Cases reported "Adenomatosis, Pulmonary"

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1/6. A case of multiple atypical adenomatous hyperplasia of the lung detected by computed tomography.

    Multiple atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) of both lungs in a 72-year-old male, detected by computed tomography, is reported. The lesions of the right lung were resected for diagnosis via video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). The resected specimen had 22 AAH lesions up to 10 mm in size. For nine of these lesions, the expressions of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), c-erbB-2 oncoprotein and p53 gene product were examined by immunohistochemistry and the loss of heterozygosity (LOH) on chromosomes was investigated by polymerase chain reaction analysis. These lesions showed a variety of expressions for CEA, c-erbB-2 and p53 oncoprotein. Three of the nine lesions showed LOH on chromosome 13q, although this was not exhibited in the largest one. These results indicate that each AAH in this case has independent genetic abnormalities and is multicentric. ( info)

2/6. Spontaneous postnatal resolution of a cystic lung mass: A case report.

    Postnatal cystic adenomatoid malformations (CAMs) are managed by surgical excision. Asymptomatic CAMs have decreased in size with initial observation. This is the first reported case of complete resolution of a postnatal CAM. Premature infants with asymptomatic CAMs may benefit from careful observation as their initial treatment. ( info)

3/6. pregnancy complicated by acute pulmonary lymphangitic adenomatosis, metastasis and disseminated intravascular coagulation. A case report.

    BACKGROUND: The association of pregnancy and cancer is a rare event, occurring in less than 1 case per 5,000 pregnancies, and is a cause of maternal mortality in about 5% of cases. CASE: A 33-year-old, Japanese woman presented at the end of pregnancy with clinical manifestations of pneumonia and developed fatal disseminated intravascular coagulation in the postpartum period. The pathologic findings suggested the existence of a primary cancer in the gastrointestinal tract with pulmonary and placental metastases. CONCLUSION: The biologic course of malignancies in pregnancy is complex. In gastrointestinal cancer, normal pregnancy symptoms can mask and delay the diagnosis. As in this patient, very rare presentations are possible. ( info)

4/6. Multiple atypical adenomatous hyperplasia with synchronous multiple primary bronchioloalveolar carcinomas.

    We report a case of multiple atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH) associated with synchronous multiple primary bronchioloalveolar carcinomas (BACs). A 58-year-old man was visited for bronchial asthma. A chest computed tomography (CT) scan revealed small, multiple nodules with ground glass attenuation (GGA) throughout both lungs, predominantly in the upper lobes. A high resolution CT (HRCT) scan disclosed well-defined nodules with uniform GGA. Thoracoscopic wedge lung biopsy confirmed the diagnosis. The patient was treated with chemotherapy and had stable disease for two years. It is important to recognize that multiple AAH associated with multiple BACs can present as diffuse, well-defined nodules with uniform GGA on HRCT. ( info)

5/6. Synchronous pulmonary atypical adenomatous hyperplasia and metastatic osteosarcoma in a young female.

    A 17-year-old female underwent metastasectomy of three synchronous lesions in the bilateral lungs under the diagnosis of metastatic osteosarcoma, however, one of them was found to be atypical adenomatous hyperplasia (AAH). Since AAH is very rare among young people, a careful evaluation of high-resolution computed tomographic image is important in determining the operative indications and procedures in patients with multiple metastatic tumors. ( info)

6/6. Multiple bronchioloalveolar carcinomas in acromegaly: a potential role of insulin-like growth factor i in carcinogenesis.

    The molecular pathogenesis of lung cancer, especially multiple and synchronous bronchioloalveolar carcinomas (BACs), is still unknown. Here, we report two cases of multiple BACs associated with acromegaly, and discuss about the possible relationship between these two pathological condition. The first patient was a 52-year-old female with a history of Hardy's surgery for pituitary growth hormone cell adenoma 2 years earlier. The second patient was a 57-year-old female with acromegaly and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Both patients were non-smokers and showed a high serum level of insulin-like growth factor i (IGF-I) at the time of admission, even though the level of growth hormone had decreased. High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) revealed multiple small nodules with pure ground-glass opacity (GGO) in both lungs of the first patient and a small nodule with pure GGO in the right lung of the second one. Partial resection for these tumors were performed under video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Resected lung specimens of the first case revealed one papillary adenocarcinoma, seven BACs, and 11 atypical adenomatous hyperplasias (AAHs). The second case showed two foci of BACs. Immunohistochemically, all BACs were strongly positive for IGF-IR which is a specific receptor for IGF-I, and all AAHs were also weakly positive for IGF-IR. Since IGF-I is known as a potent growth factor for normal as well as cancerous cells, it might play an important role for tumorigenesis and/or tumor progression of BACs through its interaction with and/or upregulation of IGF-IR. In addition, much attention should be paid to detect lung lesions in acromegaly with high serum level of IGF-I. ( info)

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