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11/222. Sutureless technique for subacute left ventricular free wall rupture: A case report of an 85-year-old.

    This case was an 85-year-old female who developed left ventricular free wall rupture (LVFWR) of the anterior wall 13 days after an acute myocardial infarction. She was further complicated with an ascending aortic aneurysm and severe aortic regurgitation. The wall was repaired using a sutureless technique with an autologous pericardial patch and GRF glue without cardiopulmonary bypass. Although the complication of a left ventricular aneurysm was seen, the postoperative course was uneventful. Nevertheless, she is doing well 9 months after surgery.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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12/222. Early fungal endocarditis in homograft recipients.

    Retrospective analysis of 200 homograft valve recipients at our institution revealed two cases of fungal endocarditis. Pathogenesis appears to be related to either recipient seeding in one elderly immunocompromised patient or a previously contaminated donor valve implanted in an otherwise healthy recipient. Therefore, our experience underscores the need for both meticulous prevention of fungal infection preoperatively in the recipient and elimination of previously contaminated homograft valves from the donor pool.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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13/222. Simultaneous repair of cardiovascular disorders and pectus deformity in a patient with Sprintzen-Goldberg syndrome: A case report.

    We report a 12-year-old girl with Sprintzen-Goldberg syndrome (SGS) who was complicated with annuloaortic ectasia with aortic regurgitation, mitral valve prolapse with mitral regurgitation, and a severe pectus excavatum. In this patient, aortic root replacement, mitral valve replacement, and sternal elevation were simultaneously performed, and a version of Ravitch's procedure that was technically modified to support the sternum was used for sternal elevation. This modified sternal elevation technique gave excellent operative exposure, and maintained chest wall stability after the operation.
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keywords = operative
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14/222. Sickle cell disease and aortic valve replacement: use of cardiopulmonary bypass, partial exchange transfusion, platelet sequestration, and continuous hemofiltration.

    Sickle cell disease in patients undergoing open heart procedures presents a multitude of challenges to the medical staff. With improved techniques of cardiopulmonary bypass, surgery, and anesthesia for treating patients with sickle cell disease, perfusionists will likely encounter patients with this genetic disorder on a more frequent basis. A 40-year-old black woman was admitted to our institution with recurrent staphylococcus epidermidis and sepsis. She underwent transesophageal echocardiography and cardiac catheterization and was subsequently diagnosed with severe aortic insufficiency. The aortic valve was replaced. Herein, we report our experience in the preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative management of this patient. We present a concise update on the current literature and techniques used by others in similar cases, and we provide a brief section on future considerations to assist fellow practitioners in recognizing this disease and meeting the accompanying challenges.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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15/222. Rare combined heart and kidney transplant in a pediatric patient: a case study.

    Multiple reports of successful combined heart and kidney transplants adults suggest that this may be a viable option for a small subset of patients with coexisting end-stage heart and kidney failure. A review of the literature, however, reveals that few combined heart and kidney transplants have been reported in children. This article presents the case of a 13-year-old boy who underwent unsuccessful palliative surgery for a congenital heart defect. The patient developed heart failure with subsequent acute renal failure, and ultimately required a combined heart and kidney transplant. The combined procedure was successful in this patient and he is alive and well 27 months postoperatively.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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16/222. The Ross operation in a Jehovah's Witness: a paradigm for heart surgery in children without transfusion.

    A 3-year-old 18 kg male child of the Jehovah's Witness faith presented with severe aortic regurgitation. A successful Ross procedure was performed using a pulmonary autograft, without the use of blood or blood product transfusion. blood conservation strategy included: (1) preoperative treatment with recombinant human erythropoietin; (2) intraoperative strategies, including technical modifications to the Ross procedure, and the prophylactic use of fibrin glue; (3) utilization of a heparin-bonded cardiopulmonary bypass circuit and assisted venous drainage; and 4) the use of prebypass phlebotomy, cell-saving device and autotransfusion. The patient was discharged home on postoperative day 7 with a hemoglobin level of 11.9.
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ranking = 3
keywords = operative
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17/222. Aneurysm of saphenous vein bypass graft to coronary artery.

    A few cases of aneurysmal dilatation of autogenous vein grafts to peripheral arteries have been reported. However, to our knowledge, no case of this complication in coronary artery vein bypass grafts have been found. We are presenting a case of a vein graft aneurysm which appeared 6 months postoperatively. The patient had had an aortic valve replacement and a vein bypass graft to the right coronary artery.
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keywords = operative
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18/222. cardiac tamponade complicating closure of a median sternotomy.

    A case of intraoperative cardiac tamponade manifested during closure of a median sternotomy is presented. We postulate that cardiac tamponade was caused by acute dilatation of the cardiac chambers as a result of intraoartic balloon pumping in a patient with aortic and mitral regurgitation. It has been shown experimentally that acute rises in ventricular end-diastolic pressure result in increased intrapericardial pressure and that if a certain point on the pericardial pressure-volume curve is reached, cardiac tamponade will occur. sternotomy closure was accomplished easily as soon as the need for intra-aortic balloon pumping diminished.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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19/222. Intraoperative myocardial ischemia recognized by transesophageal echocardiography monitoring in the pediatric population: a report of 3 cases.

    We used continuous intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) monitoring to detect intraoperative myocardial ischemia in children after they had been weaned from cardiopulmonary bypass for cardiac surgery. Three pediatric patients are described here to illustrate the usefulness of such TEE monitoring in surgical procedures involving coronary arteries. The indications for intraoperative TEE monitoring and a simplified scheme for immediate qualitative interpretation are discussed.
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ranking = 7
keywords = operative
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20/222. A case report of surgical treatment of quadricuspid aortic valve associated with regurgitation.

    A case of a 65-year-old woman who had a quadricuspid aortic valve associated with aortic regurgitation is reported. The patient had severe aortic regurgitation and four equally divided aortic cusps. The valve abnormality was detected by a transesophageal echo and an aortography. The incomplete aortic valve was excised and replaced by a St. Jude Medical prosthesis. Although this case had no coronary abnormality, a coronary displacement is often reported in quadricuspid aortic valve cases. In order to perform an operation safely, accurate information which is obtained by a non-invasive examination of the transesoph-ageal echo is quite valuable as it can indicate the need for further preoperative examinations of the coronary arteries.
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ranking = 1
keywords = operative
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