Cases reported "Anodontia"

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1/163. Ophthalmic findings in GAPO syndrome.

    BACKGROUND: The main manifestations of GAPO syndrome are growth retardation (G), alopecia (A), pseudoanodontia (P), and optic atrophy (O). CASES: This syndrome has been described in 21 patients from 16 different families. Four cases are from turkey and have been presented by Sayli and Gul. The purpose of our study is to document the cases from turkey and discuss the ophthalmological and neuro-ophthalmolgical findings of these and other reported GAPO cases. OBSERVATIONS: All patients in the literature and our 4 cases have severe growth retardation with delayed bone age in infancy, characteristic facial appearance (high and bossed forehead, midface hypoplasia), alopecia or severe hypotrichosis, and pseudoanodontia. optic atrophy was present in 1 of our cases and in 5 previous cases. glaucoma was present in 5 cases, including 2 of ours. Buphthalmia and keratopathy secondary to glaucoma were also observed. White eyelashes, seen only in our cases, may be a sign of "early senility." CONCLUSIONS: optic atrophy is not a constant finding in GAPO syndrome. glaucoma may accompany the ocular findings. This syndrome has been attributed to either ectodermal dysplasia or the accumulation of extracellular connective tissue matrix, due to an enzyme deficiency involved in its metabolism. Current studies show that an elastin defect and secondary changes in collagen may be important in the pathogenesis of the disease.
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ranking = 1
keywords = anodontia
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2/163. Hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth.

    A female patient with hypocalcification type amelogenesis imperfecta in permanent dentition in association with heavily worn primary teeth, gingival hyperplasia, hypodontia and impacted teeth is presented.
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ranking = 0.045399583639294
keywords = hypodontia
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3/163. Implant-surgical and prosthetic rehabilitation of patients with multiple dental aplasia: a clinical report.

    The expanded experience with oral implants and supplementary augmentation techniques has opened new possibilities for treating patients with oligodontia or anodontia with fixed prostheses. A problem in treating such patients is the need to place implants in growing maxillae or mandibles, as many of these patients are children or adolescents. When implant treatment is postponed until the patient is full grown, dysfunctions become manifest, which necessitates extensive surgical measures to achieve a fixed prosthetic restoration. This report illustrates the problems associated with different concepts for the treatment of multiple aplasia with implants. The results are based on the findings of 22 patients with oligodontia who underwent surgical treatment and were followed over a period of 5 years. Two controversially treated cases are presented.
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ranking = 0.5
keywords = anodontia
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4/163. The use of colored elastomeric "O"s as a motivational instrument for patients with anodontia: report of case.

    Complete and/or removable partial dentures are the most commonly selected treatment for the prosthodontic management of young patients who present with oligodontia or anodontia such as in the case of patients with ectodermal dysplasia. Bakri, Belanger and Nowak have reported on the different ways that these prostheses can be modified to ease the child's burden of growing up with missing teeth and having to wear prostheses that make them different from their peers. Some of their suggestions include the placement of diastemas, the use of artificial "baby" teeth and their subsequent replacement with permanent teeth to simulate the primary and mixed dentition stages. They have also recommended deleting primary teeth to mimic the normal exfoliation pattern. The purpose of this article is to report the attitude change and improvement in self-esteem experienced by two young girls from the simple addition of colored elastomeric molded "O"s to the orthodontic appliances placed on their prostheses.
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ranking = 2.5
keywords = anodontia
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5/163. ectodermal dysplasia with hypodontia in a set of Nigerian twins--a case report.

    A set of Nigerian male twins with features of ectodermal dysplasia born to apparently normal parents are presented. The main findings in both children were hypodontia, abnormally shaped teeth and hypotrichosis. The general treatment modalities of the condition, especially in a tropical environment, are discussed.
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ranking = 0.045399583639294
keywords = hypodontia
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6/163. Apparent hypodontia: a case of misdiagnosis.

    The case of a 12-year-old girl is reported, whose pretreatment radiograph demonstrated agenesis of two premolars and a canine and slow development of the contralateral premolars. A follow-up radiograph taken 1 year later showed initial mineralization of a tooth germ in the site of one of the apparently missing premolars. The cause, diagnosis, and treatment planning implications of delayed mineralization and slow development of second premolars are discussed with reference to the literature.
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ranking = 0.036319666911435
keywords = hypodontia
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7/163. Rieger's syndrome: (oligodontia and primary mesodermal dysgenesis of the iris) clinical features and report of an isolated case.

    An 11-year-old female manifested bilateral prominent Schwalbe's line, iridal adhesions, displaced and irregular pupils. She had no evidence of juvenile glaucoma. The major nonocular finding in this patient was the congenital absence of her primary and permanent maxillary central and lateral incisors. Although missing or malformed teeth may occur in other conditions such as Down's syndrome, focal dermal hypoplasia syndrome, anhidrotic ectodermal dysplasia, chondroectodermal dysplasia, and incontinentia pigmenti, the clinician should include Rieger's syndrome in his differential diagnosis in patients with oligodontia in combination with malformation of the anterior chamber of the eye. Rieger's syndrome is a rare condition characterized by ocular and dental abnormalities, namely mesoectodermal dysgenesis of the iris and cornea of the eyes and hypodontia of the dentition. This report presents a sporadic case of Rieger's syndrome in an 11-year-old female and discusses the pertinent clinical features of this condition.
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ranking = 0.0090799167278588
keywords = hypodontia
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8/163. Hypodontia in primary dentition: a case report.

    The prevalence, possible etiological factors and management of hypodontia in primary dentition are reviewed. A case of hypodontia involving the primary lower incisor is reported.
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ranking = 0.018159833455718
keywords = hypodontia
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9/163. Partial anodontia in a case of Waardenburg's syndrome.

    On routine examination of a case of Waardenburg's syndrome apart from the usual features of the disorder, partial anodontia involving both the lower lateral incisors was evident. The interesting association of partial anodontia and Waardenburg's syndrome is discussed along with relevant available literature.
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ranking = 3
keywords = anodontia
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10/163. Severe hypodontia: diversities in manifestations.

    The material comprises 33 cases, 12 boys and 21 girls with 4 or more lacking teeth in the permanent dentition, randomly collected among patients referred to the Department of Pedodontics, University of Bergen. The total number of lacking teeth were 332, mean number in boys was 11.4, in girls 9.3, ranging from 4 to 24 (third molars excluded). The most prevalently lacking teeth were second premolars in both jaws, maxillary lateral incisors, mandibular central incisors and maxillary first premolars. The maxillary central incisors were the most stable teeth, lacking in only one patient. The female group was closest to this "classical" scheme by lacking teeth mostly in posterior segments. In males the anterior segments were most often afflicted. There was no significant difference between right and left sides in both sexes, but in girls the maxillary jaw was more afflicted than the mandibular jaw. The individual analyses of cases showed great diversities in the manifestation of hypodontia. Eighteen of them behaved fairly "balanced" with respect to lack of teeth in the different quadrants. Six cases were lacking most of the teeth in the maxillary jaw (total 34 maxillary teeth versus 11 mandibular). Five cases were lacking most of the teeth in the mandibular jaw (total 30 mandibular teeth versus 14 maxillary). One patient was lacking 10 of his 12 front teeth, but only 4 of his 20 posterior teeth, and one patient was lacking 12 of his 16 posterior teeth, but none of his front teeth. The author cannot offer any explanation for these strange and varying patterns of manifestations.
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ranking = 0.045399583639294
keywords = hypodontia
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