Cases reported "Anemia"

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1/181. Recurrent malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumour: local management with ethanol injection.

    We report a 59-year-old woman who exhibited a recurrent malignant proliferating trichilemmal tumour on the scalp for 1 5 years. The tumour was recalcitrant to conventional treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation or hyperthermia and we performed intratumoral ethanol injection as an alternative means of reducing tumour mass and obtaining haemostasis. biopsy specimens obtained after the ethanol injection revealed oedema, haemorrhage in the dermis and degeneration of the tumour cells, showing vacuolization with pyknotic nuclei. For cases of recurrent skin tumours and for patients in poor clinical condition, intratumoral ethanol injection is likely to be a therapeutic alternative to surgery or other conventional treatments.
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ranking = 1
keywords = haemorrhage
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2/181. Spontaneous remission of anemia associated with a myelodysplastic syndrome with disease evolution into a myeloproliferative state.

    A red cell transfusion-dependent patient with a myelodysplastic syndrome had progression into a myeloproliferative state with thrombocytosis. At the same time, the patient became transfusion independent, and a subsequent bone marrow examination revealed a previously undetected loss of chromosome 7. The patient remains well with control of thrombocytosis by anagrelide therapy.
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ranking = 164.32993413626
keywords = transfusion
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3/181. Delivery of a severely anaemic fetus after partial molar pregnancy: clinical and ultrasonographic findings.

    The incidence of a normal live fetus and a partial molar placenta is extremely rare. Although triploidy is the most frequent association, a fetus with normal karyotype can survive in cases of partial molar pregnancy. We report a case of partial molar placenta in which a live female baby was delivered at 32 weeks gestation by a 30-year-old woman. At the 18th week, ultrasonographic examination revealed a normal fetus with a huge, multicystic placenta. Chromosomal evaluation by amniocentesis revealed a normal female karyotype (46,XX), and serial biometric measurement of the fetus showed normal growth during pregnancy. There were no obstetric complications until the 32nd gestational week when preterm rupture of the membranes occurred. The electronic fetal heart beat tracing showed a repeated sinusoid pattern and late deceleration after admission. The patient underwent emergency Caesarean section and delivered a 1551-g, anaemic female baby with an apgar score of 1, 4 and 6 at 1, 5 and 10 min, respectively. The baby recovered within 2 weeks after respiratory support and transfusion of packed red blood cells. Although anaemia is one of the risk factors that jeopardize the fetus in the case of partial molar pregnancy, termination is not indicated when the fetus is normal and no complications have occurred.
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ranking = 82.164967068132
keywords = transfusion
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4/181. Focal neurological deficits in children with beta-thalassemia major.

    The hematologic disorder beta-thalassemia major is relatively common in Southern italy. stroke is a well described, though infrequently reported, complication of this disorder. We now report our experience regarding 300 children with beta-thalassemia major examined at the University of Catania, italy, over a 20-year period. We encountered 9 patients (3%; 3 males, 6 females) with beta-thalassemia major who had hemorrhagic stroke. Two groups of patients can be identified: group 1 (2 patients 22%) with early-onset post-transfusion hemorrhage and group 2 (7 patients 77%) with delayed post-transfusion hemorrhage. In the first group, the hemorrhage occurred within 48 hours following blood transfusion. In the second group, hemorrhage occurred 7-15 days from last transfusion. In 5 patients out of 7 of this second group the first transfusion and ictal event both occurred after age five, suggesting prolonged chronic anemia might play a role in the hemorrhage.
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ranking = 410.82483534066
keywords = transfusion
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5/181. A case of intra-abdominal multiple lymphangiomas in an adult in whom the immunological evaluation supported the diagnosis.

    A 60-year-old patient with intra-abdominal lymphangiomatosis is described. He presented with anaemia due to enteric haemorrhage, hypoproteinaemia with heavy hypogammaglobulinaemia and T-cell lymphopenia. Duodenal biopsy showed lymphangiectasia while a small bowel study revealed several filling defects in the terminal ileum. On exploratory laparotomy, numerous inoperable lymphangio-haemangiomata were found, involving the small and large intestine, appendix, mesenterium, gallbladder and main biliary tract. The importance of T-cell lymphopenia and hypogammaglobulinaemia in the diagnosis of intra-abdominal lymphangiomatosis with lymphangiectasia is stressed.
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ranking = 1
keywords = haemorrhage
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6/181. Use of recombinant human erythropoietin (EPO-alfa) in a mother alloimmunized to the Js(b) antigen.

