Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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1/347. A case of leptomeningeal metastasis from lung adenocarcinoma diagnosed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction for carcinoembryonic antigen.

    A case of leptomeningeal metastasis from lung adenocarcinoma is reported. In this case, we evaluated the feasibility of reverse transcriptased polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) methods to detect cancer cells in cerebrospinal fluids (CSF). Messenger rna of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) was clearly demonstrated in CSF by reverse RT-PCR methods. An immunohistochemical study also demonstrated that tumor cells were stained positive with anti-CEA antibody. This case suggests that RT-PCR for CEA was a sensitive and useful method to diagnose leptomeningeal metastasis from lung adenocarcinoma.
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2/347. radium-induced malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.

    In the records of 5,058 persons with therapeutic or occupational exposure to radium, 21 patients with carcinoma of the mastoid and 11 with malignant tumors of the paranasal sinuses were identified. Tumor induction times were 21-50 years for mastoid tumors (median, 33) and 19-52 years for paranasal sinus tumors (median, 34). Dosimetric data are given for the patients whose body burdens of radium have been measured. We found a high proportion of mucoepidermoid carcinoma, comprising 38% of the mastoid and 36% of the paranasal sinus tumors. Three patients had antecedent bone sarcoma at 20, 11, and 5 years, respectively, and a bone sarcoma was discovered at autopsy in a fourth patient. Radiographic changes in the mastoid and paranasal sinuses were similar to those seen in nonradium malignant tumors. More than 800 known persons exposed to radium before 1930 and another group of unknown size who received radium water or injections of radium from physicians are still alive and at risk of developing malignant tumors of the mastoid and paranasal sinuses.
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3/347. Well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, gastric foveolar type, of the extrahepatic bile ducts: A previously unrecognized and distinctive morphologic variant of bile duct carcinoma.

    Two examples of a rare but distinctive morphologic variant of extremely well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts are reported. One tumor arose in the common bile duct of a 51-year-old man; the other arose in the common hepatic duct of a 27-year-old man. Both tumors were composed predominantly (>95%) of gastric foveolar-type epithelium. Because of their bland nuclear features, low mitotic index, and focal polypoid and lobular architecture, they were initially confused with adenomas. Foci of less-differentiated adenocarcinoma and perineural invasion present in the deep portions of the tumors facilitated recognition. The neoplastic cells and extracellular mucin were periodic acid-Schiff- and alcian blue-positive. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells expressed cytokeratins 8 and 20 as well as cathepsin d, as reported in normal foveolar cells. Likewise, p53 overexpression was documented immunohistochemically in both adenocarcinomas, which also stained with the Ki-67 antibody. Despite the well-differentiated nature of the neoplasms and their deceptively benign microscopic appearance, one patient developed recurrence and liver metastasis 5 years after surgery. The other patient is disease-free 2 years following a segmental resection of the common hepatic duct, cystic duct, and gallbladder. The cell phenotype of these tumors can be explained by the ability of the bile duct epithelium to differentiate along gastric cell lines.
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4/347. Cystic lymphoepithelial lesions of the pancreas and peripancreatic region: report of two cases.

    Two cases of an extremely rare cystic lymphoepithelial lesion of a lymph node associated with the pancreas are presented herein. The first patient was a 57-year-old woman with a serous cystoadenoma who underwent resection of the body and tail of pancreas, and the other patient was a 75-year-old woman with cancer of the papilla of Vater who underwent pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. Both lesions were incidentally found during pathologic examination of lymph nodes from the peripancreatic region. Histologically, there were many scattered nests of the lymphoepithelial lesion in the lymphoid stroma, each of which was lined with stratified squamous epithelium. The pathological structure was found to resemble the lymphoepithelial lesion of the pancreas. Although the histogenesis is unknown, we hypothesize that the lesion might have arisen from squamous metaplasia of a benign epithelial inclusion such as the pancreatic duct of an ectopic pancreas in a peripancreatic lymph node. Therefore, a cystic lesion formed as a result of keratinization of the squamous epithelium with invasion into the pancreas could become a lymphoepithelial cyst of the pancreas.
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5/347. adenocarcinoma of the nonpigmented ciliary body epithelium: report of a rare case.

    Acquired tumours of the nonpigmented ciliary body epithelium are rare. We present herein a case of low-grade adenocarcinoma in order to stress the problems related to the clinical diagnosis. The tumour in our case was circumscribed, localised on the ciliary body, and nonpigmented. The height of the tumour, measured with ultrasound biomicroscopy, was 3.5 mm. The internal reflectivity of the tumor was homogeneous with low attenuation. The tumour was surgically excised with an uneventful iridocyclectomy. Both clinical presentation and preoperative examinations allowed to circumscribe the correct diagnosis which could be confirmed only with histology.
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6/347. Early occurrence of an adenocarcinoma after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation in a patient with AML.

