Cases reported "Appendiceal Neoplasms"

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1/85. Primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma.

    Adenocarcinoma of the appendix is rarely encountered and is usually discovered at the pathology examination of the surgical specimen. Adenocarcinoma of the vermiform appendix is a rare neoplasm and constitutes <0.5% of all gastrointestinal neoplasms. There is no symptom of appendiceal cancer, and it is very difficult to diagnose preoperatively. Most female patients are diagnosed as having a gynecologic disease. Second primary synchronous and metachronous neoplasms, especially in the gastrointestinal tract, are found in up to 35% of patients with appendix adenocarcinoma. We report a case of adenocarcinoma in a 56-year-old woman misdiagnosed as having right ovarian carcinoma, and we review the literature.
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ranking = 1
keywords = neoplasm, cancer
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2/85. Acidic glycosaminoglycans of abdominal mucin in a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei caused by appendiceal cancer.

    Although the use of intraperitoneal mucolytic agents is useful in the management of pseudomyxoma peritonei, effective removal of mucin is difficult even by repeated mucolysis in cases with massive ascites. To establish mucolytic therapy as a further effective procedure, biochemical analysis of mucin is required in greater detail. We reported here a case of pseudomyxoma peritonei caused by primary appendiceal cancer with biochemical analysis of mucin. The abdominal cavity in this case was filled with massive mucinous ascites. Although the mucolytic therapy was performed repeatedly, it was not effective in preventing mechanical ileus which was followed by surgical exclusion. Biochemical study of mucin showed that the mucin contained a small amount of hyaluronic acid, as characterized by electrophoretic study. These data led us to the hypothesis that the hyaluronic acid component plays a role in the pathogenesis of the replacement of mucin in the abdominal cavity.
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ranking = 0.11025435762945
keywords = cancer
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3/85. Metastasis from small cell carcinoma of the lung producing acute appendicitis.

    A case of acute gangrenous appendicitis with perforation caused by metastatic small cell carcinoma of the lung in a 65 year old man is reported. The manifestation of appendicitis occurred more than 4 years after the diagnosis of the bronchogenic carcinoma. With longer survival of patients with disseminated tumors it is probable that new manifestations of those malignancies will be discovered. Acute appendicitis due to metastasis from a distant neoplasm should be considered in the differential diagnosis of right lower abdominal pain in the oncology patient.
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ranking = 0.3259830428247
keywords = neoplasm
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4/85. Primary appendiceal malignancy mimicking advanced stage ovarian carcinoma: a case series.

    BACKGROUND: Primary appendiceal malignancy metastatic to the ovaries is a rare condition that may mimic late stage ovarian cancer. This condition is rarely diagnosed preoperatively. CASES: Three patients referred to our institution from 1994 to 1999 for presumed late stage ovarian cancer were found to have primary appendiceal adenocarcinoma, adenocarcinoid, and mucinous cystadenocarcinoma metastatic to the ovaries at laparotomy. We describe the clinical course of these patients and review the relevant literature. CONCLUSION: It is important for the gynecologic oncologist to be aware of the clinicopathological features and surgical management of these malignancies, as the incidence, prognosis, and recommended treatment vary with histological subtype.
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ranking = 0.04410174305178
keywords = cancer
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5/85. Primary mucinous adenocarcinoma of the appendix: a rare entity in the differential diagnosis of ovarian cancer.

    We report a 58-year-old female patient with the suspected diagnosis of ovarian cancer. Upon surgical exploration, examination of the appendix revealed the histological diagnosis of primary mucinous adenocarcinoma. This is an unusual consideration in the differential diagnosis of the ovarian cancer. We discuss the diagnosis, classification and treatment of the cancer of the appendix in relation to ovarian cancer.
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ranking = 0.17640697220712
keywords = cancer
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6/85. Metastatic involvement of ceco-appendicular segment: a diagnosis of right lower quadrant abdominal pain in patient receiving chemotherapy.

