Cases reported "Adenoma, Bile Duct"

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1/183. Papillary adenoma of the distal common bile duct.

    A 73-year-old man with a papillary adenoma located in the distal common bile duct is reported. He underwent pylorus-preserving pancreatoduodenectomy. The lesion in the common bile duct featured papillary proliferation of the epithelium and fibrous elements with diffuse infiltration by inflammatory cells. Positive staining for MIB-1 (Ki-67) and p53 was identified in the nuclei of the proliferative epithelium. These findings suggested the malignant potential of this lesion. Further progress in imaging diagnostic techniques should increase the frequency with which such lesions are discovered. Even now, if mural irregularities and defects are found in the extrahepatic biliary system, especially the distal common bile duct, the possibility of such borderline biliary adenoma should be taken into consideration when making a diagnosis. ( info)

2/183. Intrahepatic biliary cystadenoma causing luminal common bile duct obstruction.

    BACKGROUND: Biliary cystadenomas are rare cystic tumours that arise in the liver or less frequently in the extrahepatic biliary system. They are commoner in middle-aged women, their most favoured site is the right hepatic lobe. methods: Case report and review of the literature. RESULTS: We present only the second case of an intrahepatic cystadenoma causing luminal obstruction of the common bile duct. Clinical presentation is often non-specific and can prove to be a diagnostic challenge. CONCLUSION: Wide local excision of biliary cystadenomas is recommended, with regular radiological follow-up. ( info)

3/183. Biliary cystadenoma: rare variant of intrahepatic cystic disease.

    Intrahepatic nonparasitic cystic disease is rare and may be of congenital or neoplastic origin. The most frequent symptoms and signs are nonspecific and include pain, nausea, fullness, increased girth, and palpable mass. Interventional therapy is reserved for symptomatic patients, which usually corresponds to cysts >5 cm in diameter. Retrospective analysis revealed 26 cases of intrahepatic cystic disease over 15 years at our institution. We discuss the case of a patient who had bilobular biliary cystadenomatous disease, a rare, benign variant of intrahepatic nonparasitic cystic disease. ( info)

4/183. Huge biliary cystadenoma mimicking cholecystic lymphangioma in subhepatic space.

    Biliary cystadenoma is a rare cystic neoplasm and constitutes only 5% of all intrahepatic cysts of biliary origin. We report a case of a 44-year-old woman with huge biliary cystadenoma in the subhepatic space, mimicking a cholecystic lymphangioma. Findings of various imaging modalities including reconstructed CT image are presented and correlated with surgical and pathologic findings. ( info)

5/183. Atypical bile duct adenoma, clear cell type: a previously undescribed tumor of the liver.

    A variable proportion of bile duct adenomas of the liver are still confused with metastatic well-differentiated adenocarcinoma by surgeons and pathologists. We present here three examples of previously undescribed primary hepatic bile duct tumors that were composed almost entirely of clear cells that closely mimicked metastatic renal cell carcinoma. They were interpreted as atypical bile duct adenomas and occurred in two males and one female whose ages ranged from 25 to 64 years. All three tumors were incidental findings and measured from 0.8 to 1.1 cm. The clear neoplastic cells showed mild nuclear atypia and no mitotic activity. They were arranged in tubules and nests that focally infiltrated the hepatic parenchyma. For comparison, a case of clear cell cholangiocarcinoma and 13 conventional bile duct adenomas were examined. The clear cell cholangiocarcinoma was larger (6.0 cm) and had the tubular pattern of conventional cholangiocarcinoma and an abundant desmoplastic stroma. The clear cells of this tumor exhibited greater nuclear atypia and increased mitotic activity. All three atypical bile duct adenomas expressed cytokeratin (CK) 7, p53 protein, epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA); they were negative for CK20, vimentin, Hep Par 1, chromogranin, and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) and exhibited less than 10% of Ki-67-positive nuclei. One atypical bile duct adenoma displayed luminal immunoreactivity for villin. With the exception of Ki-67 reactivity, the 13 conventional bile duct adenomas and the clear cell cholangiocarcinoma had essentially a similar immunohistochemical profile as that of the atypical clear cell bile duct adenomas. The absence of an extrahepatic primary tumor, the histologic features, the immunohistochemical profile, and the fact that all patients are symptom-free 2 months to 18 years after wedge liver biopsy support the interpretation of atypical clear cell bile duct adenoma. The differential diagnosis with clear cell hepatocellular carcinoma and metastatic clear cell carcinomas is discussed. ( info)

6/183. Malignant intrahepatic biliary papillomatosis associated with viral C cirrhosis.

