Cases reported "Adenoma"

Filter by keywords:



Filtering documents. Please wait...

1/130. Metanephric adenoma of the kidney.

    BACKGROUND: Metanephric adenoma is a rare renal neoplasm that is histologically and clinically unique. We found this neoplasm in a 62-year-old female, whose renal tumor was incidentally detected on abdominal ultrasound examination. methods/RESULTS: Ultrasound, computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging were compatible with those of renal cell carcinoma. With a diagnosis of renal cell carcinoma, right partial nephrectomy was performed. This tumor showed histologic similarity to developing metanephric tubular epithelium. It was composed of uniformly small epithelial cells, which formed tubules. CONCLUSIONS: The patient has been well and healthy for 20 months after surgery. The unique features of metanephric adenoma should be clinically and pathologically recognized because of its invariably benign course.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

2/130. A case of renal metanephric adenoma: histologic, immunohistochemical and cytogenetic analyses.

    BACKGROUND: A unique case of metanephric adenoma of the left kidney is reported in a 61-year-old woman presenting with an incidental renal mass on ultrasonography. methods/RESULTS: On radiographic examination, the presence of hypovascular renal cell carcinoma was suspected and left radical nephrectomy was performed. The resected tumor, measuring 4.9 x 4.7 x 4.5 cm, was well-circumscribed and solid and its cut surface was tan-pink with foci of focal hemorrhage and cystic change. Microscopically, the tumor was composed of uniformly small acini with hyperchromatic round nuclei. Some acini were dilated and occasionally contained glomeruloid-like bodies and psamoma bodies. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells showed positive immunoreaction for vimentin, cytokeratin and Leu 7. Cytogenetically, the tumor did not show numerical aberrations of chromosome 7 or 17 by fluorescence in situ hybridization. CONCLUSIONS: The patient is alive without recurrence or metastasis 4 years after surgery. Metanephric adenoma must be differentiated from other renal tumors, particularly Wilms' tumor or low-grade renal cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical and cytogenetic analysis may be helpful in difficult cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

3/130. Metanephric adenoma-like tumors of the kidney: report of 3 malignancies with emphasis on discriminating features.

    BACKGROUND: Metanephric adenoma is a very rare benign renal tumor; only 80 well-documented cases have been reported to date. We have seen several renal tumors that were originally incorrectly diagnosed as metanephric adenoma. DESIGN: We present 3 unusual renal tumors (2 primary and 1 metastatic), each of which illustrates important pathologic features useful in discriminating metanephric adenoma from malignant mimics. RESULTS: Case 1 involved a 46-year-old man with multiple small, cortical, solid, papillary (chromophil) renal cell carcinomas in his right kidney; the patient developed multiple, histologically identical, solid, papillary (chromophil) carcinomas in the opposite kidney 17 months later. Case 2 involved a 32-year-old woman with a 14-cm right renal tumor who developed soft tissue and bone metastases over a 17-year period. Case 3 involved a 52-year-old woman who presented with a 1.8-cm corticomedullary renal nodule, which eventually proved to represent a metastasis from a poorly differentiated (insular) carcinoma of the thyroid. All 3 tumors superficially resembled metanephric adenoma and consisted of primitive, dark-staining cells arranged in tubules or sheets. Each tumor, however, also had features inconsistent with the diagnosis of metanephric adenoma, including multifocal lesions with a variable nuclear-cytoplasmic ratio and diffuse cytokeratin 7 and epithelial membrane antigen immunopositivity in case 1, a 14-cm-diameter tumor with occasional mitoses in case 2, and a distinct fibrous capsule with capsular and vascular invasion in case 3. In addition, all 3 tumors lacked the cytologic features of bland overlapping nuclei with imperceptible cytoplasm consistently seen in metanephric adenoma. CONCLUSION: Adherence to strict histopathologic criteria will discourage misdiagnosis of a malignant or potentially malignant renal neoplasm as the rare and always benign metanephric adenoma.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.5
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

4/130. Renal adenomatosis associated with carcinoma of the lower urinary tract: a case report with immunohistochemical study.

    A case of renal adenomatosis of the left kidney associated with a carcinoma of the ipsilateral ureter in a 49-year-old man is examined. One hundred and eight adenomas, which were smaller than 15 mm in diameter, and a single microcarcinoma, which measured 1 mm in diameter, were found in the kidney. Further, there were more than 800 hyperplastic lesions which could be classified into three groups: (i) 792 of distal origin; (ii) 24 of proximal origin; and 10 of collecting duct origin. The serial sections obtained from 19 paraffin blocks were stained using Leu M1 as the proximal marker and epithelial membrane antigen (EMA) as the distal/collecting marker to assist in determining the origins. Ten of the small adenomas (15 lesions), which did not exceed 3 mm in diameter, were predominantly positive for EMA and five were predominantly positive for Leu M1. Further, hyperplastic lesions of distal and collecting duct origins were diffusely positive for EMA and sporadically positive for Leu M1. The lesions of proximal origin were predominantly positive for Leu M1 and sporadically positive for EMA. These findings suggest that a progression from hyperplasia and a direct transition from a single tubule to adenoma occurred multifocally in different segments of the nephrons throughout the left kidney.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.75
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

5/130. Metanephric adenoma in a solitary kidney.

    A case of metanephric adenoma occurring in a solitary kidney of a 31-year-old man is presented. Metanephric adenoma is extremely rare and its diagnosis should be considered in a patient with a well circumscribed renal tumour and concomitant paraneoplastic syndromes. Radiological features of the tumour are non-specific and histopathological examination is essential to establish a definitive diagnosis. Recognition of the tumour is of potential importance as conservative treatment with complete surgical enucleation will suffice in all cases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1.25
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

6/130. adenoma of the ampulla of vater: a genetic condition?

