Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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1/63. Familial adenomatous polyposis: a case report and histologic mucin study.

    adenocarcinoma arising at an ileostomy is uncommon, and only 29 cases have been reported in the literature. The case of a 54-year-old man who developed an adenocarcinoma at a Brooke ileostomy is reported. The ileostomy had been fashioned 21 years earlier after proctocolectomy for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP). A wide local excision of the stoma was performed, and a new Brooke ileostomy was fashioned on the opposite side of the abdomen. Histopathologic examination revealed a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with early invasion of the submucosa. On hematoxylin and eosin staining, the ileal mucosa adjacent to the tumor showed signs of colonic metaplasia, including loss of villous architecture and a reduced number of paneth cells. Mucin staining using the high iron diamine-alcian blue stain demonstrated a mixture of sulfomucin and sialomucin in the ileal mucosa near the tumor, confirming colonic metaplasia. ileostomy site carcinogenesis can be attributed to both the colonic metaplasia and the inherent nature of FAP or ulcerative colitis (UC), where colonic mucosa is susceptible to adenoma formation or dysplasia. Longstanding ileostomies in patients with FAP or UC should be followed to exclude the development of adenoma, dysplasia, or cancer.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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2/63. Endometrioid adenocarcinoma arising from adenomyosis.

    In spite of many references to carcinoma arising from endometriosis at extrauterine sites, there are few documented cases of carcinoma developing in association with adenomyosis. We present 2 rare cases of adenocarcinoma arising from adenomyosis. The relationship between prior frequent estrogen use and carcinogenesis and the possible effects of chemotherapy and radiation therapy are reviewed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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3/63. Sigmoid colon cancer associated with primary hyperparathyroidism: report of a case.

    We present herein a case of sigmoid colon cancer associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP). PHP is known to be associated with malignancy, and decreased intracolonic calcium (Ca) resulting from increased vitamin d (VD) levels may play a role in colorectal carcinogenesis. PHP was diagnosed in this patient by preoperative screening blood chemistry examination. The blood level of intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) was elevated and a parathyroid gland scintigram demonstrated abnormal uptake near the right lower lobe of the thyroid. There was no evidence of bone metastasis, and a sigmoid colectomy was performed with curative intent. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course without a critical elevation of the serum Ca level. This case report suggests that a relationship exists between PHP and colon cancer, and the possible mechanisms of this association are presented in our discussion.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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4/63. Possible associations of rectal carcinoma with schistosoma japonicum infection and membranous nephropathy: a case report with a review.

    We report the first case of rectal carcinoma associated with S. japonicum and membranous nephropathy. A 57-year-old Japanese man noticed narrowing of his feces. He had lived in Yamanashi prefecture, an endemic area of S. japonicum. He had suffered from nephrotic syndrome for about 1 year. barium enema study showed a severe stricture in the upper rectum and biopsy specimens from the tumor demonstrated well differentiated adenocarcinoma and many ova of S. japonicum. Sonography of the liver showed a network pattern and a linear high echoic area. Low anterior resection with incisional biopsy of the liver and the right kidney was performed. Histopathological findings showed well differentiated adenocarcinoma and schistosomal ova. The total number of ova in the resected colon amounted to 15,133, consisting of 2243 inside and 12,890 outside the carcinoma. The nearer to the carcinoma the area was, the higher was the density of ova. The findings of light microscopy and electron microscopy of the biopsy specimen from the kidney were compatible with membranous nephropathy (stage II). This case suggests that schistosomal ova have some effect on carcinogenesis and nephrotic syndrome. In patients with nephrotic syndrome of unknown cause, especially in inhabitants of endemic areas of S. japonicum, gastrointestinal malignancy should be ruled out as an etiological factor. sigmoidoscopy would be useful for colorectal carcinoma surveillance in S. japonicum patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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5/63. Atypical medullary carcinoma of the breast with cartilaginous metaplasia in a patient with a BRCA1 germline mutation.

    We examined a 34-year-old premenopausal woman who had noticed a left-breast lump a month previously. She had no past history of malignancies but had a family history of breast and ovarian cancers. Her mother had suffered from ovarian cancer when aged 47 years and had died of the disease at age 52. The younger two of the patient's four aunts had developed breast cancer when they were 37 and 48 years old. A physical examination showed an ill-defined mass, 1.5 cm in diameter, located in the upper outer quadrant of the patient's left breast. mammography revealed diffuse microcalcification in both breasts but ultrasonography revealed an irregular tumorous lesion only in the left breast. Aspiration breast cytology revealed adenocarcinoma of the left breast. Modified radical mastectomy of the left breast and excision of a biopsy specimen from the right breast were carried out simultaneously. Histopathologically the left-breast tumor was an atypical medullary carcinoma with cartilaginous metaplasia, of histological grade 3, and the right-breast specimen showed fibrocystic changes with atypical ductal hyperplasia. Estrogen receptors were positive, but progesterone receptor was not detected on the tumor cells, which were immunopositive for nuclear p53 although c-erbB-2 overexpression was not observed. A nonsense germline mutation of the BRCA1 gene (exon5) was detected. The patient has been well since the operation (10 months). These findings may provide useful information about the carcinogenesis and biological behavior of BRCA1-associated breast cancers.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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6/63. Genetic analysis of multiple sporadic colon carcinomas from a single patient.

