Cases reported "Adenocarcinoma"

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11/53. Treatment of recurrent cervical adenocarcinoma with BMS-247550, an epothilone B analog.

    OBJECTIVE: The incidence of recurrent cervical adenocarcinoma is rising relative to the squamous subtype. There are limited therapeutic options for women with advanced cervical adenocarcinoma. Only a few chemotherapy agents have demonstrated activity in this disease. This report describes results with BMS-247550, an epothilone B analog that stabilizes microtubules, with activity in previously treated adenocarcinoma of the cervix. METHOD: We present two women with recurrent cervical adenocarcinoma with metastases to the lung. Both women were treated previously with paclitaxel and were enrolled in a phase I study with BMS-247550.Both women had partial responses to BMS-247550 with a decrease in tumor size and CA-125 levels. CONCLUSIONS: The demonstration of a response to BMS-247550, especially after additional chemotherapy had been administered, is encouraging, albeit preliminary. The ultimate role of BMS-247550 and multiagent chemotherapy in the treatment of adenocarcinoma of the cervix should be further investigated.
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12/53. A case of carcinoma rete testis: histomorphological, immunohistochemical and ultrastructural findings and review of literature.

    A 72-year-old man presenting with a secondary hydrocoel underwent orchidectomy. Gross examination revealed a tumor arising in the region of the rete testis, which on histopathology proved to be a papillary adenocarcinoma. The patient did not have evidence of any other neoplasia elsewhere in the body. The lesion fulfilled the anatomic criteria elucidated by Nochomovitz et al to be labelled as adenocarcinoma of rete testis. Electron microscopy revealed characteristic nuclear infoldings and microtubules with two different arrangements. The tubules were either seen to form concentric circles or were in irregular groups with filaments interspersed. The lesion on immunohistochemistry was negative for germ cell markers AFP and HCG, and was positive for cytokeratin and epithelial membrane antigen. A review of literature is also presented.
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13/53. Nephrogenic adenomas of the urethra involving the prostate gland: a report of two cases of a lesion that may be confused with prostatic adenocarcinoma.

    Two cases of urethral nephrogenic adenoma involving the prostate are described. A diagnosis of prostatic carcinoma was raised in both cases and was seriously entertained in one of them. The patients, who were 65 and 68 yr old, underwent transurethral resection because of difficulty voiding; both had had a prior similar procedure. Microscopic examination in each case showed small tubules and clusters of cells in the fibromuscular stroma of the prostate. In one case the lesional cells had abundant clear cytoplasm, and in both cases some of the nuclei had prominent nucleoli. In each case a minor component of the cystic pattern of nephrogenic adenoma was also present. Features pointing to a diagnosis of nephrogenic adenoma were a morphology that was diagnosis of nephrogenic adenoma were a morphology that was focally characteristic of that lesion, an origin from overlying prostatic urethra in both cases, and negative immunohistochemical staining of the lesional cells for prostate-specific antigen and prostate-specific acid phosphatase. These cases illustrate that nephrogenic adenoma occasionally involves the prostate and in these cases can potentially be confused with prostatic adenocarcinoma.
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14/53. A resected case of metachronous liver metastasis from lung cancer producing alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and protein induced by vitamin k absence or antagonist II (PIVKA-II).

    A resected case of huge liver metastasis of hepatoid adenocarcinoma of the lung is described. A 77-year-old man who presented a solitary huge liver tumor was admitted to our hospital. He had undergone right lower lobectomy of the lung for lung cancer one year before. The view of imaging studies was not a typical one of hepatocellular carcinoma. serum levels of AFP and PIVKA-II were 334,500ng/mL and 3,890mAU/mL, respectively, and the proportion of AFP L3 was 97.9%. It was thought that they were strongly diagnostic for hepatocellular carcinoma. Extended right lobectomy of the liver was performed. Microscopically, it was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma and diagnosed as liver metastasis from the formerly resected lung cancer. The tumor was composed of cells with both sheet-like growth and tubule formation. The neoplastic cells, in the sheet-like growth resembled hepatocellular carcinoma cells. By immunohistochemical staining with anti-AFP and anti-PIVKA-II antibodies, cancer cells of both the primary and metastatic lesions were positive. The patient eventually died of multiple liver and bone metastasis 6 months after the operation.
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15/53. Colonic adenocarcinoma and bilateral malignant ovarian sex cord tumor with annular tubules in peutz-jeghers syndrome.

    peutz-jeghers syndrome is characterized by multiple polyps throughout the gastrointestinal tract in association with mucocutaneous pigmentation. Although peutz-jeghers syndrome polyps are hamartomas, frequent association of this syndrome with both gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal tumours had led to reassessment of the cancer risk in this hereditary disorder. The most common gynaecological tumors in this syndrome are adenoma malignum of the uterine cervix and ovarian sex cord tumor, particularly sex cord tumor with annular tubules. The question of malignant change in a polyp or of the association of gastro intestinal carcinomas still discuss. The authors report a case of peutz-jeghers syndrome in a young patient who developed a colonic adenocarcinoma in a hamartomatous polyp together with an incidentally discovered bilateral malignant sex cord tumours. We discuss its association with certain benign and malignant tumors and the risk of rare complications of these hamartomatous polyps. Although malignant tumors are increasingly reported in association with the Peutz-Jeghers syndrome, to our knowledge, there have been no previous reports of such an association in the literature.
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16/53. Chief cell hyperplasia with structural and nuclear atypia: a variant of fundic gland polyp.