    erythropoietin (EPO) is a glycoprotein hormone and the principal regulator of erythropoiesis in the fetus, newborn, and adult. EPO-alfa is erythropoietin manufactured by recombinant human dna technology (rhEPO). After counseling, a pregnant woman with anti-Js(b) in her serum was started on rhEPO (600 U/Kg, biweekly) to prevent anemia secondary to serial donations of her blood for fetal transfusions. After a total of 25 rhEPO infusions and autologous donation of 8 units of whole blood, maternal hemoglobin prior to the elective cesarean section at 37 weeks was 11.3 gm/dL. serum EPO concentration was determined in paired maternal and fetal blood samples, before ultrasound guided intravascular transfusions, in this alloimmunized Js(b)-negative and another Rh(D) alloimmunized pregnancy to determine possible correlations between maternal and fetal serum EPO. rhEPO prevented anemia in a patient who donated 8 units of blood from 18-37 weeks of pregnancy without inducing adverse biological effects such as hypertension or thrombotic complications in the placenta. Data presented in this study suggest that EPO does not cross the human placenta.
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ranking = 164.32993413626
keywords = transfusion
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7/181. Massive fetomaternal hemorrhage: how long should children with good evolution be controlled? A case report.

    We report on a term infant with a severe fetomaternal hemorrhage that caused a serious anemia that was surmounted after several transfusions. After the initial complications, such as persistent pulmonary circulation, severe anemia and thrombocytopenia, the outcome was good. We discuss the importance of a long-term follow-up of affected children, as well as their mothers. No clear parameters for a real prognosis are available. A follow-up is needed in order to detect possible complications in neurological development.
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ranking = 5884.4578483212
keywords = fetomaternal, transfusion
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8/181. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy in the management of severe acute anaemia in a Jehovah's witness.

    A case is described in which a Jehovah's Witness patient who refused blood transfusion suffered massive antepartum haemorrhage, her haemoglobin falling as low as 2.0 g.dl(-1). She was treated on an intensive care unit with intermittent positive pressure ventilation and general supportive measures, pulsed hyperbaric oxygen therapy and recombinant human erythropoietin.
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ranking = 83.164967068132
keywords = transfusion, haemorrhage
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9/181. Severe gastrointestinal bleeding in a uremic patient treated with estrogen-progesterone therapy.

    Gastrointestinal bleeding is a frequent complication in hemodialysis patients; angiodysplasia is a potential cause, with a higher incidence in uremic patients. We describe a case of severe anemia (Hemoglobin up to 3.5 g/dl) secondary to diffuse angiodysplastic lesions in a hemodialysis patient with mixed connective tissue disease. The case is characterised both by the severity of the clinical picture (extension and entity of angiodysplastic lesions, frequency of bleeding episodes) and by the patient's religious faith which made her reject blood transfusions. We underline the efficacy of estrogen-progesterone therapy in view of the modest results obtained with other therapeutic strategies on bleeding.
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ranking = 82.164967068132
keywords = transfusion
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10/181. parvovirus B19 infection in a human immunodeficiency virus-infected patient with anemia.

    anemia is generally attributed to zidovudine therapy in human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-infected patients, although parvovirus B19 infection has been reported as a rare cause. We report on a 24-year-old homosexual man infected with hiv who presented with anemia. He had received aggressive daily antiretroviral therapy (zidovudine 600 mg, lamivudine 300 mg, and saquinavir 1,800 mg) for 2 years. At the time of admission, his CD4 count was 10 x 10(6) cells/L. A bone marrow aspirate smear showed a marked decrease in erythropoiesis and immunocytochemical staining for parvovirus B19 was positive. parvovirus B19 viral dna was detected in the peripheral blood using a polymerase chain reaction-based assay. Serologic studies were positive for parvovirus B19 immunoglobulin (Ig)M antibodies, but negative for IgG antibodies. The patient was treated with packed red blood cell transfusion. zidovudine was stopped and replaced with zalcitibine 2.25 mg daily after anemia occurred. He did not receive intravenous Ig therapy because of its cost. After discontinuation of zidovudine for 1 year, anemia persisted and the patient depended on regular blood transfusions to control the anemia. This case emphasizes that, in addition to drug-related causes, parvovirus B19 infection should be included in the differential diagnosis of chronic anemia in hiv-infected individuals.
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ranking = 164.32993413626
keywords = transfusion
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