Cases reported "Anovulation"

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1/25. MURCS association and hypothalamic anovulation.

    A new case of MURCS association (mullerian duct aplasia, renal aplasia and cervicothoracic somite dysplasia) in an 18 year old patient is reported. In addition to other minor phenotypical features, hypothalamic chronic anovulation was documented. Basal concentrations of PRL, TSH, GH, F and E were within reference values for adult women. Challenges with TRH and ACTH evoked normal responses in terms of TSH and F respectively. Basal levels of LH and FSH and a LHRH stimulation test demonstrated dissociation of both gonadotrophins. Persistent progesterone values within follicular phase levels led us to the diagnosis of hypothalamic chronic anovulation which was confirmed by the induction of ovulation by clomiphene citrate. This finding shows the importance of a detailed endocrinological evaluation in patients with the MURCS association in order to prevent secondary disorders due to endocrinological impairment.
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2/25. Acute hepatitis induced by cyclofenil: a case report.

    The case of a 47-year old woman suffering from acute hepatitis caused by cyclofenil, a drug proposed for the treatment of anovulation and scleroderma, is presented. Hepatitis developed seven weeks after the beginning of administration of the drug and its course was reversible after withdrawal. The case is documented on the basis of liver histology and the exclusion of other causes of acute hepatitis.
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keywords = ovulation
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3/25. A case of ovulatory cycle-dependent symptoms in woman with previous interferon beta therapy.

    A woman with a menstrual cycle-dependent fever (more than 38 degrees C) and severe fatigue that disrupted her ability to work was referred to our hospital. Six years ago, the patient received interferon beta injections (6,000,000 IU day-1x48 days) for the treatment of hepatitis c virus. Although the treatment was successful against the virus, the symptomatic fever occurred monthly since the third year after receiving the treatment. The symptoms occurred a few days after ovulation in every menstrual cycle. When the ovarian function was suppressed by GnRH agonist (GnRHa), the symptoms disappeared. While in anovulation, the patient received estrogen followed by estrogen with progestogen, which resembles the sex hormone milieu of a normal menstrual cycle without the LH surge; this treatment did not induce the symptoms. When human CG (hCG) was injected on the beginning day of estrogen with progestogen following treatment with estrogen alone, the previous symptoms reappeared. However, the hCG injection without estrogen priming did not induce the symptoms. These studies indicated that the LH surge after estrogen priming induced the symptoms. Changes in serum inflammatory cytokine levels (interleukin-1, interleukin-6, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) were examined during the ovulatory cycle and the interleukin-1 levels during the treatment. There were no significant changes on these levels in the febrile period. The patient experienced normal menstrual cycles after finishing the five-month GnRHa treatment. Although her symptoms still occur, they are mild and do not require further medical treatment.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = ovulation
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4/25. Quintuplet pregnancy and third degree ovarian hyperstimulation despite withholding human chorionic gonadotrophin.

    A patient who suffered from polycystic ovarian disease and anovulation, was treated with pure follicle stimulating hormone for induction of ovulation. The treatment was stopped and human chorionic gonadotrophin was not administered because of high serum oestradiol levels and multiple follicular development. Ovulation occurred 11 days after pure follicle stimulating hormone was discontinued, the patient developed third-degree ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome and conceived with a quintuplet pregnancy.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = ovulation
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5/25. Gynecologic problems of androgen excess.

    The patient with androgen excess may present with amenorrhea, oligomenorrhea, painless metromenorrhagia, or infertility. Adrenal and ovarian tumors, though uncommon, must be excluded in the workup. The long-term sequelae of untreated anovulation includes adenomatous hyperplasia and cancer of the endometrium. Treatment can range from uncomplicated follow-up with cosmetic advice to the use of potent drugs that induce ovulation.
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ranking = 0.28571428571429
keywords = ovulation
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6/25. pregnancy in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic portal hypertension.