    Biliary papillomatosis is a rare entity characterized by multiple papillary adenomas involving extensive areas of the biliary tract with a great potential for recurrence and malignant transformation. It has been reported in association with caroli disease and a choledochal cyst. We report herein a case of malignant intrahepatic biliary papillomatosis associated with cirrhosis secondary to hepatitis c. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of this association. ( info)

7/183. Giant cell tumor-like cholangiocarcinoma associated with systemic cholelithiasis.

    A cholangiocarcinoma of the hepatic hilus with an element of giant cell tumor that occurred in a 59-year-old man is reported. His medical history included systemic cholelithiasis and repeated operations on the biliary passages. Four years after the last operation, which was a hepatic segmentectomy, he was readmitted because of persistent fever. A computed tomography scan showed a low-density area and stones in the hepatic hilus. He died of hepatic failure approximately 1 month later. At autopsy, a fist-sized tumor and gallstones were found at the hepatic hilus. Histologically, the tumor mainly showed sarcomatoid features and some tubular adenocarcinoma. An element of giant cell tumor consisting of many osteoclast-type giant cells also was noted. The results of immunohistochemical studies showed a positive reaction to cytokeratin and vimentin in some of the spindle-shaped sarcomatoid cells. Sarcomatoid bile duct carcinomas are rare, as are those with osteoclast-type giant cells. The authors also discuss the histogenesis of these giant cells. ( info)

8/183. cholangiocarcinoma developing after simple excision of a type II choledochal cyst.

    We have reported the fourth case of cholangiocarcinoma associated with a resected diverticulum of the common bile duct (type II choledochal cyst). The malignancy developed 2 years after adenomatous hyperplasia was demonstrated by simple excision of the cyst. We hypothesize that adenomatous hyperplasia is an early phase of malignant transformation in such patients. We believe the finding of adenomatous hyperplasia is of considerable importance in determining the extent of surgical resection. ( info)

9/183. Extensive portal tumor thrombi with portal hypertension in an autopsy case of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.

    Vascular invasion is not a prominent feature of cholangiocarcinoma (CCC), in contrast to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which frequently shows extensive vascular tumor thrombi. We report an autopsy case of CCC with extensive portal tumor thrombi and portal hypertension. A 57-yr-old man presented with abdominal pain. liver imaging revealed no tumors, but showed intrahepatic portal venous obstruction. HCC with portal tumor thrombi was suspected clinically. His clinical course was rapid; he died of hepatic failure 50 days after admission. At autopsy, the liver (2,700 g) was studded with diffuse whitish yellow granular areas with flecks of coalescent granules. Intrahepatic portal veins were diffusely occluded by tumor thrombi. Microscopically, the tumor was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma with mucin; tumor cells were immunohistochemically positive for carcinoembryonic antigen, CA 19-9, DU-PAN-2, and biliary type cytokeratins, but negative for alpha-fetoprotein. Tumor cells were diffuse in the liver, and there were numerous tumor thrombi in the small portal veins. hepatic veins and small arteries were occasionally occluded by tumor thrombi. There was ascites, splenomegaly and tumor thrombi in the gastric and esophageal veins, suggesting that portal hypertension had been present. This tumor seemed to have marked affinity to invade portal veins. It must be stressed that there are CCCs with extensive portal tumor thrombi and resultant portal hypertension. ( info)

10/183. MRI manifestations of peritoneal carcinomatosis.

    Three cases of proved peritoneal carcinomatosis were examined by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). air was used to distend the entire gastrointestinal tract via an antegrade method. The findings included seedings along the small intestine, transverse and sigmoid colon, stellate pattern in the mesentery, plaque-like and bulky tumor masses in the mesentery and greater omentum, and focal thickenings along the right subdiaphragmatic parietal peritoneum. Stenosis caused by tumor encasement at the duodenojejunal junction and ileocolic anastomosis were first detected by MRI and later confirmed by barium studies. ascites was present in all cases. One case showed ascites located only along the left paracolic gutter. This report shows that MRI is also able to demonstrate peritoneal carcinomatosis by using air as a gastrointestinal contrast medium. ( info)
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