    A case of an unusual variant of fundic gland polyp (FGP) composed of chief cell hyperplasia with structural and nuclear atypia in an 87-year-old woman is presented. Gastrointestinal endoscopy revealed a sessile polyp in the cardia/ corpus transition zone and a polypoid lesion in the fundus. Histologically, the polyp in the cardia/corpus showed a typical appearance of FGP, while that in fundus demonstrated a tumorous lesion composed of irregular branched tubules with nuclear stratification. Despite the structural distortion and nuclear atypia, mitotic figures were absent and MIB-1 positive cells were less than 3%. Immunohistochemically, the cytoplasms of the tubules were negative for gastric mucin and Muc-5AC glycoprotein, but mostly positive for pepsinogen-I, indicating that the proliferated glands consisted mainly of chief cells, not mucous cells. Parietal cells were occasionally found in the glands. At the periphery of the lesion, microcysts composed of parietal cells, chief cells, and mucous cells had developed. Altogether, the polyp in the fundus was diagnosed as an unusual variant of FGP with chief cell hyperplasia. This FGP should be differentiated from tubular adenocarcinoma. Proliferation of chief cells with occasional parietal cells is critical for the differential diagnosis.
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17/53. Renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the ovary: a report of three cases emphasizing possible confusion with ovarian clear cell adenocarcinoma.

    The clinical and pathological features of three personally observed and six previously reported cases of renal cell carcinoma metastatic to the ovary are reviewed. The patients' ages ranged from 39 to 64 (average, 52) years. In five patients the ovarian tumor was discovered first. In four of these patients renal tumors were detected during the initial clinical studies or in the early postoperative period, but in the fifth the renal primary tumor was not detected until 8 years later. The ovarian tumor in two cases was initially misdiagnosed as a primary ovarian clear cell carcinoma. In the remaining four patients the ovarian metastasis was detected 5 months, 12 months, 19 months, and 11 years after a renal tumor had been removed. In two patients the initial clinical manifestations were due to a metastasis of the renal tumor, to the thyroid gland in one and to the vagina in the other. The renal tumors in these nine patients typically were well-differentiated renal cell adenocarcinomas of clear cell type. The ovarian tumors measured from 7 to 18 (average, 12.5) cm in greatest dimension; two of them were bilateral. Grossly they were usually solid or solid and cystic; one was a unilocular cyst with a predominantly smooth lining and a 2.5-cm solid nodule in one area. The solid component of the tumors was typically either uniformly yellow or had focal yellow areas with hemorrhagic foci. Microscopic examination showed a relatively uniform picture in most cases: solid or alveolar nests of epithelial cells with abundant clear cytoplasm or tubules lined by clear cells and containing intraluminal eosinophilic material and extravasated blood.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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18/53. Primary cutaneous cribriform carcinoma: a rare apocrine tumour.

    BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous cribriform carcinoma (PCCC) is a rare apocrine tumour occurring in middle-aged people. This neoplasm is often located on the limbs. The histopathological diagnosis is difficult, mainly because this tumour is exceptional. We, in this study, report a patient with PCCC. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 37-year-old man who presented with a nodule of the left knee. RESULTS: Histopathologic findings showed an asymmetrical deep dermal tumour with a cribriform pattern. The aggregations of neoplastic cells were interconnected and varied in size and shape. The cells were arranged in solid nests or tubular structures. In the lumina of tubules, some papillary protrusion of basophilic cells was seen. The ductal elements were lined by cuboidal or cylindric cells with images of decapitation secretion. The nuclei of the neoplastic cells were pleomorphic. A wide excision was performed with sentinel inguinal node biopsy. After a 2-year follow-up, neither persistence at the local site nor metastasis was observed. CONCLUSIONS: Clinical and pathological features of PCCC are reviewed. Differential diagnoses, including cutaneous metastasis of adenocarcinoma, adenoid basal cell carcinoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma, are discussed.
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19/53. Ultrastructure of clear cell carcinoma of the ovary. Case report and review of the literature.

    The fine structure of an ovarian clear cell carcinoma in a 65 year old woman was analysed. The tumor cells were of both clear and "hobnail" types. Both were characterized by the presence of short microvilli, abundant glycogen granules, a well-developed granular endoplasmic reticulum and golgi apparatus, scanty lysosomes and very few lipid bodies. The tubules and gland-like spaces were always separated from the stroma by a basement membrane. At ultrastructural level the tumor cells do not resemble at all those of cleaar cell renal carcinomas. On the other hand, their submicroscopic features are strongly similar to those of the clear cell tumors found elsewhere in the female genital tract, emphasizing therewith their very probable mullerian origin. It is recommended to eliminate the term "mesonephroma ovarii" to designate the clear cell carcinomas of the ovary.
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20/53. Polymorphous adenocarcinoma of the breast. Report of three cases.

    We report three cases of polymorphous adenocarcinoma (PLA) of the breast in 37-, 55- and 74-year-old women, respectively. The patients have no evidence of previous malignancy. The tumours consist of monotonous cells showing a wide spectrum of growth patterns: solid nests, trabeculae, tubules, cribriform structures, strands and fascicles reminiscent of polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of salivary glands. To our knowledge, PLA has never been reported in the breast; therefore, this tumour should be added to the list of neoplastic lesions of the breasts that have the same features as those of the salivary glands.
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