Cases reported "Anaplasmosis"

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1/4. Human anaplasmosis presenting as atypical pneumonitis in france.

    Human anaplasmosis is a febrile illness caused by anaplasma phagocytophilum, an intracellular bacterium transmitted by ixodes ticks in the united states and europe. Although cough is reported in 30% of the American cases, interstitial pneumonitis has been noted only once. Of the 9 confirmed cases reported in europe, 3 presented with atypical pneumonitis. A. phagocytophilum should be added to the list of agents responsible for interstitial pneumonitis, especially in areas where human anaplasmosis is endemic. ( info)

2/4. A case of sweet syndrome associated with human granulocytic anaplasmosis.

    BACKGROUND: Acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis, or sweet syndrome (SS), is a condition that is presumed to be triggered by infectious disease agents. We report a case of SS associated with human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA), which is of interest because anaplasma phagocytophilum infects, multiplies in, and disrupts the function of neutrophils, the key infiltrating cell in SS. OBSERVATIONS: A patient with initial dermatologic manifestations of SS who did not respond to standard SS treatment was suspected to have concurrent HGA with the demonstration of leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, and elevated hepatic transaminase levels. The HGA diagnosis was established when morulae in neutrophils were observed on a peripheral blood smear, a finding confirmed by both serologic examination and polymerase chain reaction on the skin biopsy specimen used to establish the SS diagnosis. CONCLUSION: The significant involvement of neutrophils with both SS and HGA warrants a broader search for additional cases that may further define whether pathogenetic linkages could exist. ( info)

3/4. Human granulocytic anaplasmosis affecting the myocardium.

    A case of 65-year-old male is reported who presented with myalgias, headache, and fever. He subsequently developed myocarditis and was diagnosed to have anaplasmosis on peripheral blood smear. He was treated with doxycycline for 30 days. A coronary angiogram done after recovery showed normal epicardial arteries. The case illustrates the importance of a careful examination of the peripheral smear, with a high index of clinical suspicion, which led to prompt treatment and complete recovery of the patient. ( info)

4/4. Human anaplasmosis: the first Spanish case confirmed by PCR.

    We report a case of human anaplasmosis (HA) fulfilling the confirmation criteria: epidemiologic data and clinical picture compatible with HA; presence of a morulae within polymorphonuclear leukocyte; and positive PCR assay for anaplasma phagocytophilum: This case report shows the presence of HA in spain. ( info)

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