Cases reported "Adenolymphoma"

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11/158. Warthin's tumor. Report of a case and survey of 205 salivary neoplasms.

    A case of Warthin's tumor with an unusual sialographic appearance is reported. The extensive pooling of the contrast media within the tumor was probably the result of communication of the cystic spaces of the tumor with the ductal system of the parotid gland. This case stimulated a re-examination of the incidence of this tumor, with a study of 205 major salivary gland tumors from pathology reports in the files of Hartford Hospital which is affiliated with the University of connecticut health Center in Farmington, connecticut. ( info)

12/158. adenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) with multiple sarcoid-like granulomas.

    Five cases of adenolymphoma (Warthin's tumor) (AL) with numerous sarcoid-like granulomas within the lymphoid stroma are described. All patients were males, aged from 44 to 71 years (mean 57.3 years); all tumors were localized in the parotid gland. Fine needle aspiration cytology was performed in two cases 7.5 and 2 weeks before operation, respectively. Microscopic examination demonstrated the typical structure of AL. In addition, dispersed throughout the lymphoid stroma there were numerous granulomas formed by both epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells of Langhans type, strongly resembling sarcoidosis. The pathogenesis of the granulomatous change remains speculative. It could be caused by a toxic effect of the cysts' contents but probably not by its direct action; the spread of the fluid via sinuses into the lymphatic tissue seems to be more probable. We presume that the previous FNA may have some triggering effect. Granulomatous transformation of the lymphoid stroma resembling sarcoidosis is rare, but should be included in the spectrum of secondary changes in AL. It is not limited to metaplastic AL; it can be seen in an otherwise typical AL without any additional histologic changes. knowledge of a previous FNA and awareness of the possibility of this peculiar histologic change are necessary to avoid incorrect diagnosis. ( info)

13/158. Follicle center lymphoma and Warthin tumor involving the same anatomic site. Report of two cases and review of the literature.

    We report 2 cases of follicle center non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) and Warthin tumor involving the same site. Case 1 is a 68-year-old woman with Warthin tumor and grade 1 follicular NHL involving a periparotid lymph node. She had localized NHL and was treated with radiation therapy; dissemination developed 54 months later. Case 2 is a 55-year-old man with a 17-year history of a parotid mass with gradual enlargement during the last 5 years. Surgical excision revealed Warthin tumor and grade 1 follicular NHL involving the right parotid gland and surrounding lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical studies supported the diagnosis of NHL in both cases; the neoplasms were positive for CD20 and BCL-2 and negative for CD3. polymerase chain reaction analysis done on paraffinembedded tissue of case 1 revealed monoclonal immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement and bcl-2/JH fusion dna sequences diagnostic of the t(14;18)(q32;q21). The small size of the Warthin tumor in case 1, clearly arising in lymph node, supports the hypothesis that Warthin tumor arises from heterotopic salivary gland ducts within lymph nodes. The localized NHL in both patients suggests that the NHL initially arose in the lymph node involved by Warthin tumor, and, thus, the Warthin tumor may have provided a source of long-term antigenic stimulation from which a monoclonal B-cell population subsequently arose. ( info)

14/158. Intraoral papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum.

    The literature related to intraoral papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum is critically reviewed and the reported cases analyzed to determine the average age, sex, and race of patients, and the site distribution of this curious lesion. Two new cases are reported. The histogenesis and differential diagnosis from cystadenocarcinoma are briefly discussed. ( info)

15/158. Benign lymphoepithelial tumor of the skin ("cutaneous lymphadenoma").

    "Benign lymphoepithelial tumor of the skin" or "cutaneous lymphadenoma" is a distinctive benign adnexal tumor presenting a characteristic combination of lobules of epithelial basaloid cells with a peculiar histopathological pattern and a dense intraepithelial T-cell lymphoid and histiocytic population. We report an additional example of this peculiar neoplasm. In addition to the characteristic histopathological features, focal areas showing unequivocal follicular differentiation were observed at the periphery of the tumor. In agreement with other authors we consider that this neoplasm should be included within the spectrum of neoplasms of pilosebaceous origin. Nevertheless, we consider that the original and simple concept of "benign lymphoepithelial tumor of the skin" seems more suitable and illustrative than the more widely used term of "cutaneous lymphadenoma" to define this rare benign adnexal neoplasm. ( info)

16/158. Warthin-like tumour of the thyroid gland: RET/PTC expression indicates it is a variant of papillary carcinoma.

