Cases reported "Adenoma"

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1/118. A case of aldosterone-producing adenoma with severe postoperative hyperkalemia.

    It is known that some patients with primary aldosteronism show postoperative hyperkalemia, which is due to inability of the adrenal gland to secrete sufficient amounts of aldosterone. However, hyperkalemia is generally neither severe nor prolonged, in which replacement therapy with mineralocorticoid is seldom necessary. We report a case of a 46-year-old woman with an aldosterone-producing adenoma associated with severe postoperative hyperkalemia. After unilateral adrenalectomy, the patient showed episodes of severe hyperkalemia for four months, which required not only cation-exchange resin, but also mineralocorticoid replacement. plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) was low, although PAC was increased after rapid ACTH test. Histological examination indicated the presence of adrenocortical tumor and paradoxical hyperplasia of zona glomerulosa in the adjacent adrenal. immunohistochemistry demonstrated that the enzymes involved in aldosterone synthesis, such as cholesterol side chain cleavage (P-450scc), 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (3beta-HSD), and 21-hydroxylase (P-450c21), or the enzyme involved in glucocorticoid synthesis, 11beta-hydroxylase (P-450c11beta), were expressed in the tumor, but they were completely absent in zona glomerulosa of the adjacent adrenal. These findings were consistent with the patterns of primary aldosteronism. serum potassium level was gradually decreased with concomitant increase in PAC. These results suggest that severe postoperative hyperkalemia of the present case was attributable to severe suppression of aldosterone synthesis in the adjacent and contralateral adrenal, which resulted in slow recovery of aldosterone secretion. It is plausible that aldosterone synthesis of adjacent and contralateral adrenal glands is severely impaired in some cases with primary aldosteronism, as glucocorticoid synthesis in cushing syndrome.
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ranking = 1
keywords = aldosteronism
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2/118. Hazards of laparoscopic adrenalectomy for Conn's adenoma. When enthusiasm turns to tragedy.

    A 74-year-old man with primary aldosteronism had a small tumor (27 x 23 mm) of his right adrenal gland successfully removed by a transperitoneal laparoscopy. Despite absence of malignancy in the resected tumor and complete relief of all symptoms in the immediate postoperative period, recurrence occurred 6 months later. The tumor behaved as a carcinoma spread in the peritoneal cavity, and the patient eventually died with peritoneal carcinomatosis. We suggest that the laparoscopic technique coupled with pneumoperitoneum may have favored this recurrence.
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ranking = 0.33333333333333
keywords = aldosteronism
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3/118. aldosterone-producing adenoma without hypertension: a report of two cases.

    Normotensive primary hyperaldosteronism is exceedingly rare. We report two new cases of this syndrome in two middle-aged women, one of Asian origin. The presenting signs were tetany in one case and an adrenal mass in the other. Neither patient had hypertension, despite repeated measurements with a manual armlet. A typical biological profile of primary hyperaldosteronism was demonstrated in both patients, including hypokalemia with inappropriate kaliuresis, elevated resting plasma aldosterone, and undetectable plasma renin activity. The circadian rhythm of blood pressure was studied by ambulatory monitoring pre- and post-operatively. It confirmed the lack of hypertension, but the circadian rhythm of blood pressure was lost before surgery in one patient. Surgical removal of the histologically typical aldosterone-producing adenomas normalized the kalemia. The main finding in these two patients was spontaneously low blood pressure in the post-operative period. This suggests that excess aldosterone induced relative hypertension in these patients whose blood pressure was spontaneously very low. Genetic screening for dexamethasone-sensitive hyperaldosteronism was negative in both patients.
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ranking = 1.3539376145743
keywords = aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
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4/118. aldosterone-producing adrenocortical adenoma in childhood: a case report.

    aldosterone-producing adrenal tumor is an exceptional cause of hypertension in childhood. The authors describe an 11-year-old girl with hypertension and lower limb weakness who had hyperaldosteronism and left adrenocortical adenoma.
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ranking = 0.45131253819144
keywords = aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
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5/118. Unmasking of primary hyperaldosteronism by renal transplantation.

