Cases reported "Alcoholic Neuropathy"

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1/3. Toxic effects of epidural analgesia with ropivacaine 0.2% in a diabetic patient.

    A 51-year-old ASA physical status II, non-insulin-dependent diabetic male patient manifested lower limb nerve injury after receiving postoperative epidural analgesia with ropivacaine 0.2%. The case is presented, including a discussion of the relation between local anesthetic toxicity and diabetic neuropathy.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neuropathy, nerve
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2/3. Resolution of alcoholic neuropathy following liver transplantation.

    Between 10 and 20% of adult liver transplants are performed for end-stage alcoholic liver disease. Severe extrahepatic end-organ damage from alcoholism (cardiomyopathy, pancreatitis, central nervous system injury, and neuropathy) is widely regarded as an absolute contraindication to liver transplantation, despite a lack of data on the effect of transplantation on these complications. We describe such a patient who presented with decompensated alcoholic liver disease and moderately severe peripheral neuropathy. Both his liver failure and neuropathy progressed despite 9 months abstinence and intensive nutritional support. By 12 months post-transplant, however, this patient had regained almost normal muscle strength, with associated recovery in sensory and motor conduction velocities. Direct alcohol toxicity, nutritional and vitamin deficiencies, and liver failure were all likely etiologic factors in this patient's neuropathy. In conclusion, this case suggests that peripheral neuropathy in a patient with alcoholic cirrhosis may resolve following liver transplantation and should not constitute a contraindication to transplantation, even when it is disabling.
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ranking = 9.0152380439152
keywords = neuropathy, peripheral
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3/3. Multiple lipomas, alcoholism, and neuropathy: Madelung's disease or MERRF?

    We report a 51-year-old alcoholic man with a 10-year history of cervical lipomas and progressive symmetrical sensory neuropathy, initially diagnosed with Madelung's disease, an idiopathic syndrome often attributed to chronic alcoholism. The eventual development of proximal weakness led to pathological and genetic testing which identified a A8344G mutation in the mitochondrial tRNA lysine gene, associated with MERRF (myoclonic epilepsy with ragged-red fibers). This case demonstrates how the varied terminology for this syndrome has resulted in a lack of consistent recognition and assessment for mitochondrial cytopathy.
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ranking = 4.9971573101942
keywords = neuropathy
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