    The etiology of adenoma of the ampulla of vater is not well understood. Previous authors reported the association of this neoplasm with polycystic kidney disease of two fraternal sisters. They concluded that these two conditions were somehow related. We describe a case of ampullary adenoma associated with polycystic kidney disease. This presentation raises again the question of a possible link between these two diseases.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 2.8352818743279
keywords = kidney disease, kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

7/130. Spiradenocylindromas of the skin: tumors with morphological features of spiradenoma and cylindroma in the same lesion: report of 12 cases.

    Twelve cases of spiradenocylindromas, which revealed features of both spiradenoma and cylindroma in the same tumor mass, are presented. Nine female patients had multiple neoplasms occurring mostly on the scalp, and two female and one male patient had a solitary cutaneous lesion. Three of the female patients with multiple cutaneous tumors had a familial history of similar cutaneous neoplasms. In one of the patient's family, the multiple cutaneous tumors were known to occur in multiple family members in four consecutive generations. One patient with multiple cutaneous lesions was known to have associated multiple kidney cysts as confirmed by computed tomography. Histologically, spiradenocylindromas are composed of intermixed areas that are either of typical spiradenoma in appearance or of typical cylindroma appearance. Apocrine and trichoepitheliomatous differentiation seen in two cases in the present series points to spiradenomas, as well as cylindromas, having complex hair follicle (folliculo-sebaceous apocrine) rather than eccrine differentiation. The presence of lymphoid tissue was a histological feature in the present series, which was prominent in all the spiradenomatous parts of the tumors and which was scanty or practically absent in all the cylindromatous parts. The selective presence of lymphocytes in spiradenoma and an absence in cylindroma suggest that spiradenomas have the unique property of attracting lymphocytes. The malignant tumors arising in three patients in the present series had the morphology of a poorly differentiated epithelioid neoplasm. Three patients died of the disease and the other patients were either free of disease or alive with disease 1-30 years on follow up.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

8/130. Ulcerative colitis patients with a family history of colorectal cancer should be subjected to close and careful surveillance.

    We report two cases affected by neoplasia after colectomy with ileo-rectal anastomosis (IRA) with a positive family history of colon cancer. Case 1, a 41-year-old ulcerative colitis (UC) patient, underwent IRA in 1977. In 1986, biopsies showed high-grade dysplasia. She underwent resection of the rectal stump in 1986. Submucosal invasive carcinoma was found in the surgical specimen. The immunohistological study demonstrated p53 protein overexpression in the neoplastic lesion. Her family history fulfilled the Amsterdam criteria of hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC). Case 2, a 47-year-old UC patient, underwent ascending colostomy in 1975 and the following year IRA. Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) for a sessile adenoma was performed in 1995 and subsequently polypectomy was performed for the residual tumor. Recurrent adenoma and dysplasia in another area were detected. The immunohistological study demonstrated p53 protein overexpression only in dysplasia. Renal cancer in the right kidney was detected. Resection of the rectal stump with ileal pouch-anal anastomosis (IAA), loop ileostomy and right nephrectomy were performed in 1998. Her mother and her mother's sister had been diagnosed with colon cancer. Only in the dysplastic lesion did we detect microsatellite instability at D5S644. Both cases with neoplasia had two relatives with colorectal carcinoma. In 33 cases with UC who had been followed up, 30 cases (96.8%) without neoplasia had no family history of colorectal carcinoma. These findings suggest that UC patients with a family history of colon cancer should be put under close surveillance. It should also be emphasized that IAA is the procedure of choice for UC patients with this particular condition.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

9/130. Metanephric adenoma.

    A 59-year old woman was diagnosed with a tumour in her right kidney. A nephrectomy was performed, and a 45 mm diameter tan-pink coloured tumour was found. microscopy revealed small, dark cells in organized arrays of small round acini and tubules with glomeruloid infoldings. A diagnosis of metanephric adenoma was made. The tumour cells proved diploid on flow cytometry and immunohistochemical staining was positive for CAM 5.2 and AE-3. FISH analysis of three chromosomes did not reveal any abnormal karyotype. It is important to differentiate metanephric adenoma from renal cell carcinoma and adult Wilm's tumour, since it has a benign course.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 0.25
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)

10/130. Clinicopathologic and cytologic features of a metanephric adenoma of the kidney: a case report.

    Metanephric adenoma is a recently described rare and benign renal neoplasm. Our patient, a 37-year-old woman, suffered from flank pain for five months and was found to have a renal mass. Ultrasound, computerized tomography and angiography findings were consistent with a hypovascular renal cyst. Wilms' tumor was the initial misdiagnosis, based on needle biopsy and aspiration cytology. A radical nephrectomy was performed. Histologically, the tumor was well defined and was composed of uniform small cells arranged in a solid, tubular or rosette-like pattern. The prognosis is good for metanephric adenoma. The tumor was first considered a benign counterpart of papillary carcinoma or Wilms' tumor; however, recent cytogenetic evidence suggested that the tumor might be related to papillary adenoma and papillary renal cell carcinoma. The clinical, radiologic, histologic and cytologic features presented here should help to promote the correct preoperative diagnosis and to avoid unnecessary aggressive treatment.
- - - - - - - - - -
ranking = 1
keywords = kidney
(Clic here for more details about this article)
| Next ->


Leave a message about 'Adenoma'


We do not evaluate or guarantee the accuracy of any content in this site. Click here for the full disclaimer.