    Several reports have showed an increased risk of secondary malignancies after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), especially after total body irradiation (TBI). We report on a 39-year-old female who underwent BMT with a matched unrelated donor because of acute myeloid leukemia in second complete remission. Previously, the patient received chemotherapy for induction, consolidation, maintenance and reinduction after diagnosis of relapse. Conditioning regimen consisted of cyclophosphamide and TBI. MTX and CSA was administered for GvHD prophylaxis. Engraftment was confirmed on day 28. Within 6 months following BMT, no complication occurred. Continuous complete remission was demonstrated by repeated bone marrow smears. On day 300 the patient complained of chest pain and dyspnea. X-ray and CT-scan showed thickening of the pleura and pleural effusion. A pleuracarcinosis was diagnosed by cytologic examination of a pleural aspirate. By an open thoracotomy a disseminated inoperable disease became apparent. diagnosis of an adenocarcinoma was confirmed by histologic examination. The patient died 2 months later due to disseminated tumour in complete remission of AML. Solid tumours are rare as secondary malignancies after BMT. Usually the neoplasmas are late events occurring more than 10 years after BMT. In this case predisposing factors such as genetic disposition, long-term smoking, intensive pretransplant chemotherapy, TBI and immunosuppression may have lead to the early secondary malignancy.
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7/347. Oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea.

    We report a rare case of an oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea, which presented in a 78-year-old woman with hemoptysis. Oncocytic cells comprised the majority of this low-grade lesion and demonstrated granular cytoplasmic phosphotungstic acid-hematoxylin staining as well as strong immunohistochemical reactivity to antimitochondrial antibody. Most tracheobronchial tumors with oncocytic change are carcinoid tumors. To our knowledge, this is the first oncocytic mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the trachea reported. This diagnosis was facilitated by histochemical and immunohistochemical studies.
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8/347. CEA-producing mucin-negative gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma with neuroendocrine markers: a case report.

    biopsy and autopsy materials excised from a 69-year-old woman were investigated. serum carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) showed a high value of 955 ng/mL. A plateaulike tumor was located in the gastric cardia and fundus to the entire gastric body. It showed severe proliferation and infiltration from the mucosa to the serosa. The tumor was comprised of signet-ring cells and poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cells, which spread into the submucosa of the pylorus, duodenum, and jejunum. Signet-ring cells had a large, eccentric vesicular nucleus and a pale cytoplasmic inclusion. Poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma cells had a pleomorphic nucleus, small eosinophilic nucleolus, and abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. Both neoplastic cells were positive for CEA, epithelial membrane antigen, Leu-7 (CD57), and neuron-specific enolase, and were negative for cytokeratin, vimentin, and periodic acid-Schiff, alcian blue, and mucicarmine stains. Electron microscopy showed endocrine granules with a limiting membrane measuring approximately 238 nm in diameter in the cytoplasm. The authors diagnosed this patient as having mucin-negative gastric signet-ring cell carcinoma with neuroendocrine markers, which is suggested to exist among poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma, undifferentiated carcinoma, and signet-ring cell carcinoma.
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9/347. A case of colon cancer recurrence with p-glycoprotein treated by methotrexate, fluorouracil, and leucovorin.

    A 68 year-old female underwent right hemicolectomy for an advanced cecum cancer and had been well without any evidence of recurrence for a year after surgery. Despite post-operative treatment with oral tegafur (400 mg/m2/day), CEA level increased gradually beginning 15 months after surgery. Sequential chemotherapy with methotrexate (MTX) and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), followed by leucovorin rescue (MFL) was started on an outpatient basis, and has been continued every 4 weeks since then. It consisted of MTX (100 mg/m2) and 5-FU (600 mg/m2) started 24 hours after MTX, followed by oral leucovorin (15 mg/body) started 30 hours after MTX 6 times at intervals of 6 hours. CEA level declined initially, but increased slowly for 3 years on MFL, although no evidence of recurrence was detected by imaging studies with computed tomography, ultrasound, and scintigram. Four years after surgery, a tumor recurrence developed in the abdominal wall. The patient underwent resection of the tumor, resulting in a decline of the CEA level. She has been alive and well for 5 years on MFL after the primary surgery. Both the original tumor and recurrent tumor showed immunoreactivity for p-glycoprotein. The present case demonstrates the feasibility of using MFL on an outpatient basis, and its potential to suppress the colon cancer growth with p-glycoprotein expression.
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10/347. Total anorectal and partial vaginal reconstruction with dynamic graciloplasty and colonic vaginoplasty after extended abdominoperineal resection: report of a case.

    PURPOSE: quality of life is altered after abdominoperineal resection, because of permanent iliac colostomy. Psychological rehabilitation is even more difficult after extended abdominoperineal resection to the vagina, because of the loss of both continence and sexual functions. We report the first case of total anorectal and vaginal reconstruction using dynamic graciloplasty and colonic vaginoplasty after extended abdominoperineal resection. methods: A 46-year-old female underwent extended abdominoperineal resection with posterior colpectomy for a low rectal adenocarcinoma infiltrating the anal sphincter and vagina. Anorectal reconstruction was performed with coloperineal anastomosis and double dynamic graciloplasty. Vaginal reconstruction was performed using a 10-cm, isolated, rotated sigmoid loop. The procedure was performed in three stages, including abdominoperineal resection with reconstruction, implantation of the stimulator, and closure of the temporary ileostomy. RESULTS: Resting and electrostimulated pressures of the neosphincter were 40 and 110 cm H2O respectively. Continence was achieved for formed stools two months after closure of the stoma, with spontaneous defecations (30-90 minutes). The patient experienced regular sexual activity six months after closure of the stoma. CONCLUSION: This new original technique can be proposed in selected young females after extended abdominoperineal resection, to preserve continence, sexual activity, and body image.
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