Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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1/22. Endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer.

    A young woman presented with a dry cough present during the previous 4 weeks. A chest radiograph demonstrated diffuse interstitial infiltration in both lower lung fields. Fibreoptic bronchoscopic examination revealed multiple 2-3 mm elevated nodules on the bronchial surface and a mucosal biopsy showed extensive subepithelial infiltration of poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma without definite precancerous alteration in the overlying epithelium. Studies for the evaluation of primary tumour focus were performed. Oesophagogastroduodenoscopy showed advanced gastric cancer of Borrmann type III, and mucosal biopsy of the stomach showed poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. The patient was treated three times with systemic chemotherapy, but her condition deteriorated. Three months after diagnosis, she died of complicated pneumonia. This is a rare case of endobronchial metastasis from stomach cancer. The stomach is an unusual site of endobronchial metastasis from extrathoracic primary malignancy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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2/22. Gastric adenocarcinoma associated with fundic gland polyps in a patient with attenuated familial adenomatous polyposis.

    Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare autosomal dominant precancerous condition of the colon caused by mutations in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) tumor suppressor gene. FAP is characterized by the appearance of innumerable adenomatous polyps throughout the large bowel. Fundic gland polyps are the most common gastric lesion in FAP. It is generally believed that fundic gland polyps have little or no potential for malignant transformation in the population at large, and only a few case reports describe the development of high grade dysplasia or gastric adenocarcinoma associated with diffuse fundic gland polyposis in patients with FAP. We report the second case of gastric adenocarcinoma intimately associated with fundic gland polyposis in a family with an attenuated form of FAP. The patient had undergone routine screening per current guidelines because of his known mutation in the APC gene. This suggests that malignant transformation of fundic gland polyps in patients with FAP occur more frequently than previously believed. Current screening recommendations may not be sufficient for patients with FAP or its attenuated forms.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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3/22. Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of cancer arising from Barrett's esophagus.

    In japan, Barrett's esophageal cancer is a very rare disease. We examined clinicopathologically and immunohistologically 4 patients with Barrett's esophageal cancer who underwent surgical resection in our department. Barrett's esophageal mucosa was classified into 3 types for detailed observation. Specialized columnar epithelium (SCE) remained on the orifice side of carcinoma, and progression to adenocarcinoma was observed in some dysplastic glands. positive findings were detected on p53 immunohistochemical staining, and the ki-67 labeling index was higher than other types. SCE-type Barrett's esophagus may be a precancerous lesion arising prior to the development of adenocarcinoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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4/22. Synchronous serrated adenoma of the appendix and high-grade ovarian carcinoma: a case demonstrating different origin of the two neoplasms.

    association of mucinous adenomas of the appendix and mucinous ovarian tumors is well known. The origin of the ovarian tumor (metastasis from the appendix vs independent primary) is still debated. Serrated adenoma is a rare neoplasm of the distal gastrointestinal tract, and its precancerous role in the colorectum was recently postulated. A 74-year-old patient was subjected to hysterectomy with routine appendectomy due to a 17-cm tumor of her right ovary. Histological examination revealed a high-grade ovarian adenocarcinoma with peritoneal involvement. The appendix, grossly unremarkable, harbored a serrated adenoma with no evidence of invasion or malignant transformation. Immunohistochemical examination revealed CD7 , CK20-phenotype of the ovarian and reverse (CK7-, CK20 ) phenotype of the appendiceal tumor. Microsatellite analysis demonstrated microsatellite instability (MSI-high) within the serrated adenoma (4/5 markers with positive amplification) and no MSI (0/6 amplified markers) in the samples from the ovarian carcinoma, its metastases and the uninvolved uterine cervix. There were also differences in LOH pattern between the ovarian adenocarcinoma and the serrated adenoma. The findings suggest two independent primaries with profound differences in tumorigenetic pathways of both lesions. To the best of our knowledge this is the first report of synchronous serrated adenoma of the appendix and ovarian carcinoma.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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5/22. Genetic analysis of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis: precancerous lesion of gallbladder cancer?

    Xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the gallbladder, a variant of the chronic cholecystitis. As xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is occasionally seen with carcinoma of the gallbladder, the association with cancer is a controversial issue. A focal type of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis is found simultaneously with gastric cancer diagnosed preoperatively. The resected specimen was genetically studied. polymerase chain reaction amplification, single-strand conformational polymorphism analysis for mutation of p53 showed no abnormality indicating that less association with cancer in which the mutation of p53 is often seen. Etiopathologic factors of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis might have relation with cancer, but xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis itself may not be the direct cause for cancer.
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ranking = 4
keywords = precancerous
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6/22. Primary adenovillous carcinoma of the bladder.

