Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous"

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1/7. Long-term remission in a patient with metastatic collecting duct carcinoma treated with taxol/carboplatin and surgery.

    Collecting duct carcinoma of the kidney is a rare and aggressive neoplasm of the distal collecting tubules for which there is no established therapy. We describe a young woman with metastatic collecting duct carcinoma who responded to Taxol/carboplatin chemotherapy with an 80% reduction in her tumor burden, including complete regression of lymph node metastases and significant shrinkage of a renal mass. She was rendered free of disease through nephrectomy and has been without a recurrence for 20 months. This suggests that Taxol/carboplatin chemotherapy and surgery should be considered for the treatment of metastatic collecting duct carcinoma.
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2/7. Sinonasal tract seromucous adenocarcinomas: a report of 12 cases.

    Sinonasal seromucous adenocarcinomas may originate from the surface epithelium or from the submucosal glands. We reviewed the clinicopathologic material from 12 patients with sinonasal tract seromucous adenocarcinomas at the University of texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center (Houston, TX). There were nine men and three women age 30 to 87 years (mean age, 56.3 years). The clinical presentation included nasal obstruction, nasal mass, and epistaxis. Eight tumors were located in the nasal cavity, three in the ethmoidal sinuses, and one involved the nasal cavity and ethmoid. Histologically, in nine cases the neoplastic glands were lined by a single cell type, arranged back to back without intervening stroma and often inducing desmoplastic reaction. The remaining three tumors also had a cribriform and papillary pattern. All patients were treated by surgical resection. Three patients had recurrences, which occurred at 36, 36, and 48 months after initial therapy. Their treatment involved surgery and irradiation. Eleven patients are alive and free of disease at 36 to 108 months after diagnosis. One patient died 48 months after diagnosis of another cause. Sinonasal tract seromucous adenocarcinomas arise purely from submucosal seromucous glands. The diagnosis is facilitated by their anatomic location, the absence of tumor within the mucosal surface epithelium, and the striking similarity to terminal tubules of the seromucous glands.
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3/7. Mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma of the kidney with neuroendocrine differentiation: report of two cases.

    We encountered 2 cases of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC) during a short time. In a 61-year-old man who had macroscopic hematuria for 1 month, the 14.5 x 14.0 x 12.0-cm resected tumor involved the right middle aspect of the renal parenchyma and compressed the renal pelvis. In an asymptomatic 47-year-old man, a renal tumor was found during an annual physical examination. The 3.5 x 3.0 x 2.0-cm tumor was located at the upper pole of the right kidney. The histologic findings in both cases were similar Tumors consisted of tightly packed, small, elongated tubules separated by pale mucinous stroma. The tumor cells were cuboidal to spindled with eosinophilic cytoplasm and low nuclear grade. Mitoses were few or nonexistent and without abnormal figures. Both tumors were immunoreactive for cytokeratin (CK) cocktail (AE1/AE3), high-molecular-weight CK (34betaE12), low-molecular-weight CK (35betaH11), CK7, epithelial membrane antigen, E-cadherin, and vimentin. The tumor cells also were reactive for neuron-specific enolase, chromogranin, and synaptophysin. The ultrastructure of the tumor cells contained abundant mitochondria, junctional complex, and dense-core neurosecretory granules. We present 2 additional cases of MTSCC showing typical morphologic features with neuroendocrine differentiation.
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4/7. Mucinous neoplasm in the cervix associated with a mucinous neoplasm in the ovary and concurrent bilateral sex cord tumors with annular tubules: immunohistochemical study.

    The patient described synchronous mucinous tumors of the cervix and ovary and concurrent annular tubules, but without the classical stigmata of peutz-jeghers syndrome. The cervical tumor was an invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma with mixed components of minimal deviation and less-well-differentiated endometrioid morphology. The ovarian tumor had the benign appearance of a mucinous adenoma but histologically revealed areas of invasive carcinoma. Immunohistochemical studies of the mucinous neoplasms of the cervix and ovary are discussed. Neither the staining properties of mucin, the pattern of immunostaining for carcinoembryonic antigen, nor any other common markers were helpful in distinguishing the mucinous neoplasms. Positive immunostaining for low-molecular-weight cytokeratin in the filament profile of sex cord tumors with annular tubules was of particular interest since it has not to our knowledge been previously described.
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keywords = tubule
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5/7. Primary mucinous carcinoid tumor of the ovary. A case report.

    A case of primary ovarian mucinous carcinoid tumor in a 36-year-old woman is described. The tumor was present in the wall of a mature teratoma and microscopically showed tubules and glands containing goblet cells interspersed among columnar to cuboidal cells with uniform round nuclei and granular cytoplasm. The cytoplasm of the tumor cells contained argyrophil granules on Grimelius stains. Immunohistochemical stains utilizing antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen, chromogranin, and pancreatic polypeptide were positive. Although primary mucinous carcinoid tumors are generally believed to exhibit more aggressive behavior than other categories of carcinoid tumors, the patient was treated conservatively with a right salpingo-oophorectomy and remains well 3 years later, suggesting that unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy and careful follow-up are adequate therapy in a young woman when the tumor is confined to the ovary.
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6/7. Disseminated cervical adenoma malignum and bilateral ovarian sex cord tumors with annular tubules associated with peutz-jeghers syndrome.

    adenoma malignum is a highly differentiated mucinous adenocarcinoma of the cervix with a deceptively innocent histologic appearance but a highly aggressive behavior. We describe a patient who had adenoma malignum associated with peutz-jeghers syndrome (PJS) and bilateral ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules (SCTAT). The relatively frequent occurrence of cervical adenoma malignum in women with PJS warrants close surveillance by gynecologists for early detection and treatment of this cancer. We report the 16th known case of PJS with adenoma malignum and only the 8th known case of PJS with adenoma malignum and bilateral SCTAT. The highly aggressive nature of cervical adenoma malignum is exemplified, and the difficulties associated with early diagnosis are discussed. The clinical significance of cervical and ovarian tumors associated with PJS is reviewed.
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keywords = tubule
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7/7. Mucinous adenocarcinoma of urinary bladder type arising from the prostatic urethra. Distinction from mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

    We describe two cases of mucinous adenocarcinomas involving and confined to the prostate and originating from the prostatic urethra. These cases were identical to adenocarcinomas arising within the urinary bladder and differed from mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate. In both cases, an in situ adenocarcinoma component was identified in the overlying prostatic urethra. In one case the in situ adenocarcinoma arose in a villous adenoma of the urethra. Both cases contained lakes of mucin lined by tall columnar epithelium with varying degrees of cytologic atypia, and one case had mucin-positive signet cells. In contrast, mucinous adenocarcinomas of the prostate demonstrate tubules and cribriform glands floating within mucin; mucin-positive signet cells are rare. Both tumors were negative immunohistochemically for prostate-specific antigen and prostate-specific acid phosphatase and positive for carcinoembryonic antigen. One case was treated by radical prostatectomy, and the patient was without evidence of disease with short follow-up. Following simple prostatectomy, the other patient did not undergo definitive therapy for several years, at which point the tumor had progressed locally to an advanced stage. In terms of therapy, the distinction between mucinous adenocarcinoma or urinary bladder-type arising in the prostate depicted within the current study and mucinous adenocarcinoma of the prostate is significant.
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