Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma, Sebaceous"

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1/72. A case of multiple sebaceous epithelioma: analysis of microsatellite instability.

    Sebaceous gland tumor is a rare disease that is a sign of muir-torre syndrome, an autosomal, dominantly inherited genodermatosis characterized by the presence of at least one sebaceous gland tumor and a minimum of one internal malignancy. Recent studies have indicated that defective dna mismatch repair occurs in muir-torre syndrome. Cutaneous lesions may occur before diagnosis of the internal cancer. We describe a 64-year-old male patient with multiple sebaceous epitheliomas with no evident internal malignancy. microsatellite instability, determined by examining dinucleotide CA repeats at the microsatellite loci, was observed in DNA from one sebaceous epithelioma but not from the other two sebaceous epitheliomas or from one basal cell epithelioma with sebaceous differentiation, suggesting that this condition is unlikely to be due to germ-line mutation of mismatch repair genes. ( info)

2/72. Sebaceous carcinoma presenting as a unilateral papillary conjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To describe a previously unreported presentation of sebaceous carcinoma, an aggressive tumor that often presents insidiously with minimal symptoms and nonspecific signs. methods: We report a 71-year-old man who presented with unilateral ocular irritation and ipsilateral, idiopathic, papillary changes of the superior palpebral conjunctiva. The patient underwent incisional biopsy of the palpebral conjunctiva followed by full-thickness excision of the involved eyelid. RESULT: Histopathologic examination established the diagnosis of sebaceous carcinoma. CONCLUSION: Unexplained asymmetric, papillary changes of the palpebral conjunctiva should arouse suspicion of sebaceous carcinoma. ( info)

3/72. Ocular surface neoplasia masquerading as chronic blepharoconjunctivitis.

    PURPOSE: To present the clinical characteristics and difficulties in the diagnosis of various ocular surface malignancies mimicking features of chronic blepharoconjunctivitis and to summarize the current therapeutic approach and prognosis of patients. methods: Six patients with slowly evolving signs of persistent inflammation underwent a conjunctival biopsy after a prolonged course of medical treatment. The medical records of the patients were reviewed. RESULTS: Histopathologic examination of the biopsy specimens revealed intraepithelial squamous neoplasia (one patient), invasive squamous cell carcinoma (one patient), sebaceous carcinoma (two patients), and conjunctival lymphoma (two patients). CONCLUSION: Although uncommon, ocular surface malignancies may involve the conjunctiva diffusely and present as chronic conjunctivitis. A high index of suspicion and an early histopathologic examination are essential to not delay diagnosis. ( info)

4/72. Cytologic features of metastatic sebaceous carcinoma: report of two cases with comparison to three cases of basal cell carcinoma.

    The cytologic findings of two cases of metastatic sebaceous carcinoma are described and compared to three cases of locally recurrent basal cell carcinoma. Morphological findings for sebaceous carcinoma in fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) smears included cellular, loosely cohesive cell clusters with central necrosis, squamous pearl formation, and adjacent keratin debris. The tumor cells had moderate amounts of vacuolated cytoplasm, round to oval vesicular nuclei with clumped chromatin, nucleoli, some nuclear overlap, and numerous mitotic figures. An interesting finding was the presence of numerous multinucleated giant cells, probably responding to extravasated lipid or keratin material. In contrast, the FNAB smears of basal cell carcinoma typically were less cellular, with more tightly cohesive and smaller clusters of uniform hyperchromatic basaloid cells with high nuclear to cytoplasmic ratios, and a narrow rim of cytoplasm without vacuolization. The morphologic features of sebaceous carcinoma in FNAB smears appear to be distinct from those of basal cell carcinoma. FNAB can be a useful preoperative diagnostic technique to distinguish these two cutaneous malignancies. ( info)

5/72. Rapidly invading sebaceous carcinoma of the external auditory canal.

    A very rare case of a sebaceous carcinoma of the external auditory canal with basal cell differentiation is presented. Fewer than 400 cases affecting any part of the body have so far been reported and of that only seven cases have been known to involve the external auditory canal. The clinical features, pathology and treatment are described and the relevant literature has been reviewed. ( info)

6/72. Sebaceous carcinoma of the breast.

    We report on a rare distinctive variant of infiltrating ductal carcinoma characterized by sebaceous differentiation of tumor cells. The neoplasm was identified in a lumpectomy specimen from a 45-year-old woman with extensive metastatic disease. In addition to conventional in situ and invasive ductal components, approximately half of the tumor cells exhibited a phenotype resembling tumors of the sebaceous skin appendage with coarsely vacuolated cytoplasm and peripherally displaced nuclei. The sebaceous moiety was also present in the distant metastatic deposits. There was no evidence of mucin production by tumor cells. Ultrastructurally, empty-appearing non-membrane bound vacuoles attested to the sebaceous cells' lipid content. The immunoprofile of the lesion included positivity for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen. vimentin, S100 protein and carcinoembryonic antigen were not expressed. Most tumor cell nuclei reacted with antibodies to oestrogen and progesterone receptors but failed to show overexpression of the HER2/neu protein. The MIB-1 labeling index averaged 16%. At variance with sebaceous breast carcinomas on record, the present case is notable for its prolonged clinical course. ( info)

7/72. Sebaceous cell carcinoma of the eyelid and the human immunodeficiency virus.

