Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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11/1497. Immunohistochemical evaluation of the probability of skin metastasis in gastric cancer.

    We report the case of a 56-year-old man with advanced gastric cancer that manifested as multiple subcutaneous nodules. histology showed irregularly shaped cells with large nuclei and it also showed frequent mitotic figures clustered throughout the dermis. To predict whether metastasis was likely to occur, we performed a controlled study using gastric cancer cells from patients with or without metastases. Tumor cells that had metastasized showed more positive staining for Ki67, PCNA and p53 than those that had not metastasized, although there were no marked differences between the reactivities of these 2 groups for factor viii related antigen, CEA, EGF, or p21 staining. We conclude that immunohistochemical staining for Ki67, PCNA or p53 might be very useful in predicting the possible risk of metastasis of cancer cells.
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12/1497. Mediastinal lymph node metastasis of colon cancer: report of a case.

    We herein describe a patient with mediastinal lymph node metastases which occurred after both a primary sigmoid colon cancer and metachronous ovarian metastasis had been resected. The most likely route of metastases to the mediastinum in this case is the paravertebral venous plexus probably connected to the ovarian metastasis, or so-called remetastasis. This case illustrates that the mediastinum is thus a possible metastatic site in patients with colon cancer. Surgeons should therefore pay attention to the mediastinum as well as the lung fields when checking chest X-ray films during a follow-up of patients after a resection of colon cancer.
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keywords = metastasis
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13/1497. Surgical excision of a metastatic adrenal lesion in a patient with prostatic cancer.

    BACKGROUND: A 64-year-old Japanese man with stage D2 prostatic cancer, after having responded dramatically to androgen ablation, demonstrated a solitary adrenal metastasis without disease progression to any other site. methods: A surgical excision of the lesion and adjuvant systemic chemotherapy was performed. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The patient has since remained alive without any evidence of recurrence 21 months after surgery.
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keywords = metastasis
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14/1497. Primary pulmonary meningioma presenting as lung metastasis.

    A benign primary pulmonary meningioma, an extremely rare tumour, was incidentally detected in a 57-year-old woman in association with a contralateral pulmonary adenocarcinoma. The meningioma was initially suspected to be a metastasis. Both tumours were excised, with excellent outcome. Anatomic features of primary pulmonary meningioma and differential diagnosis are discussed.
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keywords = metastasis
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15/1497. Gingival metastasis from a prostate adenocarcinoma: report of a case.

    prostate cancer is the cause of 10% of cancer-related deaths in males in the united states. Metastases are found late in the course of the disease. Metastatic tumors of the oral cavity are rare, representing about 1% of oral tumors and affect jaws much more frequently than soft tissues. Metastatic prostate cancer tends to involve the bones of the axial skeleton. In a recent review, 22 cases of metastases to the jawbones from prostate cancer were found in 390 cases. On the other hand, only 1 case of a metastasis to the oral soft tissues was reported. The authors describe the second case of oral soft tissue metastasis from a prostate cancer. The metastatic lesion was located in the gingiva. Clinicians should be aware of oral soft tissue metastases since they can be the first sign of a not yet diagnosed malignant tumor and they can be very easily confused with several different benign lesions.
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16/1497. Endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer.

    A young woman presented with a dry cough present during the previous 4 weeks. A chest radiograph demonstrated diffuse interstitial infiltration in both lower lung fields. Fibreoptic bronchoscopic examination revealed multiple 2-3 mm elevated nodules on the bronchial surface and a mucosal biopsy showed extensive subepithelial infiltration of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma without definite precancerous alteration in the overlying epithelium. Studies for the evaluation of primary tumour focus were performed. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed advanced gastric cancer of Borrmann type III, and mucosal biopsy of the stomach showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient was treated three times with systemic chemotherapy, but her condition deteriorated. Three months after diagnosis, she died of complicated pneumonia. This is a rare case of endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer. The stomach is an unusual site of endobronchial metastasis from extrathoracic primary malignancy.
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keywords = metastasis
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17/1497. A leptomeningeal metastasis revealed by sciatica.