    At least two separate genetic pathways of carcinogenesis in sporadic colon cancer involving the accumulation of mutations at various genetic loci have been described. About 15% of sporadic colorectal carcinomas arise via a mechanism associated with microsatellite instability (MSI) and mutations in transforming growth factor beta receptor II (TGFbetaRII), insulin-like growth factor ii receptor (IGFIIR) and BAX, whilst the remaining 85% are associated with aneuploidy and gross chromosomal rearrangements. An 81-year-old woman had a sigmoid colon carcinoma resected and 18 months later developed two additional carcinomas of the caecum and transverse colon. To investigate whether there was a common genetic mechanism of carcinogenesis for the three lesions, MSI status was assessed, TGFbetaRII, IGFIIR and BAX were analysed for mutations and protein expression of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) and p53 were studied using immunohistochemistry. The caecal and transverse colonic carcinomas were both MSI positive but different mutations were identified in each lesion. No genetic abnormalities were identified in the sigmoid colonic carcinoma. This suggests that each carcinoma arose via a separate genetic mechanism of carcinogenesis.
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ranking = 3
keywords = carcinogenesis
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7/63. Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma arising from the metanephric duct remnant.

    Primary vaginal adenocarcinoma unrelated to in utero exposure to diethylstilbestrol (DES) is very uncommon. We report a case of 65-year-old Japanese woman who presented with primary adenocarcinoma in the anterior wall of the vagina, where the left ureter-like metanephric duct remnant abnormally terminated. Histological examination in serial sections revealed the direct connection between the carcinoma and the metanephric duct remnant. Moreover, the remnant epithelium showed varying degrees of dysplastic changes, including carcinoma in situ in close proximity to the carcinoma. This patient also had a bicornate uterus and left renal aplasia. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of a primary vaginal adenocarcinoma arising from the metanephric duct remnant. Although the precise mechanism involved in carcinogenesis in this clinicopathological setting remains unknown, adenocarcinoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of vaginal tumors in patients with renal aplasia and/or an ectopic termination of the ureter or metanephric duct remnant, especially when the tumor is in the anterior wall.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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8/63. Cancer of the gallbladder associated with pancreaticobiliary maljunction without bile duct dilatation in a european patient.

    A rare case of pancreaticobiliary maljunction (PBM) without dilatation of the biliary tract (DBT) associated with gallbladder carcinoma is described herein. A 62-year-old European woman with a long history of right upper abdominal pain was diagnosed as having PBM without DBT by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and other examinations. Excision of the gallbladder and biliary duct with a Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed, and subsequent pathological examination of the surgical specimen showed a well differentiated adenocarcinoma of the gallbladder. She had no clinical symptoms for 58 months postoperatively. PBM allows reflux of pancreatic juice into the biliary tract. Recent findings support the idea that epithelial hyperplasia plays an important role in gallbladder carcinogenesis with PBM, and also support the concept that gene mutations are involved in the carcinogenesis of biliary epithelium in patients with PBM. For these reasons, we advocate that resection of the extrahepatic biliary tract in PBM patients without bile duct dilatation, rather than cholecystectomy alone, is the treatment of choice for preventing bile duct carcinoma.
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ranking = 2
keywords = carcinogenesis
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9/63. Colorectal adenocarcinoma as a second malignant neoplasm following rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder: a case report.

    Following improvements in therapy for childhood malignancies, the striking increase in survival rate over the past 30 years has led to the increase risk of developing second malignant neoplasms (SMNs). We report a case of colorectal carcinoma as a SMN, following treatment for rhabdomyosarcoma. The patient was diagnosed with rhabdomyosarcoma of the urinary bladder at his age of three years, and developed adenocarcinoma in the colon 13 years later. Histologic examination of the surgical specimen revealed adenocarcinoma involving the rectosigmoid area with radiation colitis in its background. The tumor cells showed strong immunoreactivity for p53 protein, suggesting the role of irradiation and p53 mutation in carcinogenesis. This case emphasizes the need for dose observation in survivors of early childhood malignancies treated with radiation and multiagent chemotherapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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10/63. Multiple gastric carcinomas 21 years after gastrojejunostomy without gastrectomy. Report of a case.

    We report a case of gastric carcinoma after gastrojejunostomy (GJ-stomy) without gastrectomy. Multiple gastric carcinomas were discovered 21 years after GJ-stomy without gastrectomy which had been performed for treatment of pyloric stenosis due to severe gastric ulcer. Multiple gastric carcinomas were found in the stomach, or the esophagocardiac junction, and in the corpus and anastomotic lesion of the GJ-stomy. Under the light microscope, intestinal metaplasia was detected in the antral mucosa and the area around the anastomosis. In immunohistochemical analysis, p53-specific antibodies gave a positive reaction in every gastric carcinoma and in the noncancerous gastric glands around the carcinoma at the anastomosis and in the corpus. Cells positive for immunostaining with Ki-67-specific antibodies were more numerous in all gastric carcinomas and in the area around the anastomotic lesion than in the normal gastric mucosa. Hsp70-specific antibodies reacted with cells in the noncancerous glands around the carcinoma in the anastomotic area. Mucosal injury and the potential for carcinogenesis due to exposure to gastroduodenal reflux are discussed. The results of this study suggest that similar cases with gastroduodenal reflux should be followed carefully.
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ranking = 1
keywords = carcinogenesis
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