    Two cases of primary adenovillous carcinoma of the bladder are presented: one in a normally placed bladder and the other in an exstrophied bladder. The close association of these 2 neoplasms with coexistent cystitis glandularis would seem to support the possible precancerous nature of the latter entity. The remarkable similarity of these neoplasms to villous adenocarcinomas of the rectum is also described, a finding which may reflect the close embryologic origin of the rectum and bladder neck. A brief review of the classification of vesical adenocarcinomas is also given.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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7/22. Atypical ductal hyperplasia of the pancreas associated with a stricture of the main pancreatic duct.

    Atypical ductal hyperplasia of the pancreas is thought to be a precancerous lesion. We report a case of atypical ductal hyperplasia associated with a stricture of the main pancreatic duct. A 70-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of abdominal pain with an elevated serum pancreatic isoamylase level. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography disclosed a stricture of the main pancreatic duct in the body of the pancreas. Cytological evaluation of endoscopic brushings suggested adenocarcinoma. Distal pancreatectomy was performed. Microscopic examination of the stenotic pancreatic duct showed a hyperplastic epithelium without atypia. Atypical hyperplasia, however, was found in the distal portion of the main pancreatic duct in close proximity to the stricture. Atypical hyperplasia extended along the main pancreatic duct into the ductal branches of the pancreatic tail. In contrast to the vast majority of patients with atypical hyperplasia, the atypical hyperplasia seen in the present patient had no histological features suggestive of intraductal extension of the invasive carcinoma or intraductal papillary-mucinous tumor, thus representing a sporadic precancerous lesion, and it may have been equivalent to carcinoma in situ. Pancreatic duct stricture and the resultant stasis of the pancreatic juice may have promoted the atypical changes in the ductal cells upstream of the stricture.
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ranking = 2
keywords = precancerous
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8/22. adenocarcinoma arising from a gastric duplication cyst with invasion to the stomach: a case report with literature review.

    This report describes a rare case of adenocarcinoma arising from a gastric duplication cyst, with invasion to the stomach wall, in a 40 year old Japanese man. A cystic lesion was found between the stomach and the spleen. The cyst had a well circumscribed smooth muscle layer, corresponding to the muscularis propria of the stomach and the mucosa of the alimentary tract. A well differentiated adenocarcinoma was found within the duplication cyst, invading its serosa. Well differentiated adenocarcinoma was independently found in the fundus of the stomach; the tumour of the cyst was connected by fibrous tissue. Microscopically, there was neither adenocarcinoma in situ nor precancerous lesions, such as epithelial dysplasia, suggesting that the carcinoma derived from a gastric duplication cyst that invaded the stomach. Duplication cysts should be included in the differential diagnosis of cystic masses of the gastrointestinal tract, and the possibility of malignancy within these cysts should be considered.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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9/22. Surveillance of dysplasia in inflammatory bowel disease: The gastroenterologist-pathologist partnership.

    Cancer prevention in inflammatory bowel disease depends on the detection of precancerous dysplasia during scheduled screening and surveillance colonoscopy, but the detection and diagnosis of dysplasia remain challenging. In this article, we review the risks of cancer and dysplasia in ulcerative colitis and the current prevention recommendations, and through a sample case, we demonstrate an approach that involves an active partnership between the gastroenterologist or surgeon and pathologist. We address the challenge of management of polypoid lesions and incorporate new information about degree of inflammation as an additional risk of neoplasia in these patients.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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10/22. Carcinoma of the rectal pouch following restorative proctocolectomy. Report of a case.

    A case of adenocarcinoma developing in the pouch following restorative proctocolectomy is presented. This seems to be the third reported in the literature. The carcinoma developed from the remnants of precancerous rectal mucosa left in the muscular rectal cuff. The patient had been suffering from ulcerative colitis for 17 years prior to the development of the malignancy. He presented with features of subacute intestinal obstruction. diagnosis was by sigmoidoscopic examination of the pouch and biopsy. He was treated with abdominoperineal resection of the pouch and rectum, followed by chemotherapy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = precancerous
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