    AIMS: Three cases with features of so-called 'Warthin-like tumour' of the thyroid (WaLTT) are described, in order to evaluate its relationship with papillary carcinoma (PC). methods AND RESULTS: We performed an histological and immunohistochemical study with emphasis on RET/PTC expression. The most striking features are represented by marked lymphocytic infiltration in the stalks of papillae and by oxyphilic metaplasia of epithelium, resembling Warthin tumour of the salivary gland. In all cases, we found nuclear features reminiscent of PC. The neoplastic cells were strongly positive for Leu M1 and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), less for thyroglobulin and negative for calcitonin. The lymphocytic infiltrate was composed of a mixed population of B and T-cells with sparse S100-positive langerhans cells. An interesting finding was the strong positivity with the antibody against RET/PTC. CONCLUSION: All clinicopathological data along with the presence of the extensive lymphocytic infiltrate could imply a more favourable prognosis. The expression of RET/PTC fusion gene adds support to the hypothesis that this tumour is a variant of PC, probably related to the oncocytic variant of PC. ( info)

17/158. Differentiating hiv-1 parotid cysts from papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum.

    BACKGROUND: patients with parotid cystic lesions may first be seen in the dental office. These conditions most often represent either papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum, or PCL, or lymphoepithelial cysts associated with human immunodeficiency virus, or HIV, disease. The authors present a case report to illustrate the differential diagnosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: PCL represents a benign, usually unilateral, circumscribed parotid tumor with cystic elements. HIV-associated lymphoepithelial cysts of the parotid gland usually are seen bilaterally, create cosmetic concerns and are hallmarked by an associated cervical lymphadenopathy. Therapy for PCL demands surgical excision, while patients with HIV-associated lymphoepithelial cysts may be treated with antiviral therapy and undergo periodic monitoring by a physician. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: As a member of the health care team, the dentist must be familiar with head and neck swellings. Early clinical recognition of parotid swellings leads to successful treatment. ( info)

18/158. Warthin-like papillary carcinoma of the thyroid.

    BACKGROUND: Warthin-like papillary carcinoma of thyroid is characterized by distinct papillary formations lined by tumor cells with oncocytic cytoplasm, nuclear features of papillary carcinoma, and brisk lymphoplasmacytic infiltrates in the papillary stalks. This tumor derives its name from its close resemblance to Warthin tumor of major salivary glands. DESIGN: The clinicopathologic features of 17 patients with Warthin-like papillary carcinoma were studied. RESULTS: Fifteen tumors occurred in women and 2 arose in men (age range, 23-63 years). The lesions ranged in size from 3 mm to 2.5 cm. Fine-needle aspiration biopsies were performed in 7 cases; 4 were diagnosed as papillary carcinoma, 2 as consistent with lymphocytic thyroiditis, and 1 as atypical cells. All 17 tumors were confined to the thyroid; 6 showed prominent cyst formation and the remaining tumors were solid. In each case, the tumor arose in a background of lymphocytic thyroiditis. Nodal metastases were identified in 3 cases; however, none showed distant metastases. In 7 cases, foci of papillary microcarcinoma and follicular variant of papillary carcinoma were found in other areas of the thyroid. CONCLUSIONS: Warthin-like tumors can be mistaken for benign lymphoepithelial lesions of the thyroid, Hurthle cell carcinoma, and tall cell variant of papillary carcinoma in both fine-needle aspiration and histology specimens. Follow-up information on the previously reported cases has suggested that these tumors behave similarly to usual papillary carcinoma. The extensive lymphocytic infiltration in these tumors and their association with chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis may suggest a role for immunological mechanisms in the pathogenesis of thyroid tumors. ( info)

19/158. skin ulcer at the blunt apex of a giant Warthin's tumor.

    An unusual finding of Warthin's tumor or papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum with ulceration of the overlying skin is described in a patient who refused surgical removal of this growth. The present article is the second case published in the English language dermatological literature on this fascinating tumor. To our knowledge, the clinical presentation and course of the disorder in this individual are unique. ( info)

20/158. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma involving Warthin tumor. A report of five cases and review of the literature.

    We describe 5 cases of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) involving Warthin tumor (WT) of the parotid gland. The WT size ranged from 1.7 to 6.0 cm. The MECs were much smaller, 0.3 to 1.7 cm. In 3 cases, the WT completely surrounded the MEC, and in 2 cases neither WT nor MEC surrounded the other. Each MEC was low grade, 3 grade I and 2 grade II. One MEC had evidence of vascular invasion. All patients underwent partial or subtotal parotidectomy with negative resection margins. Clinical follow-up (range, 8-52 months) for 3 patients showed no evidence of recurrence. The pathogenetic relationship between WT and MEC in these cases is uncertain. In 4 cases, foci of squamous or mucous metaplasia were found in the WT component, associated with mild cytologic atypia in 3 tumors. However, a direct transition from WT to MEC was not identified. In 1 case, MEC was present 45 months before WT, suggesting that the recurrent MEC involved WT coincidentally. The small size and low grade of the MEC and the negative resection margins most likely explain the good outcome for the 3 patients with clinical follow-up data available. ( info)
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