    PURPOSE: patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) are at increased risk for developing malignancies, which are acquired at a younger age and are more aggressive. Sebaceous cell carcinoma is a rare eyelid tumor typically occurring in the seventh decade of life. We report two cases of sebaceous cell carcinoma in young hiv-infected patients. methods: Case series and review of the literature. We describe two hiv-infected patients with sebaceous cell carcinoma of the eyelid and caruncle. The first patient was a 36-year-old woman with a 9-month history of an enlarging right lower eyelid mass. The second patient was a 34-year-old man with a 6-month history of an enlarging right caruncular mass. RESULTS: biopsy showed both masses to be sebaceous cell carcinoma. The first patient underwent Mohs' micrographic excision of the lesion followed by reconstruction of the full-thickness eyelid defect with a combination of tarsoconjunctival and myocutaneous advancement flaps. The second patient underwent exenteration because of orbital involvement. CONCLUSION: Sebaceous cell carcinoma should be considered for any suspicious eyelid lesion in young hiv-infected patients. ( info)

8/72. radiation therapy for local control of eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: Because of previous reports of increased rate of recurrence and mortality after radiation therapy, eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma has been considered radioresistant. Recent reports of success with primary radiation therapy have been attributed to advancements in irradiating technology and technique. Two cases of eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma successfully treated with radiation therapy are reported. The techniques used are compared with the techniques described in previous reports, and factors favoring successful treatment are reevaluated. methods: Case series and review of the literature. Two cases of eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma that underwent radiation therapy are described. Both patients were offered, but refused, surgical excision. One patient received 69 Gy combined superficial and megavoltage x-ray irradiation to the left lower eyelid. The second patient received 59 Gy megavoltage electron beam irradiation to the right upper eyelid. A review of the literature was performed, and Fisher's exact test analysis was used to compare the results of all reported cases treated with < or =55 Gy with those treated with >55 Gy. RESULTS: In both cases, the tumor responded to radiation therapy. One patient died 39 months after treatment, of myocardial infarction. The second patient is without clinical evidence of tumor recurrence 46 months after treatment. Fisher's exact test showed an advantage to patients treated with >55 Gy radiation (p = 0.05). CONCLUSION: radiation therapy with an appropriate delivery system is effective as a curative treatment for eyelid sebaceous cell carcinoma when >55 Gy of radiation dose is delivered. It should be considered for patients seeking an alternative to surgical excision. ( info)

9/72. Sebaceous carcinoma arising on actinic keratosis.

    We report two cases of sebaceous carcinoma arising on actinic keratosis. The first patient, a 75-year-old female, had a granuloma pyogenicum-like tumor on her left temple, and the second patient, an 81-year-old female, developed a tumor with erythema on her left cheek. In both cases, histopathological examination revealed findings typical of sebaceous carcinoma in the center of the tumors, and in the periphery, actinic elastosis and intraepidermal proliferation of squamoid atypical cells without vacuolation was observed. Immunohistochemical examinations using six antibodies also revealed that neoplastic cells of both cases demonstrated sebaceous differentiation. These cases suggest that extraocular sebaceous carcinoma may arise from actinic keratosis. ( info)

10/72. Sebaceous carcinoma with apocrine differentiation.

    A 54-year-old male had a dome-shaped and skin-colored nodule on his nose. Histopathologically, we diagnosed this neoplasm as a low-grade sebaceous carcinoma rather than a sebaceoma based on the scanning magnification and cytology. This low-grade sebaceous carcinoma was associated with glandular structures. We regarded the glandular structures as those of apocrine glandular differentiation based on 1) the histopathologic features of the glandular structures formed by columnar luminal cells with evidence of decapitation secretion; 2) the expression of cytokeratin (CK) 19, CK8, CK8/18, and CK7 in the luminal cells; 3) the positive reaction of carcinoembryonic antigen and epithelial membrane antigen on the luminal surface and in the cytoplasm of the luminal cells; and 4) the common embryologic origin of the folliculosebaceous-apocrine unit. We found CK15 expression in undifferentiated cells within the mantles of normal hair follicles, suggesting that sebaceous stem cells might exist in mantles as follicular stem cells exist in bulge areas. pluripotent stem cells in the folliculosebaceous-apocrine unit can give rise to follicular stem cells, sebaceous stem cells, and apocrine stem cells. Our patient's neoplasm showed apocrine glandular differentiation and partial immunohistochemical positivity for CK15 in the neoplastic aggregations. We believe this neoplasm originated from pluripotent stem cells destined to become sebaceous stem cells or from sebaceous stem cells, which also have the ability to differentiate within apocrine glands. ( info)
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