    The course of pregnancy in 1 patient with chronic active hepatitis (CAH) and cirrhosis, and another with extrahepatic portal vein obstruction (EHPVO) is described. The management of pregnancy in these diseases associated with portal hypertension is discussed and risks of pregnancy are compared. The patient with CAH presented with anovulatory cycles, and ovulation occurred following immunosuppressive therapy. Both women experienced massive upper gastrointestinal bleeding from esophageal varices. Bleeding was difficult to control and required variceal ligation in 1. Both patients manifested features suggesting cerebral edema indicating the need for caution with fluid and electrolyte therapy. Recovery of the woman with CAH after termination of pregnancy was slow. review of literature demonstrated that variceal bleeding occurred in 43% of women with EHPVO compared to 23% of those with CAH and cirrhosis. Additional complications including hepatocellular failure (24%) occurred in patients with CAH but not in EHPVO. The management of pregnancy in portal hypertension and advice for contraception or sterilization are discussed.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = ovulation
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7/25. Endometrial carcinoma following chronic anovulation in a premenopausal woman with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Endometrial carcinoma was diagnosed in a premenopausal woman suffering with systemic lupus erythematosus. She had received both prednisolone and an immunosuppressive agent for more than 10 years. Anovulatory cycles persisted during drug administration, along with dysfunctional uterine bleeding. The serum estrogen: progesterone ratio was high. Repeated endometrial biopsies revealed a progression of change from benign proliferation to cystic hyperplasia, adenomatous hyperplasia, atypical hyperplasia and invasive adenocarcinoma. These clinical data suggest that a result of long-term unopposed endogenous estrogen can have been the cause of the endometrial carcinoma.
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ranking = 0.57142857142857
keywords = ovulation
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8/25. Evidence that estrogen may be a key factor in hyperprolactinemic anovulation: a case report.

    Although anovulation associated with hyperprolactinemia is not an uncommon cause of infertility, the precise mechanism of the pathogenic process that induces hyperactivity (hypertrophy with hyperplasia) of pituitary lactotropes is unknown. We have recently experienced a case of anovulation and hyperprolactinemia in a woman with ergot alkaloid intolerance in whom ovulation was restored by tamoxifen citrate administration. Since tamoxifen citrate administration also suppressed prolactin levels, it was suggested that a low but sustained serum level of estradiol and consequently continuous estrogenic stimulation may be an important causative factor in the development of hyperprolactinemic anovulation.
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ranking = 1.1428571428571
keywords = ovulation
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9/25. Pathophysiology of the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome.

    ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome occurred after induction of ovulation with menotropins (follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone) and implantation of an intrauterine pregnancy. Serial determinations of aldosterone, deoxycorticosterone, 17 beta-estradiol, progesterone, human chorionic gonadotropin, urinary and plasma electrolytes, and fluid balance were obtained. plasma renin activity, aldosterone, deoxycorticosterone, and antidiuretic hormone rose markedly. Hydration for four days improved urinary output but also accelerated sodium and fluid retention. Subsequent restriction of salt and water stabilized the patient. Spontaneous abortion was followed by prompt diuresis without a change in therapy. regression analysis of the authors' data, the clinical observations, and other data in the literature suggest that the ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome is produced by excessive secretion of an unknown hormone that regulates peritoneal fluid during the normal menstrual cycle, and that elevations of plasma renin, aldosterone, and antidiuretic hormone are secondary.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = ovulation
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10/25. Acute menopausal transition associated with clomiphene therapy: Two case reports.

    Two patients presenting with anovulation and secondary infertility were treated with clomiphene citrate. Intermittent blood samples were obtained for the first three months of therapy in each case. One patient failed either to ovulate or menstruate in response to clomiphene and the other patient had only two episodes of cyclical bleeding before she too became amenorrhoeic. Hormonal analyses revealed that both women had undergone a rapid and precocious menopausal transition which has persisted throughout the subsequent three years.
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ranking = 0.14285714285714
keywords = ovulation
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