    BACKGROUND: Primary hyperaldosteronism is an uncommon cause of hypertension in the general population. Given the mechanism of action of aldosterone clinical manifestations may not occur in the setting of end stage renal disease. However, if a successful renal transplant is performed clinical manifestations may occur. methods: We present a case of a patient with a preexisting adrenal adenoma who only presented with clinical signs of hyperaldosteronism after renal transplantation. patients' work-up included plasma aldosterone, plasma renin activity, serum cortisol, and estimation of trans tubular potassium gradient. RESULTS: The patient's serum aldosterone was markedly elevated with a relatively suppressed plasma renin activity. Trans tubular potassium gradient was high in the presence of hypokalemia. CONCLUSION: Previously silent hyperaldosteronism may be unmasked by a successful renal transplant.
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ranking = 3.1591877673401
keywords = aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
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6/118. Laparoscopic adrenalectomy for primary hyperaldosteronism during pregnancy.

    Laparoscopic adrenalectomy was performed early in the second trimester of pregnancy in a woman with an aldosteronoma causing hypertension (254/154 mm Hg). The patient was later delivered of a healthy baby. With suitable precautions and timing, major laparoscopic surgery can be performed safely during pregnancy.
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ranking = 1.8052501527658
keywords = aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
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7/118. Primary aldosteronism in pregnancy.

    Aldosteronism is a rare complication of pregnancy. We report a case of a 26-year-old woman who became pregnant soon after a diagnosis of primary aldosteronism due to left adrenal adenoma was made. Only oral potassium supplementation was required in addition to routine prenatal care until 36 weeks' gestation. Subsequently, antihypertensive medication was needed to control elevated blood pressure. A healthy male infant was delivered by cesarean section because of abruptio placentae. The postoperative course was uneventful. Left adrenalectomy was conducted eight months after delivery under laparoscopic visualization. In this case report, we discuss management of aldosteronism in pregnancy and review the literature.
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ranking = 2
keywords = aldosteronism
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8/118. Approach to the patient with hypertension, unexplained hypokalemia, and metabolic alkalosis.

    We present a patient with hypertension and hypokalemia secondary to an aldosterone-producing adenoma that was renin responsive (APARR). We discussed the sequential approach to the diagnosis of the different subtypes of primary aldosteronism and confirmed the presence of an APARR. The most common cause of primary aldosteronism is an aldosteronoma; functionally, these adenomas respond poorly to angiotensin ii but show a brisk response to adrenocorticotropin hormone. They have a pattern of aldosterone level that declines in parallel with cortisol levels. Our patient had an APARR, with an increase of aldosterone in the upright posture. The unusual physiologic response, incidence, and clinical characteristics of APARR are reviewed.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = aldosteronism
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9/118. Intermittent hyperaldosteronism in a child due to an adrenal adenoma.

    aldosterone producing adenoma (APA) is a rare but potentially curable form of paediatric hypertension. We report a case of APA in a 9-year-old boy, suspected due to persistent hypokalaemia. Neither BP nor initial laboratory investigations disclosed the diagnosis and the presence of an APA was suggested by functional tests and radiological findings. Histologically, a cortical tumour was found associated with a marked medullary hyperplasia of both chromaffin and ganglion cells. CONCLUSION: This case reinforces the need for further investigations in patients with misleading clinical and laboratory data.
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ranking = 1.8052501527658
keywords = aldosteronism, hyperaldosteronism
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10/118. aldosterone-producing adenoma with prolonged amelioration by dexamethasone.

    Secretion of aldosterone from aldosterone-producing adenoma (APA) is to some degree under the control of ACTH and the suppressible effect of glucocorticoid on plasma aldosterone concentration (PAC) and blood pressure has been reported to be transient. We report a rare case of aldosteronism due to APA in which PAC and blood pressure were well controlled with small dose dexamethasone for over one year. No chimeric gene of glucocorticoid-remediable aldosteronism (GRA) was found in dna of APA and leukocytes from peripheral blood and 17alpha-hydroxylase deficiency (17-OH-D) was ruled out by endocrinological examinations, this case indicates the possibility of an unknown mechanism of ACTH-dependent APA.
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ranking = 0.66666666666667
keywords = aldosteronism
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