Cases reported "Anodontia"

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11/153. Talon cusp associated with other dental anomalies--a case report.

    Talon cusp is an anomalous structure resembling an eagles talon which projects lingually from the cingulum area of an incisor. It is a rare anomaly which is commonly seen in maxillary incisors. This paper is a report of a case of Talon cusp associated with cross-bite and partial anodontia.
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12/153. Fusion of primary incisors--a report of six cases.

    Six cases of asymptomatic dental twinning anomalies in the primary dentition are reported in 4205 school children. A clinical and radiographic presentation of the cases of fusion of primary incisor teeth is illustrated. This clinical entity has been found to appear with varied clinical and radiographic appearances. An association of fusion of primary incisors with the number of succedaneous teeth was seen.
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13/153. Hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia--a case report.

    A case presented here is that of a nine year old male patient with total anodontia. Findings of this case as regards to the orofacial, radiographic and other general manifestations were suggestive of hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia. The dental problems were best managed by prosthetic replacement of dentition taking into consideration a design which would provide adequate relief for the preservation of the ridges which were thin and underdeveloped to the absence of teeth.
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14/153. Dental rehabilitation using endosseous implants and orthognathic surgery in patients with cleft lip and palate: report of two cases.

    We describe the use of endosseous implants in the autogenous particulate cancellous bone and marrow grafted alveoli after orthognathic surgery for dental rehabilitation of patients with cleft lip and palate. This procedure has been applied to two patients and produced good results functionally and aesthetically. The results are encouraging and indicate that implant placement after orthognathic surgery is useful for patients both with congenital missing teeth and retrognathic maxillae.
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15/153. Osseointegrated implants in a patient with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome. A 4 1/2-year follow up.

    BACKGROUND: The Saudi female reported in this study was diagnosed with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome. She had lost all her teeth, including third molars, at the age of 18 years. METHOD: She was wearing full dentures for 7 years, before 5 titanium implants were installed in the mandible. RESULTS: 4 1/2 years after the implant installation, the treatment was clinically and radiographically successful. Neither A. actinomycetemcomitans nor P. gingivalis were detected at any of the implants. This very encouraging result does not differ from what is generally reported in edentulous medically healthy patients. CONCLUSION: The use of implants could considerably enhance future therapeutic options for the severely dentally compromised patients with Papillon-Lefevre syndrome.
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keywords = dental
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16/153. Oral rehabilitation of a hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia patient: a 6-year follow-up.

    This case report describes the oral rehabilitation of a female child with hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia over a 6-year time period. It demonstrates the need for periodic modification and replacement of a prosthesis, an orthodontic appliance, and a gingivoplasty. Although the initial treatment plan was considered to be a compromise due to limited cooperation, an improvement was observed in the patient's social behavior as a consequence of her dental treatment. The effects of unavoidable changes in the dental team over 6 years are also discussed.
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17/153. The dentofacial manifestations of XXXXY syndrome: a case report.

    This paper presents a six-year-old patient with XXXXY syndrome, whose oral findings included a cleft soft palate, hyper- or meso-taurodontism in eight primary molars and in the mandibular permanent first molars, five congenitally missing premolars, and delayed development of the permanent tooth germs. The maxillary and mandibular primary central incisors were in a cross-bite relationship. Cephalometric findings showed a short ramus of the mandible and a short maxilla in the anterioposterior plane. The anteroposterior jaw relationship was in harmony. The cross-bite was considered to be due to the retroinclination of the maxillary primary incisors. This case emphasises the importance of regular dental care, and monitoring of facial growth and dental development in children with XXXXY syndrome.
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18/153. dyskeratosis congenita: report of a case.

    dyskeratosis congenita is a rare multisystem condition involving mainly the ectoderm. It is characterized by a triad of reticular skin pigmentation, nail dystrophy and leukoplakia of mucous membranes. Oral and dental abnormalities may also be present. Complications are a predisposition to malignancy and bone marrow involvement with pancytopenia. The case of a 14-year-old girl is described who presented with several of the characteristic systemic features of this condition, together with the following oral features: hypodontia, diminutive maxillary lateral incisors, delayed dental eruption, crowding in the maxillary premolar region, short roots, poor oral hygiene, gingival inflammation and bleeding, alveolar bone loss, caries and a smooth atrophic tongue with leukoplakia. Although this condition is rare, dental surgeons should be aware of the dental abnormalities that exist and the risk of malignant transformation within the areas of leukoplakia.
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19/153. Simultaneous occurrence of unusual odontodysplasia and oligodontia in the permanent dentition: report of a case.

    odontodysplasia is an uncommon clinicopathological condition with a variety of expressions. Although it is generally recognized as a localized disorder of dental tissue, its aetiology has not yet been well explained. In the present case, odontodysplasia with oligodontia in the permanent dentition is reported. The patient was in good health with normal stature and no other physical abnormalities. His parents and siblings were dentally and medically normal. The primary teeth appeared to be normal except for the primary second molars, where the enamel was malformed. However, the permanent incisors that had erupted into the oral cavity showed rough and hypoplastic enamel. An orthopantomogram showed 17 congenitally missing permanent teeth and malformation of the other 11 permanent teeth and tooth-germs. Because these findings were caused by developmental disturbances of both the mesodermal and ectodermal dental components, we diagnosed the present case as odontodysplasia accompanied by oligodontia in the permanent dentition.
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ranking = 0.75
keywords = dental
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20/153. Clinical features of incontinentia pigmenti with emphasis on dermatoglyphic findings.

    incontinentia pigmenti is a syndrome characterized by both systemic and oral manifestations. Presented here are the dental, clinical, radiological, genetic and dermatoglyphic findings of a 6 year old female case and her family members. The following features were apparent: oligodontia in maxillary and mandibular arches in both dentition, peg-shaped incisors and brown lesions on the body surface. No other problems were observed. The case had remarkable dermatoglyphic findings such as hypothenar loops associated with distally displaced axial triradii on both palms, reduced total finger and summed palmar a-b ridge-counts, decreasing plantar pattern intensity on the left sole. The other family members had similar dermatoglyphic characteristics. The paternal grand father, the father and the brother had eye defects.
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keywords = dental
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