Cases reported "Adenoma, Pleomorphic"

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21/344. Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma of the oral cavity.

    Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma (PLGA) is a neoplasm arising most commonly within the minor salivary glands of the oral cavity. Not recognized as a distinct entity until 1983, PLGA was often misdiagnosed as adenoid cystic carcinoma or pleomorphic adenoma. PLGA is thought to be the second most common salivary gland tumor after mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Affecting individuals later in life, PLGA often presents as a firm, painless nodule that exhibits a locally aggressive, infiltrative pattern. Because of PLGA's slow growth rate and low rate of metastasis, differentiation from other disease entities is crucial for treatment modalities. The study presented here reviews three cases of PLGA, their treatment and follow-up.
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22/344. Elongated uvula with a pleomorphic adenoma: a rare cause of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

    The authors encountered a case of elongated uvula with a pleomorphic adenoma originating from the minor salivary gland, causing frequent upper airway obstruction. A 75-year-old woman had obstructive sleep apnea syndrome brought about by the swallowing impact of the pendulous tumor into the hypopharyngeal and supralaryngeal spaces. Although there are some case reports about tumors originating from the uvula, this is the first reported to cause obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
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23/344. Metastasizing mixed tumor of the parotid: initial presentation as a solitary kidney tumor and ultimate carcinomatous transformation at the primary site.

    Benign mixed tumors of the salivary glands are generally regarded as indolent and harmless neoplasms. A subset of benign mixed tumors, however, can undergo carcinomatous transformation (that is, carcinoma ex-mixed tumor). Even more rarely, a mixed tumor that is seemingly benign at the microscopic level will metastasize like a true carcinoma (that is, metastasizing mixed tumor [MZMT]). Despite the benign appearance of the metastatic implants, there is usually little doubt regarding their true nature and origin. patients invariably have had a mixed tumor removed from the parotid or some other salivary gland, and metastatic spread is usually preceded by multiple episodes of local tumor recurrence. We report a case of MZMT that presented as a solitary kidney mass. In the absence of a previous or concurrent salivary gland tumor, its metastatic nature was not appreciated and it was regarded as an unusual but benign kidney adenoma. One year after removal of the kidney mass, the patient presented with signs and symptoms of an aggressive parotid tumor. Pathologic examination of the tumor in the parotid demonstrated a high-grade carcinoma arising from a mixed tumor. This case underscores the importance of considering MZMT when a seemingly benign mixed tumor is encountered at a nonsalivary site, even in patients without a supportive history. Failure to do so may cause an unnecessary delay in primary tumor diagnosis and management, allow the primary tumor to progress toward a more malignant phenotype, and deny the patient a high expectation for a complete cure.
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24/344. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the tongue.

    Malignant tumours of the salivary glands in children are extremely rare. We present here a 12-year-old girl initially diagnosed as pleomorphic adenoma on fine needle aspiration biopsy, and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) after the lesion was excised and examined by histopathology. A wide resection of the lesion and bilateral supraomyohyoid neck dissection was performed. To our knowledge this is one of the youngest patients with ACC of the minor salivary glands. Due to its benign histological appearance, the biological agressiveness of ACC is usually underestimated. Although fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is very valuable in diagnosis, cytological variations of pleomorphic adenoma must be considered. ACC of the tongue in a young age group should be treated with wide resection and selective neck dissection if the tumour is localized in places where the risk of metastasis is increased and if there is a clinically palpable lymph node. In such cases the clinician should not avoid radical operations even in a young patient.
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25/344. Pleomorphic adenoma causing acute airway obstruction.

    A case is reported of a pleomorphic adenoma of the minor salivary glands of the oral cavity presenting with acute airway obstruction. This is the first reported case to our knowledge of a mixed salivary tumour of the upper respiratory tract causing upper airway obstruction and acute respiratory failure. The patient had to be intubated and transferred to the intensive care unit. After an elective tracheostomy was performed, the adenoma was excised from its fibrous capsule. It was found to originate from the soft palate and occupied the parapharyngeal space. A high index of suspicion should be kept in order to diagnose tumours of the parapharyngeal space with unusual presentation. These tumours which are usually benign should be considered in the differential diagnosis from more common infectious or traumatic conditions and surgical morbidity should be minimal.
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26/344. Pleomorphic adenoma of the pterygopalatine fossa: a case report.

    Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign tumor of the major salivary glands. It can also Occur in the minor salivary glands, mainly in the oral cavity, and in other sites in the head and neck region. We present a very rare case of PA in the pterygopalatine fossa. Surgical resection of the tumor was performed via the transmaxillary approach. The patient has experienced neither surgical complications nor recurrence in the past 3 years. This case suggests that a localized benign tumor in the pterygopalatine fossa can be removed safely and efficaciously via a transmaxillary approach.
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27/344. Fine-needle aspiration cytology of lymphangioma of the parotid gland in an adult.

    lymphangioma or cystic hygroma is an uncommon benign congenital tumor of lymphatics that is seen in children and, rarely, adults. lymphangioma primarily involving the parotid gland is an extremely uncommon occurrence in adults. We report on the cytologic findings of a parotid lymphangioma in a 34-yr-old man which showed 13 cc of yellow fluid with red blood cells, lymphocytes, and rare fragments of benign-appearing salivary gland epithelium. The differential diagnosis of cystic parotid gland lesions in adults may include Warthin's tumor, lymphoma, benign lymphoepithelial lesions, branchial cleft cysts, chronic sialadenitis, cystic low-grade mucoepidermoid carcinoma, and cystic pleomorphic adenoma. In this case, the fine-needle aspiration findings along with the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of a multiloculated cystic mass in the parotid gland allowed the diagnosis of lymphangioma.
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28/344. Recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the palate in a child.

    A rare case of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the palate in a 9-year-old boy is presented. Pleomorphic adenoma is relatively rare in children compared with its incidence in adults. However, it is the most common benign epithelial tumour of the salivary glands. The majority of pleomorphic adenomata in children occur in the major salivary glands, mainly the parotid gland. Pleomorphic adenomata of the minor salivary glands are rare in children and mainly occur in the palatal glands. Of the few cases of pleomorphic adenoma of the palate reported in children, only one case showed recurrence of the tumour after primary excision. We present the second case of recurrent pleomorphic adenoma of the palate in a child.
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29/344. Chondroid syringomas of the eyelid: two cases.

    PURPOSE: We report two new cases of chondroid syringoma (CS) of the eyelid. Until 1961, this entity was known as pleomorphic adenoma or benign mixed tumour of the skin of salivary glands type. This tumour occurs most commonly in the head and neck regions. case reports: We describe two cases of CS with rapid growth, in the upper right eyelid, with no relation with the palpebral lobe of the lacrimal gland. RESULTS. Treatment consists of wide local surgical excision with its capsule, in its entirety. CONCLUSIONS: These tumours of the ocular adnexa are exceedingly rare. Malignant transformation is possible.
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30/344. Pleomorphic adenoma of the nose.

    Pleomorphic adenoma is the most frequent tumor of the major salivary glands. It is rarely located in the lacrymal glands and is unusual in the nasal cavity. A rare case of a pleomorphic adenoma of the nose is presented along with a review of the literature. The use of nasal endoscopy in removing tumors of the nose and paranasal sinuses is discussed.
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