurological evaluation had shown mild deficits or paraparesis, and three patients had presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage [SAH]). The outcome was poor in 34 cases (58%; 23 patients with paraplegia and 11 with SAH). The formation of nontraumatic acute spinal subdural hematomas may result from coagulation abnormalities and iatrogenic causes such as spinal puncture. Their effect on the spinal cord and/or nerve roots may be limited to a mere compressive mechanism when the subarachnoid space is preserved and the hematoma is confined between the dura and the arachnoid. It seems likely that the theory regarding the opening of the dural compartment, verified at the cerebral level, is applicable to the spinal level too. Early surgical treatment is always indicated when the patient's neurological status progressively deteriorates. The best results can be obtained in patients who do not experience SAH. In a few selected patients in whom neurological impairment is minimal, conservative treatment is possible.
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ranking = 0.027025864567167
keywords = nerve
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27/1012. Acute dilated cardiomyopathy and central nervous system toxicity following propranolol intoxication.

    OBJECTIVE: We report a case of a 16-year-old boy who developed central nervous system (CNS) depression and acute dilated cardiomyopathy following ingestion of 3200 mg of propranolol in a suicide attempt. Early echocardiographic findings were the only sign of cardiac toxicity. DESIGN: A case report. SETTING: Pediatric intensive care unit of a teaching hospital. RESULTS: This child developed significant acute dilated cardiomyopathy and severe CNS depression 2 hours after ingesting 3200 mg of propranolol. The child was treated with gastric lavage, activated charcoal, and mechanical ventilation. Following the echocardiographic findings, treatment with isoprenaline hydrochloride and glucagon were given intravenously. Echocardiographic examination 12 hours following treatment showed normal left ventricular size and function. No change in pulse rate or blood pressure was reported on admission and during his hospitalization. DISCUSSION: In the early stages of propranolol and other lipophilic beta-blocker intoxication, severe CNS depression can develop in the absence of clinical signs of cardiac toxicity. Early echocardiographic evaluation is important and may prevent delay in diagnosis and treatment of cardiac toxicity.
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ranking = 0.40049994300649
keywords = nervous system
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28/1012. Acute painful oculomotor nerve paresis caused by pituitary apoplexy--a case report.

    In a typical case of pituitary apoplexy, a patient, who may or may not be known to harbor a pituitary adenoma, suddenly develops a severe headache. The headache may be retro-orbital, frontal, frontotemporal, or diffuse and may be associated with neck stiffness, neck pain, or both. ophthalmoplegia may develop within a few hours after the onset of headache. Here we report a rare case of one middle-aged female with pituitary apoplexy initially presenting with acute onset of pupil-involved third cranial nerve palsy, headache and peri-ocular pain. Emergent neuroimaging revealed pituitary apoplexy and immediate intravenous corticosteroid was given and third nerve paresis was improved thereafter. Definite tumor removal was done smoothly after steroid treatment and complete recovery of ophthalmoplegia was noted 2 weeks after operation.
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ranking = 0.162155187403
keywords = nerve
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29/1012. Reversible pancreatitis, hepatitis, and peripheral polyneuropathy associated with parenteral gold therapy.

    A 63-year-old man with seronegative rheumatoid arthritis developed acute pancreatitis, severe hepatitis, and sensorimotor polyneuropathy after receiving 150 mg of intramuscular aurothioglucose (gold). Positive lymphocyte transformation test to gold indicated a cell mediated hypersensitivity to the drug, while multiple investigations ruled out other underlying causes for his illness. After cessation of gold therapy a complete recovery occurred.
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ranking = 5.1000700268141
keywords = peripheral, neuropathy
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30/1012. Posterior optic nerve infarction after lower lid blepharoplasty.

    We describe a case of acute and total loss of vision after lower lid blepharoplasty. This major complication followed minor cosmetic surgery. magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed posterior segmental infarction of the optic nerve, a finding not previously demonstrated.
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ranking = 0.13512932283583
keywords = nerve
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