Cases reported "Amelogenesis Imperfecta"

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1/28. Management of gingival overgrowth associated with generalized enamel defects in a child.

    gingival overgrowth is usually associated with systemic conditions or treatment (e.g. blood dyscrasias, anti-epileptic or immunosuppressive agents). A child is presented, who had enlarged gingiva associated with a generalized enamel defect (amelogenesis imperfecta (AI), hypoplastic type) and document the periodontal and restorative management of this case.
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keywords = gingival
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2/28. Hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth.

    A female patient with hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth is presented.
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ranking = 1.25
keywords = gingival
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3/28. Supraoccluding cobalt-chrome onlays in the management of amelogenesis imperfecta in children: a 2-year case report.

    Children suffering from the inherited dental anomaly amelogenesis imperfecta frequently present with sensitive, discolored teeth and decreased lower facial height. The aim of treatment is to reduce sensitivity while maintaining the maximum amount of hard tissue possible until the patient reaches an age at which advanced restorative techniques can be used to rehabilitate the dentition. A case is presented in which amelogenesis imperfecta in the mixed dentition was managed by the placement of adhesive cast restorations. These restorations have been in place for 2 years.
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ranking = 0.12956235881563
keywords = dental
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4/28. Hypomaturation amelogenesis imperfecta: account of a family with an X-linked inheritance pattern.

    amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogeneous genetic disorder which affects the dental enamel. It can have an autosomal dominant, autosomal recessive or X-linked pattern. The authors describe a case of a family with hypomaturation X-linked AI and discuss the clinical and histopathological aspects of this disorder.
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keywords = dental
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5/28. amelogenesis imperfecta: functional and esthetic restoration of a severely compromised dentition.

    The treatment of patients with severe forms of amelogenesis imperfecta presents an interesting challenge to the dental team. A 16-year-old girl presented with a severely compromised occlusion and poor esthetics that had lowered her self-esteem. Preoperative investigations included the determination of completion of growth, an accurate diagnostic waxup, and an evaluation of clinical crown lengths. Periodontal full-flap surgery was planned to lengthen clinical crowns and create gingival harmony. This was to be followed by placement of 28 complete crowns to restore occlusal function and gain a pleasing esthetic result. All-porcelain crowns were placed from premolar to premolar in each arch (20 crowns), and porcelain-fused-to-metal crowns were placed on each molar tooth in each arch (8 crowns). The final treatment result provided this patient with a mutually protective occlusion and with esthetics that greatly enhanced her self-image.
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ranking = 0.37956235881563
keywords = gingival, dental
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6/28. Dental findings in Morquio syndrome (mucopolysaccharidoses type IVa).

    Morquio syndrome is a disorder of mucopolysaccharide metabolism with specific skeletal features. The clinical and radiographic appearance of the teeth resembles hypoplastic amelogenesis imperfecta with thin enamel of normal radiodensity. The dental practitioner has a part to play in collaboration with medical colleagues in the recognition and diagnosis of this condition.
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ranking = 0.12956235881563
keywords = dental
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7/28. Restoring function and esthetics in a patient with amelogenesis imperfecta: a case report.

    amelogenesis imperfecta is a hereditary disorder that affects enamel on primary and permanent teeth. It is a rare dental disease but represents a major restorative challenge for the dentist. A 14-year-old boy presented with sensitive, discolored, and mutilated teeth and a decreased vertical dimension of occlusion. The aim of treatment was to reduce dental sensitivity, to restore esthetics, and to correct the vertical dimension of occlusion. To modify the occlusion, and to protect the dentin from chemical and thermal attacks, nickel-chrome onlays were placed on the molars. To improve the esthetics of the incisors and premolars, resin composite restorations were applied. The patient was regularly recalled during the postoperative period. Radiographic and clinical examinations 10 months posttreatment revealed no evidence of disorders associated with the restored teeth or their supporting structures.
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ranking = 0.25912471763126
keywords = dental
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8/28. Clinical and radiographic features of a family with autosomal dominant amelogenesis imperfecta with taurodontism.

    This paper describes the clinical features of a family of four generations with autosomal dominant amelogenesis imperfecta with taurodontism (ADAIT). Considerable variation in phenotype was seen, both between individuals and within the dentition of some individuals. Many of the adults had received extensive dental restorative work. These findings re-enforce previous observations of variable phenotype in this and other forms of the condition and add to the argument for a revision of methods of classification. This history of this large family draws further attention to the restorative demands of this group of dental anomalies and, by their generous co-operation, will prove an invaluable help in the investigation by molecular genetic techniques of this disfiguring condition.
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ranking = 0.25912471763126
keywords = dental
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9/28. Dental development after successful treatment of infantile osteopetrosis with bone marrow transplantation.

    A 3-week-old boy was diagnosed with congenital osteopetrosis. He underwent a bone marrow transplant at 6 weeks of age. At 3 years of age the primary teeth had all erupted, but the canines and the first molars totally lacked root development. The teeth were smaller in size and had evidence of both enamel hypomineralization and hypoplasia. In the permanent dentition, multiple missing teeth were found. The incisors were conical and the mandibular laterals were extremely small. All permanent teeth had normal eruption. This case shows that dental development and eruption of teeth can be reconstituted in a child with congenital osteopetrosis. bone marrow transplantation induces normalization of osteoclast function, which is a prerequisite for normal dental development and eruption of teeth.
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ranking = 0.25912471763126
keywords = dental
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10/28. amelogenesis imperfecta with growth hormone deficiency in a 12 year-old boy.

    amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a diverse group of hereditary disorders that are characterized by a defect in the formation of the tooth enamel and a high degree of clinical diversity. X-linked, autosomal dominant and recessive inheritance have been demonstrated. growth hormone (GH) has an effect on bone and soft tissue development. Dental and facial abnormalities associated with pituitary dwarfism have been reported, but GH deficiency with AI is very rare. We describe a 12 year-old pre-pubertal boy who was referred to our hospital with teeth deformities and growth retardation. His teeth had brown-yellow pigmented surfaces, and dental examination showed extensive enamel deficiency in his permanent teeth. He also had severe growth retardation; height SDS was -3.6. Laboratory examinations showed reduced GH levels, and he was diagnosed as having idiopathic isolated GH deficiency and AI.
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ranking = 0.12956235881563
keywords = dental
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