Cases reported "Aneurysm, False"

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1/194. Video-assisted crossover iliofemoral obturator bypass grafting: a minimally invasive approach to extra-anatomic lower limb revascularization.

    Graft infection continues to be one of the most feared complications in vascular surgery. It can lead to disruption of anastomoses with life-threatening bleeding, thrombosis of the bypass graft, and systemic septic manifestations. One method to ensure adequate limb perfusion after removal of an infected aortofemoral graft is extra-anatomical bypass grafting. We used a minimally invasive, video-assisted approach to implant a crossover iliofemoral obturator bypass graft in a patient with infection of the left limb of an aortofemoral bifurcated graft. This appears to be the first case report describing the use of this technique.
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ranking = 1
keywords = thrombosis
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2/194. Pseudoaneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery with an arteriovenous fistula after simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplantation.

    Vascular complications remain a significant source of morbidity after pancreatic transplantation. We describe a pseudoaneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) with an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) involving the SMA and the superior mesenteric vein (SMV) discovered and treated surgically in the second week after kidney pancreas transplantation. The patient experienced pain over the graft, and subsequent radionuclide and Doppler ultrasound scan were suggestive of a pseudoaneurysm in the head of the pancreas. Awaiting confirmatory angiography, the patient became hypotensive and after resuscitation, underwent emergency surgery when a pseudoaneurysm was found in the head of the pancreas. After looping the proximal and distal recipient iliac artery and base of the donor Y vascular graft, the AVF was separated and ligated. The SMV was dissected off the pancreatic head and repaired over a tamponading intraluminal Foley catheter. Graft function was preserved. Based on this experience, an AVF with or without a pseudoaneurysm in the pancreas allograft should be corrected as soon it is suspected.
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ranking = 0.15542704788399
keywords = vein
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3/194. Endovascular management of axillary artery trauma.

    A 17-year-old man was seen with an expanding false aneurysm of the right axillary artery. This was treated by an intraluminal covered-stent introduced through the brachial artery via an 11F sheath. The covered-stent was constructed from a segment of great saphenous vein anchored in the axillary artery by a 29 mm Palmaz stent. Postoperative arteriography and duplex scanning confirmed normal flow through the axillary artery with complete exclusion of the aneurysm. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.
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ranking = 0.15542704788399
keywords = vein
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4/194. Popliteal pseudoaneurysm caused by an adjacent osteochondroma: a case report and review of the literature.

    A male 17-year-old with multiple hereditary exostoses presented with a mass in the distal left thigh several days after lifting weights. An arteriogram showed a popliteal artery pseudoaneurysm adjacent to a femoral osteochondroma. The osteochondroma was excised and the artery was repaired with a saphenous vein interposition graft. A review of the literature identified 23 similar reports. The average age of the patients was 21.3 years. Seventy-eight percent were men and half of the patients had multiple hereditary exostoses. Ten patients were initially misdiagnosed. The clinician should consider the diagnosis of pseudoaneurysm in a young patient with an osteochondroma and a mass about the knee.
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ranking = 0.15542704788399
keywords = vein
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5/194. Spontaneous rupture of a saphenous vein graft.

    We present a case of spontaneous rupture of a right coronary bypass vein graft in a 57-year-old woman 10 years after coronary by-pass surgery. Although rare, this diagnosis should be considered in such patients presenting with appropriate symptoms.
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ranking = 0.77713523941996
keywords = vein
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6/194. Endovascular occlusion of a carotid pseudoaneurysm complicating deep neck space infection in a child. Case report.

