Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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1/1065. Clinical value of protein-bound fucose in patients with carcinoma and other diseases.

    Protein-bound fucose content in sera from normal persons and patients with various malignant and non-malignant diseases was measured and statistically analyzed. Normal serum gave a mean value of 6.84 /- 0.13 mg/100 ml, and rarely exceeded 9 mg/100 ml. Although no significant difference was found between sexes, there was a tendency of fucose content to decrease in older persons. It was noted that more than 90% of cancer-bearing patients have significantly higher level than critical value (9 mg/100 ml), while only 8.7% of patients with benign tumor showed positive result. These results were not limited to special organs but in common to all cases studied. The elevation of serum fucose content in malignant tumor was well correlated with its stages of progression, though the levels were less significant in early and in rather locally restricted breast and thyroid cancer. Serial postoperative follow-up study showed that the levels in serum fucose content was a useful parameter for judging the effectiveness of therapy and the prognosis of the patient. The fucose content in malignant tumor tissue and metastasized lymph node appeared to be significantly elevated than that in normal tissue. The practical usage and limitation of the fucose value in various diseases, together with a possible source of serum fucose were discussed.
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2/1065. Interposition of sural nerve restores function of cavernous nerves resected during radical prostatectomy.

    PURPOSE: The permanent loss of erectile function when both neurovascular bundles are widely resected at radical prostatectomy as well as the successful use of autologous nerve grafts in reconstructive surgery led us to perform bilateral nerve grafts in an effort to restore erectile function in potent patients treated for prostate cancer who underwent radical retropubic prostatectomy and resection of both neurovascular bundles. MATERIALS AND methods: Radical retropubic prostatectomy with deliberate resection of both neurovascular bundles was recommended for high grade, locally extensive prostate cancer in 9 select, sexually active men who reported normal erectile function. After the prostate was removed but before vesicourethral anastomosis an autologous sural nerve graft was interposed between the divided ends of the cavernous nerves bilaterally. Erectile function was monitored by patient interview, questionnaire and nocturnal penile tumescence testing after the operation. RESULTS: Four to 5 months postoperatively patients noticed slowly improving spontaneous erections, as manifested by mild tumescence regularly every several hours. Nocturnal penile tumescence testing with the RigiScan device at 4 to 6 months in 2 cases revealed erections that approached minimal criteria for normalcy. Approximately 14 months after surgery a rigid erection sufficient for penetration and intercourse developed in 1 patient. He described this event as "an erection of substance-hard, not just fluffy." CONCLUSIONS: We have developed a technique using sural nerve grafts to restore continuity of the cavernous nerves, which are resected during radical prostatectomy. The early return of spontaneous partial erections in our patients suggests that interposition nerve grafts may enhance the recovery of erectile function when the neurovascular bundles are resected.
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3/1065. Intrathoracic suture abscess after lobectomy for early lung cancer.

    Intrathoracic suture abscess may occur around sutures on the pleura or in the lung parenchyma, although it is rare to encounter such cases clinically. We report on a 68-year-old woman with an intrathoracic (extrapulmonary) suture abscess, which was discovered on a chest x-ray film one year after right-middle lobectomy for early lung cancer. The abscess was removed surgically, and the postoperative course was uneventful. Pathological examination showed that it was caused by braided polyester sutures.
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4/1065. Synchronous and metachronous gastric adenocarcinoma: case report and literature review.

    Whilst synchronous adenocarcinoma of the stomach is well documented, metachronous primary disease is exceedingly rare. We report a man with a family history of colonic and gastric cancer, who underwent a resection of a Duke's C adenocarcinoma of the rectum, aged 56 years, and a proximal partial gastrectomy for synchronous stage 1 gastric adenocarcinomas of the lesser curve, aged 61 years. Nine years later, a metachronous gastric primary was discovered in the gastric remnant, necessitating total gastrectomy. Total gastrectomy is the operation of choice for synchronous gastric primaries as it ensures clearance and prevents metachronous growth. However, it may not be appropriate for all gastric cancer as operative morbidity and mortality are increased, and because synchronicity and metachronicity of gastric cancer are uncommon. Moreover, there are no consistent data to demonstrate a survival advantage for total compared with partial gastrectomy for operable gastric cancer. If, after partial gastrectomy, synchronous disease is detected in the resected specimen (as in this reported case), endoscopic surveillance for metachronous disease is advised, since this may be amenable to surgical cure.
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5/1065. Simultaneous MALT-type lymphoma and early adenocarcinoma of the stomach associated with helicobacter pylori gastritis.

