Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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21/3907. Pancreatic cancer and fibrinogen storage disease.

    BACKGROUND: Ductal adenocarcinoma is the most common type of pancreatic carcinoma while squamous, carcinosarcoma, sarcoma, giant cell carcinoma, and clear cell types are all rare. Hepatocellular fibrinogen storage disease is also an uncommon disorder which may be associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. Two cases of pancreatic carcinoma were encountered in a family with fibrinogen storage disease, further raising the possibility of a predilection to malignancy in this unusual disorder. The tumour in one case was of the rare clear cell type. These two cases are the basis for this report. methods: Sections were cut from retrieved paraffin embedded tissue and stained for routine histology. immunohistochemistry using the avidin-biotin technique was applied for the expression of the markers p53 (D07), carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), c-erbB-2, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP). RESULTS: Both cases were adenocarcinoma of pancreatic ductal origin. The tumour in one case showed features of a clear cell carcinoma. The tumour cells expressed p53, CEA, and EMA immunoreactivity and were negative for c-erbB-2 and AFP. CONCLUSIONS: Hepatocellular fibrinogen storage disease is rare and has been described in association with chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and rarely with hepatocellular carcinoma. This represents the first report of its association with carcinoma outside of the liver.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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22/3907. Well-differentiated adenocarcinoma, gastric foveolar type, of the extrahepatic bile ducts: A previously unrecognized and distinctive morphologic variant of bile duct carcinoma.

    Two examples of a rare but distinctive morphologic variant of extremely well-differentiated adenocarcinoma of the extrahepatic bile ducts are reported. One tumor arose in the common bile duct of a 51-year-old man; the other arose in the common hepatic duct of a 27-year-old man. Both tumors were composed predominantly (>95%) of gastric foveolar-type epithelium. Because of their bland nuclear features, low mitotic index, and focal polypoid and lobular architecture, they were initially confused with adenomas. Foci of less-differentiated adenocarcinoma and perineural invasion present in the deep portions of the tumors facilitated recognition. The neoplastic cells and extracellular mucin were periodic acid-Schiff- and alcian blue-positive. By immunohistochemistry, the tumor cells expressed cytokeratins 8 and 20 as well as cathepsin d, as reported in normal foveolar cells. Likewise, p53 overexpression was documented immunohistochemically in both adenocarcinomas, which also stained with the Ki-67 antibody. Despite the well-differentiated nature of the neoplasms and their deceptively benign microscopic appearance, one patient developed recurrence and liver metastasis 5 years after surgery. The other patient is disease-free 2 years following a segmental resection of the common hepatic duct, cystic duct, and gallbladder. The cell phenotype of these tumors can be explained by the ability of the bile duct epithelium to differentiate along gastric cell lines.
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ranking = 0.077255986486702
keywords = neoplasm
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23/3907. Occult sclerosing carcinoma of the thyroid.

    A case of occult sclerosing thyroid carcinoma is reported. The primary requirement for diagnosis is that the cancer is less than 1.5 cm in diameter. In addition, a fibrosing component with varying degrees of sclerosis is present. Lymph node metastases are frequent and may appear as benign thyroid follicles. Occasional direct invasion or vascular invasion may occur. Distant metastases were not reported in the series reviewed. Adequate therapy would seem to be total thyroidectomy of the involved lobe and radical subtotal thyroidectomy of the opposite lobe with excision of all enlarged or involved lymph nodes.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = cancer
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24/3907. Myositis and malignancy: is there a true association?

    There may be an association between polymyositis/dermatomyositis and malignant disease. Cancer occurs in patients with polymyositis/dermatomyositis with a frequency estimated between 2.5% and 29% (relative risk 1.0 to 6.5). We present two such cases, associated with colorectal carcinoma and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma respectively, together with an overview of existing controlled studies in the area.
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ranking = 5.0975328945303
keywords = colorectal
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25/3907. Metachronous cancers or late recurrences after resection of stage I lung cancer.

