Cases reported "Adrenal Gland Neoplasms"

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1/239. Surgical excision of a metastatic adrenal lesion in a patient with prostatic cancer.

    BACKGROUND: A 64-year-old Japanese man with stage D2 prostatic cancer, after having responded dramatically to androgen ablation, demonstrated a solitary adrenal metastasis without disease progression to any other site. methods: A surgical excision of the lesion and adjuvant systemic chemotherapy was performed. RESULTS/CONCLUSIONS: The patient has since remained alive without any evidence of recurrence 21 months after surgery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = cancer
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2/239. Primary bilateral adrenal lymphoma.

    Primary adrenal lymphoma is a rare primary neoplastic disease of the adrenal glands, with up to 65 cases reported in the literature over the past 40 years. The increasing use and sophistication of medical diagnostic imaging has allowed this disease to be diagnosed more frequently premortem, presenting more opportunity for treatment. The true incidence of these neoplasms is not known, nor is it clear why historical autopsy series have not reported this neoplasm more frequently, and why its existence has been documented more recently with advanced diagnostic imaging. This review has presented our new case, and reviewed 5 more in the literature, bringing the total number of cases to over 70. Accumulation of more cases and the experience treating these cases is needed to develop a better picture of diagnostic procedures and treatment regimens that have maximum efficacy.
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ranking = 3.6513471095084
keywords = neoplasm
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3/239. Radiotherapy for adrenal gland metastasis from lung cancer: report of three cases.

    Adrenal gland metastasis is often observed during the clinical course of patients with lung cancer. However, treatment of adrenal gland metastasis is seldom considered because of the systemic spread of the disease. Treatment with curative intent is very rare, but palliative treatment may sometimes be considered when symptoms such as flank pain are observed. Three cases of adrenal gland metastasis were reported. Two of them received surgery for lung cancer and developed a sole metastasis of the adrenal gland. Case 1 developed a sole left adrenal gland metastasis with left flank pain 14 months after surgery for large cell carcinoma of the lung. Curative radiotherapy after intra-arterial chemotherapy was given. A good response was obtained, and he has been alive for 2 years and 9 months. Case 2 developed a right adrenal gland metastasis after radiotherapy for brain metastasis, after having received right upper lobectomy because of SCLC. The increase in the size of the right adrenal gland led us to treat the lesion before symptoms developed. Radiotherapy was given on an outpatient basis. Case 3, who was previously treated with chemoradiotherapy for SCLC, developed brain, liver, and bilateral adrenal gland metastasis. Huge adrenal gland metastases displaced the pancreas and caused severe pain with the increase in serum amylase level. Concurrent radiotherapy with systemic chemotherapy was given and remarkable shrinkage of the adrenal gland metastases was obtained together with pain relief. Cases 2 and 3 died after 8 and 4 months, respectively. In some cases, radiotherapy for adrenal gland metastasis is a good palliative therapy even in the advanced stage patients. Radiotherapy can sometimes curatively treat adrenal metastasis from NSCLC, as in our Case 1, in which adrenalectomy appeared difficult at the time of recurrence.
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ranking = 1.2
keywords = cancer
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4/239. myelolipoma of the renal sinus. An unusual site for a rare extra- adrenal lesion.

    Extra-adrenal myelolipomas are rare; approximately 36 cases have been reported to date. We document a case of myelolipoma presenting as a localized mass in the renal sinus of a 66-year-old man. The chief clinical and radiologic differential diagnostic considerations in this case included a malignant renal tumor arising in the hilum. The patient was being investigated for recurrent urinary tract infections and vague abdominal pains. Histologically, the lesion showed features characteristic of a myelolipoma. There was also marked chronic inflammation in and around the mass. The uneventful follow-up of 62 months is in keeping with the benign nature of this lesion. This report expands the possibilities of the differential diagnoses of renal hilar neoplasms, particularly in view of the increased use of imaging techniques that are bound to detect many incidental lesions in this region.
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ranking = 1.8256735547542
keywords = neoplasm
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5/239. Palliative chemotherapy for malignant pheochromocytoma: symptomatic palliation of two cases.

    Malignant pheochromocytoma is a rare tumor with a poor prognosis because excess production of catecholamines leads to potentially lethal complications. Several chemotherapy regimens have been reported to be effective against this tumor, but a standard form of chemotherapy has not been established. We treated two patients with histologically confirmed pheochromocytoma after surgical removal of the primary lesion. Non-cardiogenic pulmonary edema was resolved and bone metastases were controlled by individualized chemotherapy that decreased the catecholamine levels, and the performance status was improved in both cases. Palliative chemotherapy should be designed to improve the quality of life of cancer patients.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = cancer
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6/239. Bilateral symptomatic adrenal myelolipoma.

