Cases reported "anus diseases"

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1/222. Febrile perianal streptococcal dermatitis.

    We describe a child with an unusual presentation of perianal streptococcal dermatitis which included fever, acral scarletiniform desquamation, and extension of erythema to involve the genitalia and proximal thighs, as well as the commonly seen well-defined erythema of the perianal area. We suggest that isolated group A beta-hemolytic streptococci (GAS) in our patient produced a pyrogenic exotoxin similar to that which appears in scarlet fever. ( info)

2/222. Perianal disease of tuberculous origin: report of a case and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: A case of anal tuberculosis in an otherwise asymptomatic patient with bleeding anal ulcers is presented. The clinical features of this entity and the problems in differential diagnosis between anal infectious vs. inflammatory diseases are discussed. methods: The management and outcome of the case of an adult patient who presented with perianal ulcers is described. RESULTS: On a three-drug antituberculous regimen, symptoms abated, radiographic infiltrates improved, and perianal ulcers healed. CONCLUSION: Anal tuberculosis is an extremely rare disease. A tuberculous origin must be considered when the cause of perianal ulcers is unclear to avoid undesirable delays in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease. ( info)

3/222. Perianal vaccinia: a case report.

    Accidental perianal vaccinia is a rare condition, presenting acutely with severe pain and characteristic superficial ulceration. There is no specific treatment, and complete resolution occurs. A case is described of autogenous perianal vaccinia occurring in an adult. ( info)

4/222. Hereditary internal anal sphincter myopathy causing proctalgia fugax and constipation: further clinical and histological characterization in a patient.

    Hereditary internal anal sphincter myopathy is a very rare condition, only three families have so far been described in the literature. In this case report further clinical and histological findings of one affected member of one of the above families are presented. ( info)

5/222. The prepuce flap in the reconstruction of male anal stenosis.

    Circumferential stenosis of the male anal canal was repaired using a subcutaneous prepuce flap. The stenosis was released to create a rhomboid defect. Then, to cover the defect a rectangular flap was designed on the hairless ventral side of the penis. The flap was raised over the Buck's fascia while preserving the subcutaneous vessels in the dartos fascia, which formed the pedicle of the flap. The flap was transposed to the defect by passing it through a tunnel in the perineum. The postoperative course was uneventful and the result was good. The flap had reliable vascularity, was very thin, and pliable so that it could adapt to the rhomboid defect in the anal canal. ( info)

6/222. radiation-induced total regression of a highly recurrent giant perianal condyloma: report of case.

    We report a case of a highly recurrent giant perianal condyloma, or buschke-lowenstein tumor, which was successfully treated by telecobalt therapy. We conclude that radiation therapy is an optional treatment modality for the management of giant perianal condylomata in selected cases. ( info)

7/222. Perianal cytomegalovirus ulcer in an hiv infected patient: case report and review of literature.

    We report the case of a 25-year-old man with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, presenting with perianal ulcer and diarrhea. He had positive immunocytochemical tests for cytomegalovirus (CMV) in circulating polymorphonuclear cells (PMN). The biopsy specimen was suggestive of CMV infection, and specific immunoperoxidase for CMV antigens positively stained endothelial cells and fibroblasts. In this report we review cutaneous CMV infection in immunocompromised patients. ( info)

8/222. electrocoagulation of perianal warts: a word of caution.

    BACKGROUND: Perianal warts are common, and may be extensive. electrocoagulation is a recognised management option. METHOD: A 20-year-old male underwent electrocautery of extensive perianal warts. He presented 3 months postoperatively with constipation and inability to defecate. Examination revealed severe perianal stricture, which necessitated a defunctioning colostomy. RESULT: A gradual and spontaneous resolution of the stricture was observed over the following 18 months. Closure of the colostomy was followed by satisfactory anal function. CONCLUSION: Electrocautery of extensive perianal warts should be used with caution. Preservation of healthy skin bridges between lesions is essential if perianal stricture is to be avoided, and may best be achieved by sharp scissors dissection. ( info)

9/222. The clinical spectrum of clostridium sordellii bacteraemia: two case reports and a review of the literature.

    clostridium sordellii is rarely associated with disease in humans. Since its first report in 1922 only a few cases of bacteraemia have been reported. This report describes two cases of C sordellii bacteraemia; the oldest and youngest patients reported to date. The first, is a previously well 81 year old woman presented with perianal infection, which was later complicated by thrombosis of the aorta, and the second is a 12 year old boy with epilepsy who presented with an ear infection. These cases are also highlighted to demonstrate the wide spectrum of presentation of sordellii bacteraemia. ( info)

10/222. Use of hyperbaric oxygen chamber in the management of radiation-related complications of the anorectal region: report of two cases and review of the literature.

    PURPOSE: This article was undertaken to present two cases of nonhealing ulcers that occurred after primary radiation therapy and local excision of suspected residual or recurrent anal carcinomas. Both patients responded favorably to hyperbaric chamber treatment. review of the literature is discussed, including cause, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and options for management of radiation-related complications in the anorectal region and use of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in colorectal surgery. methods: The cases of two patients with recurrent or residual anal carcinomas were reviewed. Objective clinical, laboratory test, and intraoperative findings were implemented to define this pathologic entity precisely, results of its treatment, and management of radiation-related complications. RESULTS: The study shows clinical effectiveness of hyperbaric chamber treatment for nonhealing wounds in the previously radiated anorectal region. The refractory wounds of both our patients healed. The patients were rendered free of symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Substantial pathologic changes in the irradiated tissues leading occasionally to nonhealing radiation proctitis are relatively infrequent consequences of radiation therapy for pelvic malignancies. Excisional and incisional biopsies of the radiation-injured tissues result in chronic ulcers accompanied by debilitating symptoms. Hyperbaric chamber treatment seemed to be a very effective means of therapy of radiation proctitis and nonhealing wounds in the involved anorectal region after conventional therapy had failed. ( info)
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