    Metastases are a common feature during the evolution of breast cancer. However, gastrointestinal metastases, and especially ceco-appendicular ones, are very rare. melanoma however frequently metastasize in the gastrointestinal tract. Ceco-appendicular metastases do not display any specific signs in cancerous patients. These rare metastases must be considered in the diagnosis of right lower quadrant pain in cancerous patients. The main differential diagnosis includes neutropenic enterocolitis, acute appendicitis, malignant intestinal obstruction and perforation of the bowel. The morbidity of gastrointestinal complications in patients with metastatic cancer receiving chemotherapy is significant and surgery is often the only chance of survival. The major clinical decision is whether or not to operate.
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ranking = 0.088203486103559
keywords = cancer
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7/85. Appendiceal carcinoma invading the urinary bladder.

    A case is reported of a 78-year-old woman with appendiceal carcinoma invading the bladder causing irritative symptoms. Although several imaging studies suggested that the secondary bladder tumor was of cecal or appendiceal origin, such as abscess or mucocele, histologic findings on transurethral and transvaginal biopsy were inconclusive. However, following laparotomy, pathologic examination of the frozen sections revealed a mucinous cystadenocarcinoma originating in the appendix and a right hemicolectomy and en bloc partial cystectomy were performed. One year after the operation, the patient was well with no evidence of recurrent cancer.
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ranking = 0.02205087152589
keywords = cancer
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8/85. Laparoscopic cryoablation of a metastatic carcinoid tumor.

    Carcinoid tumors are rare, slow-growing neuroendocrine neoplasms that can cause a carcinoid syndrome. The majority of carcinoid syndromes are the result of multiple hepatic metastases and are usually unresectable. Medical therapy has not proven effective and often causes intolerable side effects. Cryoablation has emerged as a promising treatment for various hepatic lesions when resection is not an option and medical therapy has been exhausted. With the addition of laparoscopy, surgeons now possess a new technique to treat primary and various secondary liver lesions. We report for the first time laparoscopic cryoablation for the treatment of a carcinoid metastatic to the liver.
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ranking = 0.3259830428247
keywords = neoplasm
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9/85. krukenberg tumor from an occult appendiceal adenocarcinoid: a case report and review of the literature.

    appendiceal neoplasms with ovarian metastasis are rare. A 35-year-old woman with a left ovarian tumor underwent left salpingo-oophorectomy, partial resection of the right ovary, and a total hysterectomy. Pathological diagnosis of both ovaries was typical, krukenberg tumor with signet-ring cells, and the second laparotomy revealed an occult appendiceal tumor to be the primary lesion. The appendix showed no evidence of malignant change of the mucosa, but the tumor cells were observed infiltrating from the basiglandular region into the underlying stroma, associated with mucocele. Although, argentaffin and argyrophil staining were negative, a few tumor cells showed immunohistochemical positivity for chromogranin a. Accordingly, the tumor was diagnosed as adenocarcinoid rather than adenocarcinoma of the appendix. A review of the literature showed less than 40 cases of metastatic ovarian tumor from appendiceal primary, one-third of which were occult and could be detected at the second laparotomy. cisplatin-based chemotherapy may have partial effect in the treatment of patient with adenocarcinoid tumor.
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ranking = 0.3259830428247
keywords = neoplasm
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10/85. Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in the appendix in a patient with nonrotation: report of a case.

    Mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in the appendix is uncommon. An anomaly in the rotation of the intestine is also uncommon in adults. We herein report a case of mucinous cystadenocarcinoma in the appendix in a patient with nonrotation. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of appendiceal carcinoma in a patient with an anomaly of intestinal rotation. A 76-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital with left low abdominal pain. physical examination revealed tenderness with muscle rigidity in the left lower quadrant. The patient was diagnosed to have intussusception by computed tomography and ultrasonography. An emergency operation showed nonrotation and the top of the appendix situated in the left iliac fossa. An appendectomy was performed because of gangrenous acute appendicitis. However, the cut surface of the appendix showed a mucocele measuring 4 x 4 cm in size. It was diagnosed to be mucinous cystadenocarcinoma histopathologically. A right hemicolectomy with lymph node dissection was performed, and no remaining cancer cells or lymph node metastases were found in the resected specimen pathologically. The patient had an uneventful postoperative course. No signs of recurrence have been observed for 23 months since her last operation.
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ranking = 0.02205087152589
keywords = cancer
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