Cases reported "Alcohol-Induced Disorders"

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1/2. diffusion tensor imaging and fiber-tracking in marchiafava-bignami disease.

    marchiafava-bignami disease, a rare disorder most commonly seen in patients with a history of alcohol consumption, involves demyelination and subsequent necrosis of the corpus callosum. diffusion tensor imaging demonstrates regional abnormalities in the corpus callosum that are not evident by conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Furthermore, fiber-tracking demonstrates significant disruption of axonal fiber bundles within the corpus callosum, most marked within the body, corresponding to the clinical finding of interhemispheric disconnection, which is characteristic of the disease. ( info)

2/2. Electrocardiographic findings after acute absinthe intoxication.

    A 29-year-old comatose patient was brought to Emergency Department with severe alcohol intoxication. No risk factors or cardiac abnormalities were documented. The analysis was negative for other drugs. plasma electrolyte and cardiac enzymes were normal. The electrocardiogram showed Mobitz type-I atrioventricular block that developed to a rapid junctional rhythm. The patient was stabilized and recovered completely, electrocardiogram then showed sinus rhythm. He admitted important absinthe consumption. Although tachyarrhythmias are frequently developed in acute alcohol intoxication, bradyarrhythmias are exceptional in this context. We present a Wenckebach-type atrioventricular-block in severe alcohol intoxication with absinthe that developed to a rapid junctional rhythm, never described before. ( info)

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