    We report about two cases of combined gastric lymphoma and gastric carcinoma with one of them representing a case of early gastric high grade B-cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) with co-existing early gastric adenocarcinoma. In contrast to most previously reported similar cases, in both of our cases the definitive diagnosis of gastric lymphoma and carcinoma was obtained preoperatively. This, however, seems to be in future times an essential prerequisite for employing minimal invasive methods such as eradication therapy in the case of diagnosed early lymphoma and endoscopic treatment for early gastric carcinomas. These methods have been proven to be an effective and beneficial alternative treatment especially with regard to the life quality of the patients.
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6/1065. Quadruple cancer including bilateral breasts, Vater's papilla, and urinary bladder: report of a case.

    We herein report a rare case of quadruple carcinoma with heterochronous bilateral breast cancer, cancer of Vater's papilla, and cancer of the urinary bladder, which were all curatively resected. A 62-year-old woman previously underwent right and left modified radical mastectomies heterochronously. Recently, a dilatation of the lower bile duct, diagnosed as cancer of Vater's papilla, was resected by a pancreatoduodenectomy. hematuria during surgery led to the discovery of a solid bladder tumor. The tumor was resected by a transurethral resection. The histopathologic findings differed for all four lesions. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course and to date has shown no recurrence.
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7/1065. lung carcinoma presenting as metastasis to intracranial meningioma: case report and review of the literature.

    Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is rare. The authors report a case of a 52-year-old man with a 1-year history of a right parasaggital meningioma, whose clinical signs were consistent with enlarging meningioma. In preparation for surgery, the routine preoperative chest radiograph revealed a lung mass. Fine-needle aspiration of the mass revealed adenocarcinoma. The patient underwent surgical excision of the intracranial mass, which was thought to be a meningioma. However, pathologic examination revealed a transitional meningioma extensively infiltrated with deposits of metastatic carcinoma from the patient's primary lung tumor. Metastasis to meningioma was therefore responsible for the rapid enlargement of the long-standing meningioma, and caused the first clinical manifestation of primary lung carcinoma. Recurrent metastasis developed at the surgical site 5 weeks later, requiring surgical excision and postoperative radiation to prevent further recurrence. This is a highly unusual presentation for lung carcinoma and, to the authors' best knowledge, is the first such case reported. A review of the published literature revealed 20 other cases of lung carcinoma metastatic to meningioma, which were incidentally discovered on surgery or autopsy.
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8/1065. Parietal mesh abscess as an original presentation of cancer of the caecum.

    We report a case of cancer of the caecum in a 71-year-old male who presented with parietal mesh abscess. Two years before, he was treated for a right inguinal hernia by insertion of a Dacron mesh. CT scan then colonoscopy determined the existence of a voluminous caecal tumor perforated in the abdominal wall with an important abscess around the mesh. Right colectomy and parietal muscles excision were performed completed with postoperative radiochemotherapy. At 2 years, there is no evidence of recurrence. Atypical features with a hernia mesh repair associated with a sudden change in the patient's condition should alert the clinician to the possibility of a further subjacent pathological process.
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9/1065. Special problems in cervical cancer management.

    Cervical cancer is easily recognized when it presents as a visible lesion, but a problem arises when it adopts unusual presentations. Cervical cancer can develop high in the endocervical canal, beyond the reach of cone biopsy. Copious vaginal discharge from cervical adenocarcinoma may lead to a false-negative Papanicolaou (Pap) smear. Treatment of cervicitis can result in a delay in diagnosis. Successful and timely diagnosis and treatment of cervical cancer requires experience and vigilance. Careful intraoperative palpation of the cervix and uterus can help determine the location and extent of the lesion. Flexibility during surgery is required to utilize intraoperative findings and thus optimize treatment. Pitfalls of cervical cancer diagnosis and treatment with actual case presentations are presented along with other special problems in cervical cancer management such as incidental findings of cervical cancer in hysterectomy specimens, treatment of cervical stump cancers, and unusual cervical cancer cell types.
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10/1065. Urinary undiversion for pelvic actinomycosis: a long-term follow up.

    BACKGROUND: A 43-year-old woman who had been using intrauterine contraceptive devices for the past 10 years underwent an emergency operation for bowel and urinary obstruction. methods/RESULTS: Frozen section analysis showed undifferentiated adenocarcinoma. Incomplete tumorectomy, ileal resection, partial cystectomy, colostomy and bilateral ureterocutaneostomy were palliatively performed. Postoperatively, periodic acid-Schiff and Grocott-Gomori methenamine tests revealed actinomyces and the final diagnosis was pelvic actinomycosis. Treatment with penicillin g administered intravenously relieved her symptoms and the lesion was dramatically improved. The patient underwent colostomy closure and urinary undiversion. CONCLUSIONS: Five years after urinary undiversion, the patient's renal function has been maintained and she can void without incontinence and dysuria.
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