    Pseudoaneurysm formation of the cervical internal carotid artery (ICA) is a rare, potentially lethal complication of deep neck space infection. This entity typically occurs following otolaryngological or upper respiratory tract infection. The pseudoaneurysm is heralded by a pulsatile neck mass, Homer's syndrome, lower cranial neuropathies, and/or hemorrhage that may be massive. The recommended treatment includes prompt arterial ligation. The authors present a case of pseudoaneurysm of the cervical ICA complicating a deep neck space infection. A parapharyngeal staphylococcus aureus abscess developed in a previously healthy 6-year-old girl after she experienced pharyngitis. The abscess was drained via an intraoral approach. On postoperative Day 3, the patient developed a pulsatile neck mass, lethargy, ipsilateral Horner's syndrome, and hemoptysis, which resulted in hemorrhagic shock. Treatment included emergency endovascular occlusion of the cervical ICA and postembolization antibiotic treatment for 6 weeks. The patient has made an uneventful recovery as of her 18-month follow-up evaluation. Conclusions drawn.from this experience and a review of the literature include the following: 1) mycotic pseudoaneurysms of the carotid arteries have a typical clinical presentation that should enable timely recognition; 2) these lesions occur more commonly in children than in adults; 3) angiography with a view to performing endovascular occlusion should be undertaken promptly; and 4) endovascular occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm is a viable treatment option.
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ranking = 0.089981126306591
keywords = deep
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7/194. Spontaneous thrombosis of a pseudoaneurysm complicating pancreatitis.

    patients with a visceral aneurysm are at high risk for acute transpapillary, intra-, or retroperitoneal hemorrhage, necessitating either surgical or endovascular therapy. We report an instance of spontaneous thrombosis of a pseudoaneurysm complicating pancreatitis before endovascular treatment could be performed. causality and the literature of spontaneous thrombosis in pseudoaneurysms are discussed.
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ranking = 6
keywords = thrombosis
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8/194. Left internal mammary artery to innominate vein fistula complicating pacemaker insertion. Treatment with endovascular transarterial coil embolization.

    arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is rarely encountered as a complication of pacemaker insertion. Percutaneous angiographic therapy of such iatrogenic fistulas can be both safe and effective, leading to important reductions in costs. A 60-year-old woman was admitted to the hospital four weeks after left subclavian pacemaker insertion complaining of signs of congestive heart failure. A loud continuous machinery bruit was heard over the left upper chest. An arteriogram revealed a false aneurysm from the LIMA, 6 mm in-diameter, with formation of an AVF between the LIMA and the left innominate vein. Embolization of the LIMA was carried out using seven platinum coils at the level of the AVF and the false aneurysm was embolized with 3 controlled-release IDC coils. The complete occlusion of the fistula was achieved and the distal LIMA persisted patent due to the opening of collateral vessels from the intercostal arteries. AVF between the subclavian artery or its branches and the subclavian or innominate veins have been reported to be congenital, traumatic and iatrogenic (associated to central venous access to hemodynamic monitoring, dialysis, and very infrequently to pacemaker insertion) but the internal mammary arteries are only rarely involved. The course of AVF is undefined, but generally, surgical or percutaneous embolization is warranted because of the potential appearance of a great number of complications. Surgical repair is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Whenever possible, percutaneous nonsurgical occlusion of the AVF with coil embolization is the procedure of choice, because of its high success rate and low morbidity.
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ranking = 0.93256228730395
keywords = vein
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9/194. Pseudoaneurysms of large arteries associated with AIDS.

    BACKGROUND: Several vascular complications are known to occur in association with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and recent publications have called attention to the development of pseudoaneurysms of large arteries in patients with AIDS. CASE REPORT: We report on 2 patients with AIDS aged 23 and 31 years with pseudoaneurysms of the abdominal aorta and common iliac arteries. After clinical and radiological evaluation by arteriography and computed tomography, the patients were submitted to aneurysmectomy, with the placement of a patch of dacron in the first case and the interposition of a right aorto-iliac and left femoral prosthesis in the second. The second patient developed new aneurysms of the right subclavian and left popliteal arteries 2 months after surgery. Proximal ligation of the right subclavian artery was performed to treat the first aneurysm and resection and interposition of a reversed saphenous vein was carried out to treat the pseudoaneurysm of the popliteal artery. Histopathological examination of the popliteal artery revealed necrotizing arteritis.
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ranking = 0.15542704788399
keywords = vein
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10/194. Embolisation of a leaking pseudoaneurysm of the main artery supplying a replanted arm: a case report.

    A 51-year-old patient suffered a near amputation of the right arm. Replant of the arm was performed and the brachial artery was grafted with a vein. A week later, there was severe bleeding from a leaking pseudoaneurysm at the proximal junction of the grafted artery. This was managed with embolization using coils and resulted in successful obliteration of the pseudoaneurysm without necrosis of the replanted arm.
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ranking = 0.15542704788399
keywords = vein
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