    In 2 patients with stage I lung cancer, tumors recurred at their resection lines 10 years after the original surgical resections. These cases suggest that the prognosis of late cancer occurrences after resected primary lung malignancies might be related to the interval of time between primary and subsequent cancers rather than to their categorization as recurrent or metachronous cancers.
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ranking = 3
keywords = cancer
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26/3907. Perineal approach to radical prostatectomy in kidney transplant recipients with localized prostate cancer.

    Close urologic follow-up of renal transplant candidates and recipients often reveals prostate carcinoma at an early stage. Two patients who underwent renal transplantation for end-stage disease also underwent radical perineal prostatectomy for localized prostate carcinoma, 3 years after grafting in 1 patient and 4 years before grafting in the other. The perineal approach to prostatectomy may facilitate later renal transplantation and avoid allograft damage.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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27/3907. Malignancies in pediatric patients with ataxia telangiectasia.

    BACKGROUND: patients with ataxia telangiectasia (AT), known to have an inherent increased susceptibility to the development of cancer, may present with malignancies that are unusual for the patient's age, are often difficult to diagnose clinically and radiographically and respond poorly to conventional therapy. MATERIALS AND methods: We reviewed the clinical presentation and imaging studies of 12 AT patients who developed malignancies. RESULTS: Eight of the twelve patients developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (CNS, thorax, bone), two developed Hodgkin's disease, and two were diagnosed with gastrointestinal mucinous adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSION: The lymphomas were commonly extra nodal, and infiltrative rather than mass-like. The recognition of the tumors was often delayed due to confusion with the known infectious complications in AT patients.
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ranking = 0.25
keywords = cancer
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28/3907. Parietal mesh abscess as an original presentation of cancer of the caecum.

    We report a case of cancer of the caecum in a 71-year-old male who presented with parietal mesh abscess. Two years before, he was treated for a right inguinal hernia by insertion of a Dacron mesh. CT scan then colonoscopy determined the existence of a voluminous caecal tumor perforated in the abdominal wall with an important abscess around the mesh. Right colectomy and parietal muscles excision were performed completed with postoperative radiochemotherapy. At 2 years, there is no evidence of recurrence. Atypical features with a hernia mesh repair associated with a sudden change in the patient's condition should alert the clinician to the possibility of a further subjacent pathological process.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = cancer
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29/3907. Immunohistochemical evaluation of the probability of skin metastasis in gastric cancer.

    We report the case of a 56-year-old man with advanced gastric cancer that manifested as multiple subcutaneous nodules. histology showed irregularly shaped cells with large nuclei and it also showed frequent mitotic figures clustered throughout the dermis. To predict whether metastasis was likely to occur, we performed a controlled study using gastric cancer cells from patients with or without metastases. Tumor cells that had metastasized showed more positive staining for Ki67, PCNA and p53 than those that had not metastasized, although there were no marked differences between the reactivities of these 2 groups for factor viii related antigen, CEA, EGF, or p21 staining. We conclude that immunohistochemical staining for Ki67, PCNA or p53 might be very useful in predicting the possible risk of metastasis of cancer cells.
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ranking = 1.75
keywords = cancer
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30/3907. Bilateral sphenoid wing metastases of prostate cancer presenting with extensive brain edema.

    A 76-year-old man insidiously developed diffuse neurological symptoms: cognitive decline, dysphagia, dysphasia and mental disturbance. Computed tomography of the cranium revealed widespread bilateral brain edema and symmetrical bilateral sphenoid wing hyperostosis. Adjacent to the hyperostosis that resembled skull base meningiomas, two separate parenchymatous temporal lobe lesions enhancing with contrast medium were observed. The patient had earlier been diagnosed to have prostatic carcinoma. dexamethasone therapy resulted in discontinuation of the neurological symptoms. The diagnosis of metastasized adenocarcinoma of the prostate was confirmed histologically on autopsy after a sudden death from pneumonia. Intracranial metastases of prostate cancer may have a predilection site at the sphenoid wing, and can mimic a skull base meningioma. Intracranial spread of prostatic adenocarcinoma should be considered in elderly men as a treatable cause of gradual neurological deterioration, especially if cranial malignancy or hyperostosis is found.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = cancer
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