Cases reported "Aphakia, Postcataract"

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1/2. Recurrent hyphema in an aphakic child: Swan syndrome.

    In 1973, Swan described 3 patients who developed hyphema months to years after uncomplicated cataract surgery. He noted focal vascularization from an ingrowth of episcleral vessels at the cataract wound site, resulting in recurrent intraocular bleeding. Swan syndrome has been reported following intracapsular cataract extraction, extracapsular cataract extraction (including clear corneal incisions), iridocyclectomy, and glaucoma filtering procedures. patients typically present with sudden painless blurred vision, often upon awakening, which may or may not be preceded by physical strain or trauma. Other patients are asymptomatic and diagnosed with hyphema or anterior chamber red blood cells on routine examination. The hyphema often resolve spontaneously, making later diagnosis difficult. Gonioscopic visualization of the abnormal wound vessels is necessary for diagnosis. Without active bleeding, however, the fibrovascular tuft may be easily overlooked. We report a case of Swan syndrome in a 16-month-old boy after cataract extraction was performed. To our knowledge, Swan syndrome has not been reported in the pediatric population. Children represent a significant proportion of patients undergoing anterior segment surgery and Swan syndrome should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hyphema in this population.
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keywords = hyphema
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2/2. Coumadin related spontaneous hyphemas in patients with iris fixated pseudophakos.

    Spontaneous hyphemas in iris supported intraocular lenses are considerably more likely to occur in patients on systemic Coumadin therapy. Five cases are presented in which hyphemas appear to be related to Coumadin treatment.
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keywords = hyphema
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