    Meningeal metastatic disease usually occurs as a complication of a brain tumor and is exceptionally isolated in patients with solid tumors. We report the case of a 74-year-old woman admitted for mechanical S1 sciatica refractory to drug therapy. She had been treated for breast cancer three years earlier. Physical findings were pain upon hyperextension of the lumbar spine and absence of the ankle jerks. Analysis of cerebrospinal fluid sampled during an intrathecal glucocorticoid injection showed 1 g/L of protein and 11 normal cells per mm3. Grade 3 L5-S1 spondylolisthesis was seen on plain radiographs, computed tomography scans, and magnetic resonance imaging scans. At that point, the patient developed sphincter dysfunction and motor loss in the left lower limb in the distribution of several nerve roots. Findings were normal from a myelogram and a magnetic resonance imaging study of the brain. A repeat cerebrospinal fluid analysis showed 1.1 g/L of protein and 5 cells/mm3. Because of the discrepancy between the clinical and imaging study findings, the patient was transferred to a neurology department. A third cerebrospinal fluid study showed numerous adenocarcinoma cells, and a repeat magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a mass in the dural sac opposite L2. A program of monthly intrathecal methotrexate injections was started. A fatal meningeal relapse occurred eight months later. CONCLUSION: This case shows that a leptomeningeal metastasis can cause isolated nerve root pain, and demonstrates the diagnostic value of magnetic resonance imaging and cerebrospinal fluid cytology in patients with atypical symptoms, particularly when there is a history of malignant disease.
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ranking = 0.83333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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18/1497. External beam radiotherapy for pelvic node recurrence after curative resection of colon cancer: report of a case.

    The role of radiotherapy in locally advanced or recurrent colon cancer has not yet been determined. A 59-year-old man undergoing curative resection for advanced descending colon cancer had pelvic lymph node metastasis detected by computed tomography 5 months postoperatively. Intravenous chemotherapy using 5-fluorouracil and CDDP was repeated bimonthly for 7 months; however, his condition deteriorated progressively. External beam radiotherapy (50 Gy) was started thereafter. His serum carcinoembryonic antigen level decreased promptly and abdominal computed tomography showed apparent shrinkage of the metastatic pelvic node with calcification. The patient maintained a partial response for at least 12 months. radiotherapy has a more crucial role in the treatment of a subgroup of recurrent colorectal tumors.
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ranking = 0.16666666666667
keywords = metastasis
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19/1497. Pineal metastasis as first clinical manifestation of colorectal adenocarcinoma. Case report.

    Cerebral metastases from colorectal adenocarcinomas occur in 8% of the cases. diagnosis is usually made when primary disease and widespread metastases are already known. We report the case of a patient with single metastases in the pineal region as the first clinical manifestation of a colorectal adenocarcinoma. A 48-year-old female with Parinaud's syndrome for 15 days prior her admission was evaluated in our clinic. She had no symptoms or signs of colorectal disease. MRI examination revealed an heterogeneous lesion with peritumoral gadolinium enhancement, located in the pineal region. The tumor was radically resected through an infratentorial/supracerebellar approach. histology showed metastatic carcinoma and immunohistochemical examination showed gastrointestinal tract adenocarcinoma. Metastases to the pineal region are extremely rare and should be considered in the differential diagnosis of tumors of this region.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = metastasis
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20/1497. colon carcinoma cutis: a case report.

    The occurrence of cutaneous metastasis from colon cancer is rare especially when located on the extremities. Cutaneous metastasis typically signifies widespread disease and poor prognosis. Although uncommon, carcinoma cutis must be considered in any patient with a history of carcinoma who presents with a new skin eruption. Diagnostic biopsy is essential, inasmuch as the appearance of these lesions is not distinctive. We present a patient with known colon cancer and the new onset of papules on her right lower extremity.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = metastasis
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