    Myelolipomas of the adrenal gland were first described in 1905. They are rare cortical, nonfunctioning, benign neoplasms, generally unilateral, usually discovered by accident or at autopsy. Thus they are often classified as 'incidentaloma'. These tumors are more frequent in males 40-60 years old. Most adrenal myelolipomas are small (diameter < 4 cm) and asymptomatic (70%), but larger tumors may cause local symptoms secondary to mechanical compression. Very large bilateral adrenal myelolipomas are exceedingly rare. They generally require no treatment; however, if symptomatics or if diagnosis is in doubt, surgery is needed. Usually only monolateral adrenalectomy is performed, even in the presence of bilateral tumors, to preserve adrenal function. We present a case of bilateral, symptomatic giant myelolipoma in a young woman, treated with bilateral adrenalectomy.
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ranking = 1.8256735547542
keywords = neoplasm
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7/239. somatostatin receptor scintigraphy for early detection of regional and distant metastases of medullary carcinoma of the thyroid.

    Three patients are described who had regional and distant metastases of medullary thyroid cancer detected by somatostatin receptor scintigraphy but not by CT; two had minimal disease that was amenable to surgery. The first patient had been followed for 2 years before having a repeated scan and positive CT, with subsequent surgical removal of metastatic paratracheal nodes. The plasma calcitonin level, however, did not approach normal values after surgery, and a third scan showed persistence of focal uptake in the left paratracheal area of the lower neck, whereas CT was negative. At repeated exploration, a tumor mass of medullary carcinoma, embedded in lymphatic tissue, was removed. Nine months after the last surgical procedure, calcitonin and carcinoembryonic antigen levels were normal. The second patient underwent microdissection of the mediastinum and removal of two metastatic nodes that were demonstrable only by the scintigraphic technique. The plasma calcitonin level subsequently became normal. The third patient, with multiple endocrine neoplasia IIB and associated pheochromocytoma, had bony metastatic involvement of the left shoulder, demonstrable initially on somatostatin receptor scintigraphy and subsequently with radioiodinated metaiodobenzylguanidine but not on CT.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = cancer
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8/239. Amphicrine tumor.

    The term amphicrine refers to cells, and tumors, which show both exocrine and endocrine features. Author s aim was to analyse the characteristics of these neoplasms. 40 suspicious cases were reviewed. Mucin-stains (PAS, diastase-PAS, Stains-all, Alcian-blue), immunohistochemistry (antibodies against Neuron-Specific Enolase (NSE), and chromogranin a (CGA), and electronmicroscopic studies were performed to demonstrate exocrine and/or endocrine features of the tumor cells. By means of these methods, 16 cases turned out to be amphicrine tumors. Among them, there were 4 sinonasal, 1 bronchial, 1 mediastinal, 8 gastrointestinal and 2 suprarenal gland neoplasms. In connection to the subject, a brief review is given of amphicrine tumor, regarding its etiological and pathological aspects. These tumors form a distinct clinicopathological entity and should be separated from both neuroendocrine tumors and adenocarcinomas.
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ranking = 3.6513471095084
keywords = neoplasm
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9/239. Successful surgical treatment of solitary adrenal metastases from non-small cell lung cancer: case report.

    Lung cancer is one of the most common types of maligancies and has been one of the leading causes death due to cancer for a long time. Although surgery is the treatment of choice for patients with non-N2 localized disease, most of the lung cancer patients are found to have metastatic lesions at the same time as initial diagnosis. The median survival of patients with metastatic lung cancer is less than one year even when systemic chemotherapy is given. We present a patient with non-small cell lung cancer with no initial evidence of metastasis. He underwent curative resection of the primary tumor followed by local radiotherapy. Adrenal gland metastasis was found fours years after the first surgery. After surgical resection of this metastatic lesion, followed by adjuvant chemotherapy, this patient's survival was prolonged with no evidence of disease recurrence until now. The prolonged survival of this patient may be due to a slow rate of progression of the primary tumor.
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ranking = 1.8
keywords = cancer
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10/239. Long-term survival after surgical resections of bronchogenic carcinoma and adrenal metastasis.

    There is some evidence that complete resection of both primary and metastatic sites of non-small cell lung carcinoma has more influence on survival than the locoregional stage of the lung cancer. We describe prolonged survival (>5 years) after complete surgical resection of a bronchogenic carcinoma (T3N0M1) and solitary adrenal metastasis.
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ranking = 0.2
keywords = cancer
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