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1/3. tobacco allergy: demonstration of cross-reactivity with other members of solanaceae family and mugwort pollen.

    BACKGROUND: tobacco is a plant belonging to the solanaceae family. This plant is usually used as a contact insecticide for several infestations in some areas, such as the Canary islands. Allergy induced by inhalation of this plant is unusual. Identification of the potential allergen in growing areas is essential. OBJECTIVE: We report a patient with occupational sensitivity to an aqueous solution of cut tobacco whose clinical manifestations were rhinoconjunctivitis and urticaria. Past medical history was significant for seasonal allergic rhinoconjunctivitis to mugwort pollen and oral allergy syndrome with avocado. methods: Green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were prepared, skin prick tests were performed with green tobacco, cured tobacco leaf extracts, and certain aeroallergens. Conjunctival challenge test was carried out with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extract. serum-specific IgE against tobacco leaf was performed by commercial CAP. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out with tobacco and artemisia vulgaris. RESULTS: Skin prick tests and conjunctival challenge tests with green tobacco and cured tobacco leaf extracts were positive, as well as serum-specific IgE by CAP, indicating an IgE-mediated sensitization. CAP inhibition experiments were carried out and it was found that tobacco, mugwort pollen, and tomato extracts inhibited the binding of the patient's serum to solid-phase tobacco leaf. No inhibition was observed when alternaria, D. pteronyssinus, and potato were used as control inhibitors. Inhibition of immunoCAP to mugwort was obtained with mugwort and tobacco extracts and no cross-reactivity to D. pteronyssinus was shown. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that tobacco can induce IgE-mediated reactions that are mediated by the existence of common antigenic epitopes between tobacco and mugwort pollen. This allergy can be a hazard of employment in the agricultural areas.
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2/3. Occupational contact dermatitis to hydrangea.

    Two female commercial hydrangea growers, from separate nurseries, presented with similar hand and facial dermatitis. Both had a hand dermatitis affecting particularly the first three fingers and backs of both hands and complained of a recurrent facial dermatitis affecting the forehead, around both the eyes and bridge of nose. They related their dermatitis to their work. patch tests confirmed allergy to all components of hydrangeas including petal, leaf and stem. Avoidance resulted in resolution of their dermatoses. Allergy to hydrangeas has been reported previously although infrequently.
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3/3. Respiratory allergy to peach leaves and lipid-transfer proteins.

    BACKGROUND: Several lipid-transfer proteins (LTPs) have been identified as important food allergens, especially in fruits of the rosaceae family. The major peach (prunus persica) allergen has been identified, sequenced and designated Pru p 3. OBJECTIVE: To present Pru p 3 as an aeroallergen able to induce occupational asthma. methods: A thorough investigation was performed in a fruit grower with occupational asthma. Skin prick-prick tests with peach leaves and prick tests with perennial respiratory allergens and pollens, fruits and peach leaf extracts were done. serum-specific IgE was tested for peach leaf, peach fruit, peach skin and respiratory allergens that were positive in skin prick tests. Specific bronchial provocation tests (BPTs) with extracts of peach leaf were also done. Before and 24 h after the BPT, BPTs with methacholine and sputum induction were done. The IgE reactivity pattern to peach leaf and fruit extracts and to Pru p 3 was identified by using SDS-PAGE and immunoblotting. Blotting inhibition of peach leaf extract by Pru p 3 was also performed. The putative allergen was quantified in leaf and fruit skin extracts with ELISA based on an anti-Pru p 3 antibody. RESULTS: skin tests were positive for peach leaf and fruit. The BPT was positive, with immediate and delayed response. This test induced a decrease in PD20 (dose of agonist that induces a 20% fall in FEV1) methacholine and an increase in eosinophils and eosinophil cationic protein in sputum. Peach leaf extract contained concentrations of Pru p 3 similar to those found in peach skin. Specific IgE immunodetection showed that patient's sera reacted with Pru p 3, and with a single major band from the peach leaf extract fully inhibited by Pru p 3. CONCLUSION: Pru p 3 from peach leaves can act as a respiratory allergen and cause occupational rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma.
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